You are on page 1of 33


Supervisors: UTP: Dr. Mohd Faris Khamidi I.Z.A : Mr. Mior Azlan Mior Nazrin

Presenter: ODU PAUL DUKU ERIKOLE Martix No. 14115


Internship Objectives
 To apply theoretical knowledge in industrial application  To expose the students to ethical and professional work culture, industrial practices and potential employers  To develop students skills in work ethics, communication, leadership and management  To engage students in real research-based assignments, research-based activities and team-work activities

Presentation Objectives:

1) To explain the materials used in soil cement stabilization. 2) To explain the phases of work in the soil cement stabilization of subgrade. 3) To explain the advantages of soil cement stabilization over convectional flexible pavement.

during and after soil cement stabilization Advantages of soil cement stabilization over convectional flexible pavement  Conclusion and Recommendations  Q & A Session  General Conclusion . Phases of work before.solution to the problem Materials used in soil cement stabilization.Z.Presentation Outline        About I.A Construction Company Project Location Unsuitable site conditions (problem encountered) Soil cement stabilization.

Farouk Bin Anwar  Secured and completed contracts >RM 560 million  HQ: Taman Song Choon 31350 Ipoh.A Construction Company Profile  Class 'A' Private Limited company  Formed on 15th September 1982  Incorporated under the Company Act 1965 on the 21st September 1991  The Board of Directors: Dato' Baharuddin Bin Hj.I.Z. Mahyuddin and Mr. Perak .

Project Location Anak Kurau Taiping Larut Dan Matang Perak Connecting State Road A7 to A137 .

Problem Encountered  Most of the soil at the project site is unsuitable  A conventional solution:  Soil substitution-excavate the loose soil layers and replace them with frictional material of higher bearing capacity  Problem with soil substitution  expensive  Problematic-the replaced material must be disposed of and new filling material hauled to the site.  takes longer time  not environmentally friendly method .

Effective solution  Soil cement Stabilization of the subgrade (site) materials  Objective of Soil cement Stabilization of the subgrade  Reduce cost of road construction in terms of materials. time and maintenance. .

What is Soil Cement Stabilization? A process to improve the strength. 2. durability and permeability (Engineering Properties) of soil by: 1. . Pulverizing the soil. thoroughly compacting the mixture. homogenously mixing cement into the pulverized soil and 3.

Sulfate Resistant Cement and High Early Strength Cement) 2) Soil • Granular. IA. II & III (Normal. alkalis. Air Entraining . well graded but not heavy clay nor soil with high organic content. oil and organic matter • To obtain maximum compaction and hydrate the cement .Materials Used in Soil Cement Stabilization Three (3) different materials are used: 1) Portland Cement • Type I. 3) Water • Clean and free from harmful amount of acid.

Phases of work normally required for the soil cement stabilization of subgrade a) Prior to Soil Cement Stabilization b) Soil Cement Stabilization Works c) Post Soil Cement Stabilization .

Prior to Soil Cement Stabilization 1) 2) 3) 4) Mobilization of Machinery Site Clearing and Earthwork Foundation and Drainage Testing and Design Mix .

Mobilization of Machinery .

bushes • Demolish existing structures in the entire area of the road reserve  Earthwork  Original Ground Level (OGL) higher or lower than Finished Road level?  Strip topsoil  Higher OGL.fill with suitable materials .Site Clearing and Earthwork  Site Clearing • Clear the site of trees.cut the area  Lower OGL. undergrowth. vegetation.


. No standing water on the completed work? a.Foundation and Drainage Foundation  Stable and durable? Adequately compacted Drainage Adequate drainage? b.

Sampling. Testing and Mix design Sampling .

Testing  Sieve Analysis Materials making excellent soil-cement contain:  Granular materials  well graded materials .

Optimum Moisture Content Maximum dry density (MDD) for all compaction is obtained at the optimum water content (OMC .

UCS Test is used to calculate undrained shear strength used to determine the bearing capacity of foundations .MIX DESIGN Depends on Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) test results.

