Analysis of Biomass and Biofuels as source of energy

With your favorite host
Bikramjeet Singh B.Tech(hons)IT_MBA(intg)

Technology and Environmental Impact of Biomass & Biofuels

Technology • Biomass technology today serves many markets that were developed with fossil fuels and modestly reduces their use • Uses . Electrical power generation.Industrial process heat and steam. Transportation fuels (ethanol and biodiesel) and other products. . • Primary focus of the Biomass Program – development of advanced technologies.

Current Focus • Platform technologies • Sugar Platform Technology • Thermochemical Platform Technology .

.

• Analogous to today's petroleum refineries • It is based on the “Sugar Platform“ and the “Thermochemical Platform“ . and chemicals from biomass.Bio-refinery • A facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels. power.

Bio-diesel • Made by transforming animal fat or vegetable oil with alcohol . • Fuel is made from rapeseed (canola) oil or soybean oil or recycled restaurant grease. • Directly substituted for diesel either as neat fuel or as an oxygenate additive .

Jatropha • Biodiesel from Jatropha • Seeds of the Jatropha nut is crushed and oil is extracted • The oil is processed and refined to form bio-diesel. .

Gasification Technology • Gobar gas Production • Biogas • Synthesis gas .

. and steam to convert materials directly into a gas composed primarily of carbon monoxide and hydrogen.Gasification • A process that uses heat. . pressure.

Raw Materials for Gasification .

.

Gasification •Products of gasification : * Hydrocarbon gases . * Char (carbon black and ash). * Hydrocarbon liquids (oils). .

Gasifier Plant .

Gasifier Plant .

.

Gobar gas • Gobar gas production is an anaerobic process • Fermentation is carried out in an air tight. closed cylindrical concrete tank called a digester .

.

.

Environmental Concerns • Air Pollution • Soil Deterioration .

Air Concerns • Biomass processing technologies and biofuels use have the potential to increase emissions of ozone precursors o Increase in Nox emissions •Combustion of ethanol would result in increased atmospheric concentrations of carcinogens .

Soil Concerns • Burning biomass deprives local eco-systems of nutrients •Increased use of pesticides and fertilizers to produce energy crops contaminate ground and surface water # Affects fish and wildlife .

Environmental Benefits •Reduction of waste • Extremely low emission of greenhouse gases compared to fossil fuels • Ethanol is Carbon neutral and forms a part of the carbon cycle • Growing variety of crops increases bio-diversity .

biomass produces 38 % of the primary energy in developing countries.Bio Mass • Biomass already supplies 14 % of the world’s primary energy consumption. • Average electricity generation of 5. • Fertilizers as by product. On average.5kWh per cow per day!! .

Thank You .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful