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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway

Rohit Khetarpal Deloitte Consulting March 2012

Contents
SAP Netweaver Gateway Overview Gateway Features What is OData OData Basics Gateway Architecture How Gateway Works? 3 4 5 6 7 9

Gateway and Sybase Mobilizing Architecture


Mobile Delivery Architecture with Sybase and Gateway SAP NetWeaver Gateway Tools Gateway IDE Plug-in tools

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11 12 13

Application Development
Deployment Options Connectivity Technologies in Comparison Use Cases for NetWeaver Gateway Deloittes Point of View

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SAP NetWeaver Gateway Overview


SAP Netweaver Gateway is a development framework that connects business users to SAP systems. It serves as an entrance to your existing SAP system, routing requests, commands and data from end users to SAP systems, thereby allowing business users to access SAP business processes and enterprise information from their familiar desktop environment, such as Microsoft Office Suite and IBM Lotus Notes. It installs as a add-on on SAP Netweaver EHP2 (SP Level six) Application Server ABAP (AS ABAP).
It enables people-centric applications consuming SAP Business Suite data through popular devices and platforms in an easy and standards-based fashion. Its used to optimize user interaction scenarios and can interact with a variety of SAP Business Suite versions. It offers connectivity to SAP applications using any programming language leveraging REST services and OData/ATOM protocols
Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

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Gateway Features
Runtime features, including user interface, secure data access, database connectivity, and network communications for managing applications running on top of the framework
Infrastructure and tools for developing applications to run on the framework or to enhance SAP solutions that integrate desktop programs with SAP systems Run applications and SAP solutions that integrate end user programs with SAP systems Designed and optimized for user interaction scenarios, providing access to SAP applications from the experience and in the context of people activities and tasks, such as from within a collaboration or social environment or in a mobile scenario Provides simple APIs that do not require SAP development knowledge Supports Industry Service Standards (REST) and protocols (ATOM/OData) Services can be consumed by any channel that can process XML received over an HTTP(S) connection
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What is OData?
Open Data Protocol (OData) is a web protocol for querying and updating data Based on a non-proprietary, license free protocol
OData APIs Offer database like access to business data ODBC for the Web No knowledge of SAP structures required

OData + SAP Annotations

OData
Atom Publishing Protocol Atom Syndication Format

Supports object navigation Dynamic binding takes place at run time

XML REST
Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Conforms to the constraints of a RESTbased architecture


- Uses the standard GET, PUT, POST& DELETE HTTP Verbs for CRUD operations - Stateless apps

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OData Basics
A Service Document is a URL lists all the Entity Sets available from a particular service The list of existing Entities in a set can be retrieved via a GET request to Entity Set A new Entity can be created by sending a POST request to the Entity Set, which returns the URI of the newly created entity

An Entity can be read via a GET request, changed via a PUT request, and deleted via a DELETE request to its URI
A Service Operation describe specific actions beyond CRUD that can be performed on a specific Entity, e.g. approve a workflow task, or cancel a booking A Service Metadata Document is a self-describing set of metadata that provides an external software system with all the information necessary to consume the particular OData service.
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Gateway Architecture
IDEs Plug-ins SAP NetWeaver Gateway

Consumer

Consumer

Tools
Generators BOR/SCR/ RFC Custom Dev OData Channel API

Gateway CORE Supportability REST Service Adaptation Metadata Repository Events / Workflow Monitoring Security

Data Source Providers

Data Connection BAPI / RFC Dynpro


Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

SAP Business Suite [ ERP, CRM, SRM]

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Gateway Architecture (Continue .)


Architecture grouped into following categories:
Consumer Connectivity Interface Layer Consumer Adaption Layer (CAL) and Backend Abstraction Layer (BAL)

Backend Connectivity Layer

NetWeaver Gateway Runtime Architecture diagram


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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

How Gateway Works?

