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2009 Lecture Side

2004 JanuaryJuly 2009

Lecture by

Suradet Tantrairatn Instructor and Researcher

Introduction to Automatic Control
Chapter One week1

Reference Book

- “Modern Control Engineering”, Katsuhiko Ogata, © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Prentice Hall. “Automotive Control Systems for Engine, Driveline and Vehicle”, U.Kiencke and L.Nielsen, Springer.

2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control

Month 200X

Page 2

2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 .Higher safety margins © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.industry .Convenience and Comfort . All rights reserved.generally .doctor .Waste minimization . Confidential and proprietary document.How is it important? Good Improved control is a key enabling technology underpinning: .Precision of tools .Enhance product quality .

Open-Loop Control System (No feedback) 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 .What is Control System? © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. Confidential and proprietary document. All rights reserved.

Confidential and proprietary document. Dynamic Response Open-Loop Control System (No feedback) 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.What is Control System? (2) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

© AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.What is Control System? (3) Feedback •Feedback is a key tool that can be used to modify the behavior of a system. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . Confidential and proprietary document. All rights reserved. •This behavior altering effect of feedback is a key mechanism that control engineers exploit deliberately to achieve the objective of acting on a system to ensure that the desired performance specifications are achieved.

All rights reserved.What is Control System? (4) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. Closed-Loop Control System (No feedback) 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . Confidential and proprietary document.

Response of a position control system showing effect of high and low controller gain on the output response 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.What is Control System? (5) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

Temperature Control System ( Heater or Air Condition ) 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . Confidential and proprietary document.Example Control System? (1) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. All rights reserved.

Confidential and proprietary document.Example Control System? (2) Open Loop © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. All rights reserved. Closed Loop 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 .

All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Vehicle Control System 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 .Example Control System? (3) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

Example Control System? (4) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. Confidential and proprietary document. Autopilot Control System 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.

Control System Design Cycle © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. All rights reserved. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . Confidential and proprietary document.

All rights reserved. 2. Confidential and proprietary document. DESIGN OF A CONTROLLER: Several design methods 1. Robust control. Nonlinear control: Apply Lyapunov’s stability criterion © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. DYNAMIC MODELING • Deriving a dynamic model ( = set of differential equations that describes the dynamic behavior of the plant) • Linearization the dynamic model if necessary II.Modeling & Design in Control I. Classical control or Root Locus Design: Define the transfer function. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . Apply Pole Placement. loop shaping. … 3. Apply root locus. Modern control: Convert ODE to state equation.

Definition of state space representations © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document.

Confidential and proprietary document. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.A first example of Modeling: DC Motor © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

A second example of Modeling: Suspension © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. Confidential and proprietary document. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.

Confidential and proprietary document. All rights reserved. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 .A second example of Modeling: Suspension (2) © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

Confidential and proprietary document.Linear systems : transfer function • Equivalence transfer function . 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.state space representation © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002.

State-Space Representations of Transfer-Function Systems Go to Ogata Book 723 © AIRBUS UK LTD 2002. Confidential and proprietary document. 2009 Subject Name Automotive Automatic Control Month 200X Page 2 . All rights reserved.