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SUBMITTED T0:

LECT. YOGESH TAYAL LECT. KULDEEP SHARMA (EI. DEPT.)

SUBMITTED BY:
RITIKA SAXENA PRIYA DONGRE SAMRADDH S THAKUR RAJAT SHRIVASTAV EI-2, 8th SEM ITM

CONTENTS:
Introduction PLC SCADA Components Working

INTRODUCTION:
This project is based on industrial uses and for

controlling procedure of manufacture in industries. Here we are using PLC and SCADA for controlling the input parameters. This PLC module can work at both analog and digital inputs. In this project we use analog inputs as voltage/current or any kind of analog signal to the PLC. Now interface this to the SCADA and then appear the visualization of variation in input signal at monitor at real time changes.

WORKING IDEA:

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER


Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is a digital

computer used for electromechanical processes. The PLC is design for Multiple inputs and outputs arrangements. Extended temperature ranges. Immunity to electrical noise. Resistance to vibration and impact. A PLC is a example of hard real time system since output results must be produced in response to input condition within a limited time.

PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER


The main difference from other computers Armored for different conditions(heat , dust etc.). Have the facility for extensive (I/O) arrangements.

These connects the PLC with Sensors and Actuators.


On the actuator sides , PLC operates electric motors,

pneumatic and hydraulic cylinders etc. PLC may have extended I/O modules attached to a computer network that plugs into the PLC.

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF PLC

SCADA
SCADA is a type of industrial control system(ICS). ICS are computer control sys that monitor & control

industrial processes that exist in real world. It distinguishes itself from others by being large scale processes that includes Multiple sites. Large distances. These processes include Industrial Infrastructure Facilities-based processes.

SCADA
SCADA system consist of 3 main parts :
Part A: HARDWARE can be PLC or DAQ card & used

to collect sensor data & transfer them to RTU. Part B: SOFTWARE that communicates with hardware & acquire signal data & process it then represent it to user. Part C: COMMUNICATION used to transfer data from RTU to MTU.

SCADA

SCADA VIEW

COMPONENTS

LM 7805 Voltage Regulator +5V. Capacitor. Resistor. LED. IN4007 Diode. Potentiometer. 12V Relay. Transformer. Transistor. Switch.

COMPONENTS
Crystal oscillator.
Solenoid Valve. Analog inputs.

Digital inputs.
MAX 232. LM35 Sensor. IR Sensor module. PCB(Printed Circuit Board)

ATMEGA32(MICROCONTROLLER)
It is a low power 8-bit microcontroller based on RISC

architecture. In a single cycle it achieves throughput approching 1MIPS per Hz. FEATURES: High Performance & Low Power. Advance RISC architecture. High Endurance Non-Volatile Memory Segments. & many more.

CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR
XTAL1 & XTAL2 are the input & output of an inverting

amplifier , which can be configured to use as an Onchip Oscillator. Either a Quartz crystal or ceramic resonator may be used. This reduces power consumption considerably.

CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR

LED
It is a semiconductor light

source. It works in forward biased mode(switch on). APPLICATIONS: Lightning of streets. Laptops & Projectors. Optical fibers. Sensors , etc.

LM7805 VOLTAGE REGULATOR


It is designed for

automatically maintaining a constant voltage level. 78xx is a family of self contained fixed linear voltage regulator. The 78xx line are positive voltage regulator:they produces a voltage that is positive relative to common ground.

CAPACITOR
These components used to store an electrical charge. Sometimes , they are used to smooth the current

within the circuit. A battery will transfer charge from one plate to other until the voltage produced by the charge buildup is equal to the battery voltage.

SOLENOID VALVE
It is an electromechanically operated valve.

They are the most frequently used control elements in

fluidics. Their tasks are to shut off, release, dose, distribute or mixed fluids. Offers fast & safe switching,high reliability & long service life.

RELAY
It is an electromagnetic device which has coil.

When this coil is suppied with power , magnetic field

created & will operate as mechanical switch. Relays are need to use when we have to handle high voltage & current through microcontroller operated system.

TRANSFORMER
Here we are using Step-down Transformer.
They are used in AC systems for the measurement of

current , voltage, power and energy. They are used in conjuction with the other measuring instruments for measuring purposes.

SENSORS
These sensors can be used to detect reflecting white/

silver strips, obstacle detector, flame detection etc. IR Led is used as a source of Infrared rays. Here we are using proximity sensor. It senses the distance between the two ojects.

WORKING

THANK YOU