You are on page 1of 13

Energy from Tides and Waves

Dana Word, Chris Webber, Lacey Doucet, Bekah Beall

murdoch.acre.Turning Tides into Usable Energy • Ebb generating system • A dam (barrage) is built across the mouth of an estuary.html generate electricity.edu. • As the tide ebbs.au/ago/ocean/tidal. . • Sluice gates allow incoming tides to fill the basin. the water is forced through a turbine system to http://www.

murdoch.html http://www.edu.unesco.htm .acre.Types of Turbines Bulb turbine used at La Rance tidal plant on the Brittany coast in France http://www.au/ago/ocean/tidal.org/courier/1998_08/photoshr/33.

acre. Rim turbine used at Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia Tubular turbine proposed for use in the Severn tidal project in Great Britain http://www.au/ago/ocean/tidal.murdoch.Turbines.edu.html . cont.

water is forced through the styles to turn them.au/ago/ocean/tidal.html .html http://abcnews. • Can be used between islands or between a mainland and an island as opposed to only across the mouth of a confined bay.murdoch.com/sections/scitech/DailyNews/tidalpower010404.edu.go. http://www.acre.Other Possibilities • Tidal Fences • Completely blocks a channel so as the tide rises.

fujitaresearch.html#5 http://www.poemsinc.• Tidal Turbines • Only been feasible for about 5 years • Similar to wind turbines.html . http://www.com/reports/tidalpower. they use tidal currents to turn propellers mounted on the seabed to generate power.org/FAQtidal.

au/ago/ocean/wave.acre.edu.murdoch.html .Turning Waves into Usable Energy • Oscillating water column • Incoming waves force air up column to turn the turbine • Outgoing waves suck air down column to turn the turbine http://www.

Tapered Channel System (TAPCHAN) • Waves feed through tapered channel into reservoir and are then fed through a turbine • Kinetic energy of the moving wave is changed to potential energy as water is collected in the reservoir • Concept is similar to that of traditional hydroelectric devices http://www.murdoch.au/ago/ocean/wave.html .edu.acre.

nu/hydroenergy/wave.fujitaresearch.html http://energy. Archimedes) • Salter Duck-Electricity is generated through the movement of the device on the wave (bobbing up and down) http://www.Floating Devices (Salter Duck.shtml .saving.com/reports/tidalpower. Clam.

this is done by creating a dam or barrage. . with no generation at the converse twelve hour mark. across an estuary. so that there is a peak of maximum generation every twelve hours. When there is a difference in water level across the dam.used to determine cost effectiveness and efficiency of tidal power site http://www.iclei. -generation of electricity peaks and ebbs with the tides each day. the gates are opened. water flows through the turbines (creating a hydrostatic head).htm .  Gilbrat Ratio . containing several gates and turbines.org/efacts/tidal. and an electric generator is activated.ratio of annual energy production in kilowatt hours to length of barrage in meters.Wave and Tidal Energy What Can It Be Used For?  The most practical use for tidal energy is for conversion to electricity (similar to hydroelectric dams) .

wisc.html http://www.Advantages • Renewable • Abundant (estimated that it could produce 16% of worlds energy.geology.gov/dbedt/ert/wavereport/wave.) • Pollution free (except during construction) • Relatively consistent (unlike wind that is inconsistent and is highly concentrated in certain areas depending on the topography.) • Water is a free resource • Presents no difficulty to migrating aquatic animals (avoidable) http://www.pdf .hawaii.edu/~pbrown/g410/tidal/tidal.

Disadvantages • Disturbance/Destruction to marine life (effect wave climate that effects shallow/shore plant life) • Expensive to construct (estimated 1. swimming.gov/dbedt/ert/wavereport/wave.geology.) • Cost of Maintenance Higher • Power transmission from offshore facilities harder • Power quality (waves fluctuation) http://www.) • Recreational costs (visual impact.hawaii.html http://www.wisc.edu/~pbrown/g410/tidal/tidal. etc.) • Reliability ( have not been around long so we do not know long-term reliability is.pdf .2 billion dollars. sport fishing.

http://www. large scale tidal power operations are not technologically or economically feasible at the present time. – – – – – France United Kingdom (Apsley Strait) Former Soviet Union Canada United States The extraction of large quantities of tidal energy is possible however.geology. sites suitable for the utilization of tidal power exist in many places around the world. It was not until the twentieth century that large scale tidal projects were considered.Present use of Tidal Energy Tidal power has on a small scale been used through out the history of mankind. Today.edu/~pbrown/g410/tidal/tidal.wisc.html . Tidal sites are therefore limited to more modest developments.