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# Mirror

By :
Aries Triwidajati Soenoko
SMP Negeri 2 Cileunyi
Basic Competence

## Investigate the characteristic of

light and the relation with mirror
and lens
Learning Objectives
After this lesson, student are able to :
2. Drawing of an image through a ruler in
the mirror
3. Mention the characteristics of an image
in the mirror
4. Calculate focus, object, image, and
magnification positions.
Concave Mirror
Characteristic of concave mirror
2. Concave mirror is part of the inner surface of a
hollow sphere
3. Concave mirror product converge ray
4. CM in daily life is used to collect ray, such as : solar
panel,
Reflection of light in CM

Principal axis
M F O
Part of CM
M is geometric center (pusat lingkaran)
R is the sphere radius (jari-jari)
A is the center of mirror (pusat cermin)
MA is the principal axis (sumbu utama)
F is the focal point of the mirror (focus)
FA is the focal lengt (jarak focus)
The focal length is half the distance between the
mirror and the center of curvature M.
Sumbu utama
M F O
Real image
Paralel ray of the sun aor other object are
reflected from a concave mirror at the focal
point (F) of mirror
The focal point become bright on the paper, it is
called image of the sun
An image is real image if rays actualy converge
and pass trough the image
A real image can be seen on a piece of paper or
screen.
Virtual image
A virtual image cannot be seen on a piece of
paper or screen because, light rays do noot
converge at virtual image.
Image of plan mirror is example of virtual
image.
Drawing image on Concave mirror

## Using three kind of rays

2. The ray parallel of principle axis is reflected
through the focal point (F)
3. The ray passing trough F is reflected parallel to
the principle axis
4. The ray passing trough the center of curvature
C is reflected along its same path through C
Three kind of rays

Sumbu utama
M F O
Making image

Sumbu utama
M F O

Inverted, virtual,
smaller
Sumbu utama
M F O

Inverted, virtual,
bigger
Sumbu utama
M F O

Upright, virtual,
bigger
Sumbu utama
M F O

## Tidak terbentuk bayangan

Sumbu utama
M F O

Reverse, virtual,
equal
Making image

III II I IV

Principle axis
M F O

Making image

Sumbu utama
M F O

Sumbu utama
M F O

Sumbu utama
M F O

## Bayangan diperbesar, tegak dan maya

RESUME

Go to menu Go to resume
Convex Mirror
Characteristic of convex mirror
2. Convex mirror is part of the outer surface of a hollow
sphere
3. Convex mirror product diverge ray
4. Convex mirror does not form real image
5. Convex mirror in daily life is used in car, and its is used
in stores to observe shoppers.
6. Focal point (f) is placed behind mirror (the focal length
is a negative number)
Sumbu utama
A F M
A F M
Principle axis
Three kind of light

A F M Sumbu utama
Making image in convex mirror

## Three kind of ray

2. The ray parallel to the principal axis is reflected
as if it is from focal point (f)
3. The ray to focal point is reflected parallel to the
principal axis
4. The ray to the center of curvature M is reflected
along its same path through M
Making image in convex mirror

Sumbu utama
A F M
Sumbu utama
A F M
Sumbu utama
A F M
An equation can also be used to located the
image and find its size. The focal length (f) the
distance of the object from the mirror (S0) and
the distance of the image from the mirror (S1) are
related by the mirror equation :
The ratio of the size of the image (hi) to the size
of the object (h0) is called the magnification (m).
The magnification is related to the distances to
the mirror by equation :

## If Si and S0 positive, the both m and hi are

negative. This means that the image is
inverted.
Resume
f always negative (-)
Convex mirror always form virtual image,
smaller and upright
The object always on the 4th room
Characteristics of Focus of a Concave and a
Convex Mirror
Review
1. A concave mirror has a radius of curvature of 60
cm. Calculate the image position and
magnification of an object placed in front of the
mirror at distances of (a) 90 cm and (b) 20 cm. (c)
Draw ray diagrams to obtain the image in each
case.
2. Calculate the image position and magnification for
an object placed (a) 20 cm and (b) 60 cm in front
of a convex mirror of focal length 40 cm. (c) Use
ray diagrams to locate image positions
corresponding to the object positions in (a) and (b).