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Gateway and Sybase Mobilizing Architecture

*Software Development Kit ** Mobile Business Object

*Open Data Protocol

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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Mobile Delivery Architecture with Sybase and Gateway


Public Internet
Mobile Device Native App
Client Library

- Native apps (iPhone/iPad and BlackBerry) using the specific SDKs - Client libraries, which are provided by Sybase for handling the OData protocol etc.

OData (Protocol)

Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)

Relay Server

Sybase infrastructure that provides Functionality similar to a reverse proxy


OData (Protocol)

Corporate Intranet

SUP 2.1 SAP Gateway

SUP 2.1 provides functionality for user onboarding, authentication and push notifications
OData (Protocol)

Backend functionality will be mostly used as-is. Previous releases need to be supported

RFC

SAP OP Suite System Suite Gateway Solution Adapter

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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Gateway is used for the translation to the SAP Data protocol

SAP NetWeaver Gateway Tools


Benefits Does not require coding Well-suited for tweakers and nonABAP developers Enables rapid prototyping Create new Gateway objects from existing BOR Objects, RFMs & ABAP Dynpro screens Capabilities Supports multiple object aggregation Supports adaptation based on client application requirements Generate structures based on underlying data source Support CRUD operations + QUERY Operation Simplification of Service Interface so that no SAP skills required

Tools
Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

RFC Generator

BOR Generator

SCR Generator

Custom Dev.

Generate new Gateway objects from existing BAPIs, RFCs or Dynpros


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Build custom Gateway object

Gateway IDE Plug-in tools


For Mobile Development below two Plug-in are available:
1. Plug-in tools for Microsoft Visual Studio 2. Plug-in tools for X-Code (iOS development) These tools can be installed on respective development languages and can make connection with SAP NetWeaver gateway system via HTTP protocol.

Any other development language/platform such as PHP, .Net, Objective C, JavaScript, flex, Windows 7, Android can also integrate with SAP NetWeaver gateway system.

http://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/index?rid=/webcontent/uuid/a09fe802-c1622e10-d59a-be4a4f27c49b

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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Above Consumption tools for different IDEs are not part installation media. These tools can be downloaded from below link

Gateway: IDE Plug-in tools (Continue .)


Benefits Developers require no SAP Knowledge Applicable to client developers In their native [IDE] environment Increase productivity Simplify SAP service consumption Capabilities IDE plug-In available for Visual Studio, Xcode & Eclipse Provide ease of consumption through search and exploration capabilities on Gateway services Enable proxy generation of Gateway services Application starter kit Support all CRUD operations on Gateway services Push support for Xcode, Visual Studio Provide out-of-box security and supportability capability
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Many Open Source APIs are available for OData / REST

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Application Development
SAP Gateway enables you to create and maintain content to be available for use on popular mobile devices such as the iPhone and the Blackberry, The content generator design time tool allows to automatically generate content without having to write any code. SAP Gateway content generator enables the developer to create content quickly without writing any code. Once gateway object created from specified data source in SAP system. Content Generator automatically generates following: 1. Meta models: PS (Public Solution) model, DS (Data Source) model, and mapping. 2. Runtime artifacts: structure type container, BOP (Backend Operation Proxy) and BSO (Backend Service Object)/Mapping Specialist. These are either generated or a generic is provided; this varies depending on the data source type. 3. Configuration entries for default configuration Public Solution Model provides a simplified interface to the SAP Data Source Model.
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The content generator also supports transport handling so that Gateway objects can be put into a transport request.

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Application Development (Continue .)


