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THE TREATIES OF WWI AND THE REACTIONS

- Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Treaty of St Germain with Austria (1919) - Treaty of Trianon with Hungary (1920) - Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria (1919) - Treaty of Svres with Turkey (1920)
Reaction to the treaties: - British - French - USA - Italian - German - Japanese

THE TREATIES:
- Treaty of Versailles (1919) - Treaty of St Germain with Austria (1919) - Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria (1919) - Treaty of Trianon with Hungary (1920)

- Treaty of Svres with Turkey (1920)

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES


Versailles: - Fr, Br, USA > Germany
Forming League of Nations Responsible for starting the war

Reparations cost and damages of the war


Territories Disarmament

TREATY OF VERSAILLES LEAGUE OF NATIONS


Proposed by Wilson in the Fourteen Points Eventually became a key in the other treaties USAs View:
For peace, wanted the League to work like a world parliament

Britains view: Preferred a more loose organisation that met for emergencies

France view:
Thought the League would be more militaristic enforcing treaties, preventing Germany from recovery, intervening in disputes

TREATY OF VERSAILLES RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE WAR


Vital to est. responsibility for the war
In the public mind, Germany was responsible, so it was hard for the leaders @ the conference to say otherwise

A Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on the Enforcement of Penalties, was est.
Consisted of reps from Britain, Belgium, Italy, France, Greece, Poland, Romania, Serbia

War Guilt Clause


Argument for why Germany must pay for the costs of war

Clause 232
Germany must compensate for the damage done to the Allied and Associated population

TREATY OF VERSAILLES REPARATIONS


France:
Prevent Germanys economic recovery

The cost
Britain estimates Germany could pay 24 billion; Br. Economist John Maynard Keynes est. 2 billion max. The sum agreed upon: 6.6 billion

Britain:
Supported German recovery for Economic recovery for Europe and For trade relations

USA
Was loaning money during the war, and had money due.

Form of payments
Gold reserves in German Central Bank not enough Hand over all merchant ships over 1600 tons, of the fishing fleet, 200,000 tonnes of shipping to be built for the Allies; deliver coal and timber to Fr. Bel. And Italy

TREATY OF VERSAILLES TERRITORIES


Situation
Russia German monarchy resigned/exiled Austria-Hungary dissolved

Former German Colonies

Ottoman empire disintegrated


Plus overseas colonies as well

TREATY OF VERSAILLES DISARMAMENT