12 views

Uploaded by Ahsan Tariq

- FEM Lecture Notes-5
- Early Finite Element
- Finite-Element Models for Electrical Machines by Henneberger
- D. a. Lowther, P. P. Silvester (Auth.)-Computer-Aided Design in Magnetics-Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (1986)
- Data Sheet
- JESR20101604V16S01A0009
- 10.5923.j.ajps.20120203.04
- Virtual Machine Tool
- FEA Projects Lecture
- ED7201
- A Simple Beam Revisited
- Sesmic Design3
- Lect01
- 03-stepbystepcalculation
- FEA 01 Basics
- Accurate Efficient Modeling Cyclic Behavior RC Members EngStruct Abstract Accepted
- Computationally-efficient Hybrid Strategy for Mechanistic Modeling Of
- L1.pdf
- Part 3 Final
- meslm110

You are on page 1of 32

A Practical Course

FEM FOR PLATES & SHELLS

CHAPTER 7:

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

PLATE ELEMENTS

Shape functions

Element matrices

SHELL ELEMENTS

Elements in local coordinate system

Elements in global coordinate system

Remarks

CASE STUDY

INTRODUCTION

FE equations based on Reissner-Mindlin plate

theory will be developed.

FE equations of shells will be formulated by

superimposing matrices of plates and that of 2D

solids.

Computationally tedious due to more DOFs.

PLATE ELEMENTS

Geometrically similar to 2D plane stress solids

except that it carries only transverse loads. Leads

to bending.

2D equivalent of the beam element.

Rectangular plate elements based on Reissner-

Mindlin plate theory will be developed

conforming element.

Many software like ABAQUS do not offer plate

elements, only the general shell element.

PLATE ELEMENTS

Consider a plate structure:

x

y

z, w

h

fz

Middle plane

Middle

plane

(Reissner-Mindlin plate

theory)

PLATE ELEMENTS

Reissner-Mindlin plate theory:

( , , ) ( , )

( , , ) ( , )

y

x

u x y z z x y

v x y z z x y

u

u

=

=

z = In-plane strain:

Middle

plane

where

c c c c

c c

c c

= =

y x

y

x

y x

x

y

u u

u

u

L (Curvature)

0

0

x

y

y x

c

c

c

c

c c

c c

(

(

(

(

=

(

(

(

(

(

L

in which

PLATE ELEMENTS

Off-plane shear strain:

c

c

+

c

c

+

=

)

`

=

y

w

x

w

x

y

yz

xz

u

u

/ 2 / 2

/ 2 / 2

1 1

d d d d

2 2

e e

h h

T T

e

A h A h

U A z A z

= +

} } } }

In-plane stress &

strain

Off-plane shear

stress & strain

c

s

yz

xz

G

G

k k

t

t

=

(

=

)

`

=

0

0

2

/12 or 5/6 k t =

PLATE ELEMENTS

Substituting z =

,

A h A

h

U

e e

A

s

T

A

T

e

d

2

1

d

12 2

1

3

} }

+ = c c k

c

s

yz

xz

G

G

k k

t

t

=

(

=

)

`

=

0

0

Kinetic energy:

2 2 2

1

( )d

2

e

e

V

T u v w V = + +

}

3 3

2 2

2

1 1

( )d ( )d

2 12 12 2

e e

T

e x y

A A

h h

T hw A A u u = + + =

} }

d I d

( , , ) ( , )

( , , ) ( , )

y

x

u x y z z x y

v x y z z x y

u

u

=

=

Substituting

PLATE ELEMENTS

3 3

2 2 2

1 1

( )d ( )d

2 12 12 2

e e

T

e x y

A A

h h

T hw A A u u = + + =

} }

d I d

x

y

w

u

u

=

`

)

d

3

3

0 0

0 0

12

0 0

12

h

h

h

(

(

(

(

=

(

(

(

(

I

where ,

Shape functions

Note that rotation is independent of deflection w

, ,

4

1

4

1

4

1

i

y i

i

y i x i

i

x i i

i

N N w N w u u u u

= = =

= = =

) 1 )( 1 (

4

1

q q

i i i

N + + = where

(Same as rectangular

2D solid)

