How Gender Impacts Safe Motherhood

IGWG Training Taskforce: Gender and Safe Motherhood

Safe Motherhood Basics .

– 99% of those deaths occur in the developing world • Another 10–20 million women every year face severe health problems. it is estimated that 536.Childbirth: life-threatening risk for women in the developing world • As of 2005.000 women die yearly from causes related to pregnancy and birth. such as obstetric fistula. .

Common causes of maternal death globally Obstructed Labor 8% Infection 8% Other Direct Causes 11% Other Indirect Causes 25% Eclampsia 13% Unsafe Abortion 14% Severe Bleeding 21% .

Recognizing signs and deciding to seek care 2.The three deadly delays 1. Identifying and reaching a medical facility 3. Receiving adequate and appropriate treatment .

How can maternal deaths be prevented? Priority interventions include: • Skilled attendance at all births • Emergency obstetric care • Reproductive health and family planning services. greater focus on postnatal care . including safe abortion Also.

How can maternal deaths be prevented? (cont. with skilled attendance at all births backed by emergency obstetric care • By 33%.) Global estimates indicate that maternal mortality could be reduced… • By 75%. with voluntary family planning • By 13%. with access to safe abortion .

and country • Decreased economic contributions to household. including increased number of children leaving school • US$15 billion estimated cost of maternal mortality . community.Who does maternal mortality and morbidity affect? – Women – Children of women who die in childbirth • 2–10 times greater likelihood of death within first two years – Family. paid and nonpaid • Psychological and social impact on family.

Key Gender-Related Barriers .

Gender-related barriers to safe motherhood – Poor nutrition • Girls • Pregnant women – Early first pregnancy – Early marriage • Pregnancy-related deaths are the leading cause of mortality for 15–19 year-old girls worldwide. .

Gender-related barriers to safe motherhood (cont.) – Lack of information and education – Restriction of women’s movement outside the home – Gendered division of household labor .

Gender-related barriers to safe motherhood (cont.) Gender-based violence .Female genital cutting .Intimate partner violence against women may increase during pregnancy .

) – Lack of decisionmaking power • Resources for healthcare • How many children to have • Spacing between pregnancies • Use of contraception .Gender-related barriers to safe motherhood (cont.

Gender-related barriers to safe motherhood (cont.) – Exist at many different levels • Individuals • Couples • Families and communities • Health service and other institutions • Policies .

. • In short. they are also often dishonored as human beings. women’s status is a strong predictor of maternal mortality.Safe motherhood related to women’s status • Even though women are honored in all cultures as the givers of life.

Thank You! .

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