Gateway Service Development

Adaptation in Gateway

Adaptation in the Backend

BOR / RFC Generator

Screen Scraping

Model & Implement Skeleton Class

Create Data Provider & Model Providers


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Generation Channel
4.6C systems or higher supported for RFC and BOR IW_SCS Add-on Component required on Backend System (AS ABAP 7.0 or higher) for Screen Scraping

OData Channel

IW_BEP Add-on Component Required on Backend System (AS ABAP 7.0 or higher) for OData Channel

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Deployment Options
Consumer Embedded Deployment Requirement Backend must be based on NW 7.02 SP7
SAP ERP
GW Server AddOns

SAP CRM
GW Server AddOns

SAP BI
GW Server AddOns

(e.g. CRM 7 or ECC 6.05)

Consumer Central Hub


Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Requirement Backend must be based on NW 7.00 SP18


SAP ERP
Backend Enablement

GW Server AddOns

SAP CRM
Backend Enablement

SAP BI
Backend Enablement

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Connectivity Technologies in Comparison


Criteria RFC-based IDocs Web Services Gateway

Business-to-Business

Business-to-Consumer Application-toApplication Complies to Open Standards / Suited for Connecting to Unknown Partners Model Driven Development

D D C D D C

C D C D C C
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C D C C

C C D C
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C D

Recommended for Heavy Load Scenarios

Use Cases for NetWeaver Gateway


Gateway enables creation of innovative solutions to control and manage mission critical systems. Scenarios where NetWeaver Gateway could be utilized could be broadly categorized as below: Business Critical Apps
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Loyalty Management Utilizing social media ( Facebook / Twitter) to generate Leads Analytics application leverage OData channel support from HANA Financial Payment Approval

Knowledge Worker Apps -

Travel plan approval Employee Look up


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Expense Capture Leave request approval

Consumer Apps
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eBanking eCitizenCharter
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Roadmap
Gateway consumption and content certification would be given by SAP to verify functionality and completeness of Gateway content delivered by partners OData support will be extended to Hybrid Web Containers in upcoming releases, it only supports native applications as of SUP (Sybase Unwired Platform) 2.1 release. NetWeaver Gateway will be able to consume OData coming from SAP HANA to build analytics applications on top of it and reusable libraries for mobility analytics applications will be released as part of future releases of Sybase Unwired Platform and NetWeaver Gateway. JSON, one of the most popular data-interchange format will be supported in future releases of Sybase Unwired Platform and NetWeaver Gateway. SAP will provide support for development of consumer and cloud based use-cases through SAP NetWeaver Gateway platform.
Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

HTML5 will become standard method of developing lightweight apps and will be able to leverage NetWeaver Gateway capabilities for both online and offline scenarios.
Additional third party plug-ins support will be provided for utilizing OData capabilities of Gateway, Adobe Flash Builder 4.5 will be integrated with SAP NetWeaver Gateway for use in flex applications.

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Deloittes Point of View


Demand for lightweight apps would increase as decision making via mobile technology becomes widespread.
With the increased adoption of open, standards-based frameworks, technologies and platforms such as OData and REST customers will benefit from faster development cycles and lower cost of deployments.

Enterprises will use SAP NetWeaver Gateway technology to improve the way they communicate with their extended business network, build stronger business relationships, engage more closely with customers, provide internal teams with more direct and intuitive ways to access data, and to manage and control mission critical systems and deploy innovative solutions. Using Gateway will allow enterprises to get instant access to critical business data using front-end, device and platform of their choice including Android, Blackberry, iOS, Adobe Flex and HTML5.
Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

It is recommended to use Sybase Unwired Platform (SUP) Mobile Business Object (MBO) approach for heavy application development and integration related to Mobility.

It is recommended to use Sybase Unwired Platform with NetWeaver Gateway to utilize security/encryption of data, cache handling, persistence, transaction handling and push notification support
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Contact information
For further information on the content presented, please contact the below SAP practitioner:
Rohit Khetarpal rkhetarpal@deloitte.com

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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

Disclaimer
This presentation contains general information only and is based on the experiences and research of Deloitte practitioners. Deloitte is not, by means of this presentation, rendering business, financial, investment, or other professional advice or services. This presentation is not a substitute for such professional advice or services, nor should it be used as a basis for any decision or action that may affect your business. Before making any decision or taking any action that may affect your business, you should consult a qualified professional advisor. Deloitte, its affiliates, and related entities shall not be responsible for any loss sustained by any person who relies on this presentation.

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Developing and Consuming OData Services Using SAP NetWeaver Gateway.pptx

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