Shape functions

h

x e

y

w

u

u

=

`

)

Nd

1

1

1

2

2

2

3

3

3

4

4

4

displacement at node 1

displacement at node 2

displacement at node 3

displacement at node 4

x

y

x

y

e

x

y

x

y

e

w

w

w

w

u

u

u

u

u

u

u

u

`

)

`

)

=

`

`

)

`

) )

d

where

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Node 4

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

N N N N

N N N N

N N N N

(

(

=

(

(

N

1 (1, 1)

(w

1

,u

x1

, u

y1

)

2 (1, 1)

(w

2

,u

x2

, u

y2

)

3 (1, +1)

(w

3

,u

x3

, u

y3

)

2

4 (1, +1)

(w

4

,u

x4

, u

y4

)

2

q

z, w

Element matrices

Substitute

h

x e

y

w

u

u

= =

`

)

d Nd into

e e

T

e e

T d m d

2

1

=

1

( )d

2

e

T

e

A

T A =

}

d I d

where

T

d

e

e

A

A =

}

m N I N

Recall that:

3

3

0 0

0 0

12

0 0

12

h

h

h

(

(

(

(

=

(

(

(

(

I

(Can be evaluated

analytically but in practice,

use Gauss integration)

Element matrices

A h A

h

s

A A

e

e e

d ] [ d ] [

12

O T O I T I

3

B c B cB B k

} }

+ = k

Substitute

h

x e

y

w

u

u

= =

`

)

d Nd into potential energy function

from which we obtain

| |

I

4

I

3

I

2

I I

1

B B B B B =

(

(

(

c c c c

c c

c c

=

y N x N

y N

x N

j j

j

j

0

0 0

0 0

I

j

B

i i

j j

i i

j j

b y

N

y

N

a x

N

x

N

q

q

q

q q

) 1 (

4

1

) 1 (

4

1

+ =

c

c

c

c

=

c

c

+ =

c

c

c

c

=

c

c

, b y a x = = q Note:

Element matrices

| |

O

4

O

3

O

2

O O

1

B B B B B =

(

c c

c c

=

0

0

O

j

j j

j j

N y N

N x N

B

(m

e

can be solved

analytically but practically

solved using Gauss

integration)

A

f

e

A

z

e

d

0

0

T

}

)

= N f

For uniformly distributed load,

{ } 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1

z

T

e

abf = f

SHELL ELEMENTS

Loads in all directions

Bending, twisting and in-plane deformation

Combination of 2D solid elements (membrane

effects) and plate elements (bending effect).

Common to use shell elements to model plate

structures in commercial software packages.

Elements in local coordinate system

1 (1, 1)

(u

1

, v

1

, w

1

,

u

x1

, u

y1

, u

z1

)

2 (1, 1)

(u

2

, v

2

, w

2

,

u

x2

, u

y2

, u

z2

)

3 (1, +1)

(u

3

, v

3

, w

3

,

u

x3

, u

y3

, u

z3

)

2

4 (1, +1)

(u

4

, v

4

, w

4

,

u

x4

, u

y4

, u

z4

)

2

q

z, w

Consider a flat shell element

4 node

3 node

2 node

1 node

4

3

2

1

=

e

e

e

e

e

d

d

d

d

d

displacement in direction

displacement in direction

displacement in direction

rotation about -axis

rotation about -axis

rotation about -axis

i

i

i

ei

xi

yi

zi

u x

v y

w z

x

y

z

u

u

u

=

`

)

d

Elements in local coordinate system

Membrane stiffness (2D solid element):

4 node

3 node

2 node

1 node

node4 node3 node2 node1

44

34

24

14

43

33

23

13

42

32

22

12

41

31

21

11

(

(

(

(

=

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

m

e

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

Bending stiffness (plate element):

