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Presented by:Amod D. Khanvilkar Sumit D.

Pawar

The earliest patent on gas turbine was that of the Englishman, John Barber, in year 1879. Early designs were unsuccessful due to some factors.
Serious development of the gas turbine began only after the second world war with the shaft power in mind.

Process 1-2: Isentropic compression in the compressor Process 2-3: Addition of heat at constant pressure Process 3-4: Isentropic expansion of air Process 4-1: Rejection of heat at constant pressure .

.   The only difference is instead of the reciprocating motion. Gas turbine functions in the same way as the Compressed Ignition Engine. gas turbine uses a rotary motion throughout. The fuel is injected and ignited. compresses it. The gases expand doing work and finally exhausts outside. It sucks in air from the atmosphere.

3. .1. Compressor Combuster Turbine 2.

BASIC COMPONENTS .

.1. Compressor The compressor sucks the air from the atmosphere and compresses it and guides it to the combustion chamber.

. The air from the compressor is the Combustion air.2. Combuster This is an annular chamber where the fuel burns and is similar to the furnace in a boiler.

. The kinetic energy of the hot gases impacting on the blades rotates the blades and the shaft.3. Turbine Stationary guide vanes of turbine direct the gases to the next set of blades.

Actual view of gas turbine .

Impulse. Continuous combustion or Constant pressure type 2. Radial flow . Closed cycle gas turbine C. Impluse turbine 2.Reaction turbine D. On basis of action of expanding gases: 1. Open cycle gas turbine 2. On basis of path of working substance: 1. The explosion or constant volume type B. On basis of combustion process: 1. On the basis of direction of flow: 1.A. Axial flow 2.

. Arrangement of continuous replacement of working medium is required. Exhaust from turbine is released in atmosphere.Open Cycle Gas turbine Fresh air is drawn into the compressor from atmosphere. Heat is added by combustion of fuel.

Closed Cycle Gas turbine In this . So we get higher efficiency then open cycle GT. In this there is continuously supply of same working gas. . cycle is closed and exhaust is not open to atmosphere. Higher density gases like hydrogen or carbon dioxide is used.

Applications Applications  Turbojet engines Marine field  Supercharging Railway engines Generation of electric power Industry .

Nearly all the military aircrafts are powered by gas turbine. These are used for the higher generation of power in plane. .

As there is cut off the auxilliary engine gas turbine gets started. Then the exhaust gases are thrown out. . As the speed of the plane increases the compressor gets rotated and compresses the air and that get combusted in combustion chamber.

Working of Gas Turbine .

compared to reciprocating engines. Low lubricating oil cost and consumption. Smaller than most reciprocating engines of the same power rating. Very high power-to-weight ratio. Fewer moving parts than reciprocating engines Low operating pressures & High operation speeds.     .

Longer startup than reciprocating engines. Less efficient than reciprocating engines at idle. Less responsive to changes in power demand compared to reciprocating engines. Higher Cost.    .

 THANK -YOU  .