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Ismael Arinas Pellón UPM / ASB / IOG

Summary • What? For what? Patent • Why? Who? How? • Pinkal & Vagueness Vague • Law & Vagueness • Levels of Vagueness & Examples • And then … What? Text .

Intellectual Property  Plants & Designs  Business Methods  Composition of Matter  Processes  Manufactures Bazerman (1999) Institutionalised process by which an idea becomes property Myers (1995) Patents demarcate a territory  Machines .

Rules & Value (1)          Title Length (500ch) Abstract Length (150w) No Copyright MPEP Right to Exclude Court Decisions Expiry Date Maintenance Fees Application Published  Relation between       Length and Commercial Value Patent Thicket – License Patent Pools Camouflage Patent Trolls Patent Busters Gwylym Roberts (2007) .

Rules & Value (2) Novelty Utility Non-obviousness Enablement Preferred embodiment .

Bib.Information Contents • Legal • Technical claims descript. Data Statistics • Financial • Econometrics .

Move Structure MOVES Property scope Field and application Gaps in prior art Headings Claims Brief summary of the invention Background of the invention or prior art Detailed description Physical and functional description Cautionary statements .

Vagueness & Pinkal (1985)  Communicate indefiniteness (Less information than expected)  Semantic indeterminacy (Cannot decide whether true or false)   Ambiguity: “aforementioned” Vagueness: “Preferably a valve is disposed within the fluid chamber” .

Law and Vagueness  Van Orman Quine      (1960) Krippendorf (1964) Tiersma (1999) Prampolini (1998) Endicott (2001) Channel (1994)  Giving the right     amount of information Deliberately withholding information More persuasive Lack of specific information Self-protection .

03 7475. Patents # Documents # Tokens # Different Tokens Word / Token ratio Average Words/Doc.S.15 200 . Keywords Used 343 ± 3 million 30.Corpus data U.798 96.30 / 1.

rejection. Modal verbs: May . … … by means of a redrying machine or other steamconditioning equipment In a preferred embodiment of the invention a torque transfer device … provided that the affected party shall use its reasonable best efforts … for acceptance. or referral to the appropriate Federal agency.Vagueness examples  In the axle driving unit of an embodiment to be       discussed below. … the Equipment or any other equipment leased under any Lease.

And then … what?  Expert informants for validation  Application of results to “my context”  Potential – other existing projects .