4 node

3 node

2 node

1 node

node4 node3 node2 node1

44

34

24

14

43

33

23

13

42

32

22

12

41

31

21

11

(

(

(

(

=

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

b

e

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

k

(2x2)

(3x3)

Elements in local coordinate system

4 node

3 node

2 node

1 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

4 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

3 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

2 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

1 node

44

44

34

34

24

24

14

14

43

43

33

33

23

23

13

13

42

42

32

32

22

22

12

12

41

41

31

31

21

21

11

11

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

=

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

e

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k 0

0 k

k

(24x24)

Components

related to the

DOF u

z

, are

zeros in local

coordinate

system.

Elements in local coordinate system

Membrane mass matrix (2D solid element):

13 11 12 14

23 21 22 24

33 31 32 34

43 41 42 44

node3 node1 node2 node4

node 1

node 2

node 3

node 4

m m m m

m m m m m

e

m m m m

m m m m

(

(

=

(

(

(

m m m m

m m m m m

m m m m

m m m m

Bending mass matrix (plate element):

13 11 12 14

23 21 22 24

33 31 32 34

43 41 42 44

node3 node1 node2 node4

node 1

node 2

node 3

node 4

b b b b

b b b b b

e

b b b b

b b b b

(

(

=

(

(

(

m m m m

m m m m m

m m m m

m m m m

Elements in local coordinate system

4 node

3 node

2 node

1 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

4 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

3 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

2 node

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

0 0 0

0

0

1 node

44

44

34

34

24

24

14

14

43

43

33

33

23

23

13

13

42

42

32

32

22

22

12

12

41

41

31

31

21

21

11

11

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

=

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

b

m

e

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m 0

0 m

m

Components

related to the

DOF u

z

, are

zeros in local

coordinate

system.

(24x24)

Elements in global coordinate system

T k T K

e

T

e

=

T m T M

e

T

e

=

e

T

e

f T F =

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

=

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

3

T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 T 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 T 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 T 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 T 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 T 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 T 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 T

T

(

(

(

=

z z z

y y y

x x x

n m l

n m l

n m l

3

T

where

Remarks

The membrane effects are assumed to be

uncoupled with the bending effects in the element

level.

This implies that the membrane forces will not

result in any bending deformation, and vice versa.

For shell structure in space, membrane and

bending effects are actually coupled (especially

for large curvature), therefore finer element mesh

may have to be used.

CASE STUDY

Natural frequencies of micro-motor

CASE

STUDY

Mode

Natural Frequencies (MHz)

768 triangular

elements with

480 nodes

384 quadrilateral

elements with

480 nodes

1280

quadrilateral

elements with

1472 nodes

1

7.67

5.08

4.86

2

7.67

5.08

4.86

3

7.87

7.44

7.41

4

10.58

8.52

8.30

5

10.58

8.52

8.30

6

13.84

11.69

11.44

7

13.84

11.69

11.44

8

14.86

12.45

12.17

CASE STUDY

Mode 1:

Mode 2:

CASE STUDY

Mode 3:

Mode 4:

CASE STUDY

Mode 5:

Mode 6:

CASE STUDY

Mode 7:

Mode 8:

