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LIME

LIME
It is an important binding material used in building construction. Lime has been used as the material of construction from ancient time. Lime Mortar: Lime + sand Lime Concrete: Lime + sand + CA

LIME
Lime is produced when CaCO3 in form of limestone, seashells, kankars, etc are burnt & CO2 is released as gas & resulting product is CaO or QUICKLIME.

LIME
Lime is manufactured in temporary clamps which are intermittent or in kilns which are continuous. QUICKLIME is not a stable product. If it is left exposed to air, it absorbs CO2 from air & gives back carbonates. Hence, quicklime should be slaked to CaCO3 (hydrated lime or slaked lime).

LIME
Quicklime is slaked by pouring water over it. Then it swells & falls into a powder form with a hissing & cracking sound. This product is called SLAKED or HYDRATED lime. Chemical composition of quicklime with water is called slaking of lime. The term lime is used for describing lime mortar, etc., it is referred to slaked lime & not quick lime.

Cementing action of Lime


Cementing action of lime is produced by carbonation. Ca(OH)2 combines with CO2 from atmosphere to form CaCO3 which has cementing properties.

Cementing action of Lime


Sand is added in lime mortar to make it bulkier (for economy) & to make mortar porous so that air can circulate freely to assist carbonation. Because of the above reaction, lime does not set without air (under water). Thus, ordinary lime is not hydraulic.

Cementing action of Lime


A hydraulic mortar is one which will set under water & its cementing action is due to chemical reaction with its own constituents. Lime can combine with pozzolonas (reactive silica) & set even under water; such lime is called hydrated lime.

Types of Limes
Limes are classified as
Fat Lime Hydraulic Lime Poor Lime:

Types of Limes
Fat Lime
It is composed of 95% of CaO. When water is added, it slakes vigorously and its volume increases to 2-2.5 times. It is white in colour.

Types of Limes
Fat Lime properties are:
Hardens slowly Sets slowly in presence of air Has high degree of plasticity White in colour Slakes vigorously

Types of Limes
Hydraulic Lime
It contains clay & ferrous oxide. Depending upon the % of clay present, HL is divided into following 3 types:
Feebly HL (5-10% clay content) Moderately HL (11-20% clay content) Eminently HL (21-30% clay content)

Types of Limes
Properties of hydraulic limes are:
Sets under water Colour is not perfectly white Forms a thin paste with water & do not dissolve in water. Its binding property improves if its fine powder is mixed with sand and kept in the form of heap for a week, before using.

Types of Limes
Poor Lime
> 30% clay. Muddy colour Poor binding property. Mortar made with such lime is used for inferior works. IS 712-1973 classifies lime as class A, B, C, D E and F.

Types of Limes
Class A Lime: It is predominantly HL. It is normally supplied as HL & is commonly used for structural works such as arches, domes. Class B Lime: It contains both HL & fat lime. It is supplied as hydrated lime OR as quick lime. It is used for making mortar for masonry works. Class C Lime: It is predominantly fat lime, supplied both as quick lime AND fat lime. It is used for finishing coat in plastering and for white washing.

Types of Limes
Class D Lime: contains large quantity of MgO & is similar to fat lime. Commonly used for white washing & for finishing coat in plastering. Class E Lime: It is an impure limestone, known as kankar. It is available in modular and block form. Supplied as hydrated lime & is commonly used for masonry mortar. Class F Lime: generally used for undercoat & finishing coat of plaster.

Uses of Lime
For white washing. For making mortar for masonry works & plastering. To produce lime sand bricks. For soil stabilization. As a refractory material for lining open hearth furnaces. For making cement.

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