447 Sub-base course. and lime-cement-fly ash stabilized soils (Guyer.723 1.pg11 Stabilized soil layer Minimum Unconfined Compressive strength.171 3.379 . MN/m2 Flexible Pavement Rigid Pavement Base course 5. select material or subgrade 1. 2011). lime-cement.Minimum unconfined compressive strength at 7 days for cement and 28 days for lime.

.  The stronger the subgrade (high CBR value).In-Situ (CBR) Test  used to determine the resistance of the subgrade to deformation under the load from vehicle wheels. the less thick the road pavement is design and constructed.

05533 13.32403 .32309 2.85358 4 680 17.565 13.5 710 18.5 420 10.1 2.77689 3.9466 13.5 3 CBR Graph before Soil Cement Stabilization Force (KN) 0 1.6694 1.8234 2 517 13. Age: 3days after Soil Cement Stabilization Jack/Load rig no.10625 20 80.5 429 11.5 580 14.2 83.5 Load Guage 0 35 80 120 150 175 KN (%) CH 150.02577 KN/div Penetration of Force on Plunger Standard CBR Value Plunger (mm) Load Guage KN Force (KN) (%) 0 0 0 0.5 3. 0.5 Penetration (mm) 2 2.24 42.5 185 4.29291 1.5 2 2.5 654 16.5 193 4.68325 20 93.2 113.5 1 1.7525 3 457 11.41625 Average 103.97361 1 220 5.5 615 15.5 1 1.5 kg Force on Plunger Standard CBR Value 6 5 4 Force (KN) 3 2 1 0 0 0.5 479 12.5 290 7.05471 3. Age: 7days after Soil Cement Stabilization Jack/Load rig no.5236 4.76745 1 283 7. 0.CBR Value before and after stabilization CH 20. Mass of Surcharge: Penetration of 0.23182 3 623 16.8 4.8 5.53125 Average 82.02577 KN/div Force on Penetration of Plunger Standard CBR Value Plunger (mm) Load Guage KN Force (KN) (%) 0 0 0 0.84855 5 625 16.30738 4.2967 5 725 18.4733 2 361 9.0318 KN/div 4.34383 4 594 15.141875 CH 110.30297 2. Before Soil Cement Stabilization Jack/Load rig no.031722 Plunger (mm) 0 0.

Soil Cement Stabilization Process .

Curing and Quality Control .

Post Soil Cement Stabilization 1) Fill irregularities (pot holes) with premix chippings 2) Application of tact coat 3) Spreading the hot premix (1210C-1630C) by mechanical paver to the required depth 4) Compact thoroughly by rolling 5) Apply seal coat .


recycles existing deteriorated pavement materials…reduce landfill usage. mix. and transportation of crush run  Easy maintenance. processing.Advantages of Soil cement stabilization over Convection Flexible Pavement     Lower Cost. compact. reduces greenhouse gas emissions during mining. apply cement. uses inexpensive local materials Takes shorter time to stabilize soil Reduced thickness. no need to dispose of replaced material and to haul new filling material to the site  Eco-friendly method. pulverize deteriorated pavement. conserves and / or reallocates aggregates Reduce traffic impacts. . finish grade and overlay new HMA  Environmentally Sustainable.

CONCLUSION  Soil Cement Stabilization  Materials for Soil Cement Stabilization  Phases of work required for soil cement stabilization of subgrade  Advantages of soil cement stabilization for pavement over conventional flexible pavement .

property or the environment .Recommendations It is not advisable to proceed with the stabilization under the following climatic conditions:  The ambient temperature is below 50C or above 380C  It is raining or likely to rain  The wind is sufficiently strong to cause the additive to become airborne  During conditions that may cause danger to people.

General Conclusion  3 days course about Microsoft Project 2010  Quantity determination  Reinforcement bars for culvert wingwalls  Measure and calculate total area for closed turfing  Measure and calculate volume of daily imported earth  Quality control  Slump test  Cube test  Speedy test  Supervision of daily site activities  Report  Weekly progress report  Help PM in preparing Monthly report .

Q & A Session .

Thank you .