CASE STUDY

Transient analysis of micro-motor

F

F

F

x

x

Node 210

Node 300

CASE STUDY

CASE STUDY

CASE STUDY

- FEM Lecture Notes-5Uploaded bymacynthia26
- Early Finite ElementUploaded bysaulhoudson
- Finite-Element Models for Electrical Machines by HennebergerUploaded bymuhassadi
- D. a. Lowther, P. P. Silvester (Auth.)-Computer-Aided Design in Magnetics-Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (1986)Uploaded bymuthai
- Data SheetUploaded byPavan Kishore
- JESR20101604V16S01A0009Uploaded byformech
- 10.5923.j.ajps.20120203.04Uploaded byNikesh Shah
- Virtual Machine ToolUploaded byivanlira04
- FEA Projects LectureUploaded bysmarhainis
- ED7201Uploaded byarulmurugu
- A Simple Beam RevisitedUploaded byXi Wang
- Sesmic Design3Uploaded bySwath M Murali
- Lect01Uploaded byStefan Stanca
- 03-stepbystepcalculationUploaded bychetan_thakur4278
- FEA 01 BasicsUploaded byHossein Najjarzade
- Accurate Efficient Modeling Cyclic Behavior RC Members EngStruct Abstract AcceptedUploaded byGeorge Markou
- Computationally-efficient Hybrid Strategy for Mechanistic Modeling OfUploaded bySaif Evony
- L1.pdfUploaded byVENKATA RANGANADH
- Part 3 FinalUploaded byceice2013
- meslm110Uploaded byHenrry Ochoa
- Graphical Abstract & Highlights of PaperUploaded byYogesh Dewang
- iwisa09p405Uploaded byHemantha Balasuriya
- FEA LAB5Uploaded byaaqibamin
- If EmUploaded byNarayana Swamy G
- C Franke and R. Schaback. Convergence Orders of Meshless Collocation Methods Using Radial BasisUploaded byAnonymous HijNGQtN
- ME 760-FEM HW Probs _1-24-11_Uploaded byhangshuo1126
- Physics Formula Sheet.pdfUploaded byRomeo De Osio
- 2003 DE FEA Study.pdfUploaded bykniemann
- The design and development of a platform type wind tunnel balance with optical fibre Bragg grating senso.pdfUploaded byJulesdePonte
- 158_2005_Article_BF01195945Uploaded byAli İhsan Karakaş

- 1.pdfUploaded bySindhu Jatt
- mkju bvfg vfgbUploaded bytrisha1234567
- rotodynamicsUploaded byLaksh Man
- Combined Lesson TranscriptsUploaded bySehrish Aslam
- During Philosophical TwinsUploaded byquatenus2
- Selective Propynylation of CinnamaldehydeUploaded byBogdan Stefan
- PhysicsBowl_2002Uploaded bysatishirish3938
- O. E. Bronson Messer et al- Electron Capture and Shock Formation in Core-Collapse SupernovaeUploaded byTuoma2
- 11 NucleusUploaded bykay
- Waiting time paradoxUploaded bymelanocitos
- Serial & Parallel Robot Manipulators - KucukUploaded byJose FG
- ISRO Previous Paper 2011Uploaded byKshitija
- Matlab Ss SolnUploaded bycheenu15
- Theory Manual Volume 1Uploaded byDario Manrique Gamarra
- Best Practices Manual 2014Uploaded byTeguh Aditanoyo
- Agip Blasia p 1000Uploaded byranjangupt
- Labeled_Immunoassays----_Part_4Uploaded byresti
- Chapter 14mUploaded byamir
- Theory of Dislocations 2nd_ed_J._Hirth__J._Lothe (1).pdfUploaded byhuze_nedian
- Test 1Uploaded byPamela Ruiz
- 1.01 Units and Physical QuantitiesUploaded byaraneya
- Decoding Signalling Networks by Mass Spectrometry-based ProteomicsUploaded byRamiro Montero
- Assignment No.1. MechanicsUploaded byNiejam AdDin's Law
- Teaching+Tanabe+Sugano+Diagrams_keyUploaded byCharles David Cabigon
- MIT8_04S13_ps9Uploaded byYul Lope
- NTCThermistorDesignGuide07.pdfUploaded byDGG
- 1974 Tetrahedron30-3649 Prochiral and Pseudoasymmetric Centers Hirschmann Hanson (2)Uploaded byHeena Bhojwani
- Trial Kedah SPM 2014 Physics K2 Skema Modul 2Uploaded byCikgu Faizal
- The Prophecy CompleteUploaded byWilliam Lewis
- ECE341 Lab6 FinalUploaded byDilki