Crop Establishment of Tomato

Land Preparation • Plow the field at least 2 times • Plow at a depth of 15-20 cm • Harrow 2 times Mechanical method Conventional method land preparaion using a tractor land preparaion using a moldboard plow .

0 m -Provide 0.Provide 0. .0 m 1.8 m space between ridges Raised bed w/ plastic mulch Furrow for irrigation Furrow for irrigation Planting ridge 0.Construction of beds and furrows  Using Plastic mulch -construct 1.  Conventional method -Construct ridges of alternating 1.8 m 1.8 space between two adjacent beds.0 m wide beds raised at 20 cm height.0 m 0.8 m 1.5 m 0.5 m 0.0 m Field layout when plastic mulch is used Field layout for conventional method using planting ridges (wet season) .

5 kg PCM or any commercial organic fertilizer • 0.Fertilizer management • With plastic mulch Basal Make a small furrow on each side of the constructed beds. or mix them thoroughly with the soil. and source and amount of fertilizer to apply Time of Application 3 and 5 weeks after transplanting (WAT) Drenching Solution 3 tbsp urea (46-0-0) per 15 L water 7 WAT (fruiting stage) 3 tbsp muriate of potash (0-0-60) per 15 L water . Sidedress Drench 170 ml (1 small can of sardines) of fertilizer solution per hill.4 kg ammonium sulfate (21-0-0) • 0.1 kg muriate of potash (0-0-60) • Cover the fertilizers with soil. Follow this recommended schedule. Apply the following fertilizers every 10 linear meters of a planting row: • 0.4 kg ammonium phosphate (16-20-0) • 0.

4 tbsp) urea/hill and 6 g (0. For every 2 adjacent beds Time of Application 3 weeks after transplanting (WAT) Amount of Fertilizer 6 g (0.52 tbsp) muriate of potash (0-0-60)/hill.4 tbsp) urea (46-0-0)/hill. or 120 g (8 tbsp) urea and 120 g (10.5 kg PCM or any commercial organic fertilizer 0.4 tbsp) muriate of potash/10 linear meters planting row 6 WAT . or 120 g (8 tbsp) urea/10 linear meters planting row 6 g (0.4 kg ammonium phosphate (16-20-0) Sidedress • • dibble fertilizer at the midpoint (25 cm) between plants along the rows distribute it evenly in a shallow furrow 20 cm away from each planting row.• Conventional method (unmulched) Basal • • Apply 0.

or by passing a moldboard plow near the edges. . preserves soil moisture. (2) Fasten the edges of the plastic mulch to the soil with bamboo slats spaced 1. and reflects sunlight to repel insect pests hiding under the leaves.Plastic Mulching The use of plastic mulch is an improved technology for tomato production. prevents soil erosion and leaching of fertilizers. Steps in setting up the plastic mulch: (1) Stretch the plastic mulch over the planting bed. with the silver color on top.0 m apart. It controls weeds. cover its edges with soil using a rake. Note: If bamboo slats are not available.

2)Make the holes following any of these three ways: • Using a serrated-lipped tin can (7-10 cm) • Using a hot tin can (7-10 cm) • Using a cutter making holes with serrated tin can punching holes with a hot tin can making holes with a cutter .5 m planting distance 10 cm from the edge on both sides of the plastic mulch and mark the spots.Making Planting holes 1)Measure 0.

• Conventional method -Irrigate the furrows to dissolve the fertilizers applied and minimize direct contact of the seedling roots with the fertilizers. Water the transplants immediately with a sprinkler.     Transplant 21 to 30-day-old seedlings Transplant only one seedling per hole Plant seedlings at 0. .5 m distance between hills.Transplanting • With plastic mulch -Flood the beds two days before transplanting to cool down the soil under the plastic mulch and dissolve the fertilizers applied.

0-1. • Construct a 1. raise tomatoes in trellises to avoid vines and fruits from touching the soil. . one seedling per hole Note: Height of trellis is depend on the variety planted. especially when the plant tissues are injured. Contact with wet soil results to rotting and disease infection.5 m high trellis 3 weeks after transplanting.Trellising • During the wet season.

When fruit have set. • Irrigate after every fertilizer application. . irrigate as the need arises. irigate every 10-14 days interval. irrigate once a week until fruit setting.Water Management • During rainy season. • During dry season.

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8 m .1) Give at least 3 importance of using Plastic mulch? 2) What is the plant population of tomato in 500 m2? Given: Between hills: 0.0 m Between double row:0.5 m Between row :1.

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