You are on page 1of 40

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Objectives of Chapter 1
Once the Chapter is successfully completed, a students abilities will include: Identifying the areas of the AutoCAD 2008 screen interface Locating and using the function keys Entering commands through various methods Managing Toolbars Beginning a new drawing through the start from scratch start-up wizard Locating and opening an existing drawing

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Objectives of Chapter 1
Creating a line through several accurate input techniques Setting up running object snaps Using polar tracking for line creation Combining object snaps and polar tracking to locate points on a drawing Creating a basic circle Erasing objects Saving drawings Exiting AutoCAD 2000 drawing session

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

AutoCAD 2008 Drawing Screen


Pull-down menus Standard & Object Properties Toolbars Command Prompt area Status bar Draw and Edit Toolbars

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Standard and Object Properties Toolbars Standard and Object Properties Toolbars Pull-down Menus

Draw and Edit Toolbars

Command Prompt Area

Status bar

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Function Keys
Press on each key to sample effects

F1 - AutoCAD Help Screens F2 - Toggle Text/Graphics Screen F3 - OSNAP On/Off F4 - Toggle Tablet Modes On/Off F5 - Toggle Isoplanes Modes On/Off

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Function Keys
F6 - Toggle Coordinates Modes On/Off
Coordinates has 2 modes when in a drawing command
X,Y coordinates Polar coordinates (Distance<Angle)

F7 - Toggle Grid Modes On/Off F8 - Toggle Ortho Modes On/Off F9 - Toggle Snap Modes On/Off F10 - Toggle Polar Modes On/Off F11 - Toggle Object Snap Tracking Modes On/Off

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Choosing Commands in AutoCAD


Methods of choosing commands
Pick from pull-down menu Select from Toolbar Type command on Command Prompt Line

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Pull-down Menus
Select pull-down through left mouse button Move mouse to command and click left button to select command

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Tool Bar Selection


Coolbars = Toolbars Use mouse to track over Toolbar image for button detection Left mouse button click will select command

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Command Prompt Line


Located at bottom of screen Left click in command prompt area and type in command Press Enter key to input command

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Activating Tool Bars


Click right mouse button on any toolbar button to bring up the toolbar activation menu
In R2008, click View from pull-down menu and select Toolbar

Pick toolbar menu and apply to activate it

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Right Mouse Clicking


It will get you everywhere!

Command and area specific menus will appear upon right mouse clicking The default Right mouse click menu is shown on the right

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Right Mouse Click Menus


Short-Cut menus will appear within a command (All commands) The Default editing menu appears on the right

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Icon Menus
Used for selection purposes of graphic objects
Pick a picture to select a hatch pattern

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Command Aliases
Used for speed by experienced users Eliminates the need to remember and type the full command name
Over 75 different command aliases can be input at the command prompt line Can be customized to add or change commands

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Starting a New Drawing


Create a New Drawing dialogue box
At the beginning of an AutoCAD session Select NEW file from pull-down or Toolbar

Four Options
Open an existing drawing Start from scratch Use a template Use a Wizard

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Opening an Existing Drawing


Choose OPEN from FILE pull-down or use opening an existing drawing in the startup dialogue
Drawing files have extensions of .dwg

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Line Command - Quick Start


Open Book to Page ??? (drawing Techniques)
This will allow you to follow along!

Choose Line Command


Or type L at command prompt

How many points does it take to draw a line?


Use the left mouse to pick points

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Line Command - Quick Start


Use the right mouse button or enter key to stop drawing lines Close option creates a line between active segments
Only works with 2 or more active segments

Typing a U while the line command is active will undo the last segment of the line

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Line Command
Drawing lines to accurate distances
Direct Distance mode (Point and Shoot) Point the crosshairs in the needed direction and type the distance that the line should be

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Object Snaps
Uses geometry to location specific positions
Activation of Object Snaps (one time use only)
Typing the first 3 letters of the object snap name Holding down the shift key while clicking the right mouse button

Clipart of mouse& Keyboard

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Object Snaps
Types of Object Snaps
Center
Center of circle or arc

Endpoint
End of line or arc

Extension
Extends lines & arcs by a temporary path

From
Must be used with another Object snap to establish a reference point

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Object Snaps
Insert
Locates an insertion point of an object

Intersection
Finds the common intersection point between 2 objects

Extended Intersection
Locates the intersection between objects that do not touch

Midpoint
Locates the middle of arcs & lines

Node
Snaps to a point

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Object Snaps
Parallel
Assists in constructing a line parallel to another

Perpendicular
Snaps to an angle of 90 to the selected object

Quadrant
Finds the 0, 90, 180, and 270 locations about a circle

Tangent
Assists in creating lines, arcs or circles tangent to another object

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Object Snap
Deferred Tangent
Occurs when multiple tangent selections are needed to complete a task [ex. Drawing a line tangent to 2 circles requires 2 tangent picks, one for each circle, the first tangent selection is a deferred selection (line does not appear) until both tangents have been selected]

Object Snap Tracking


Allows the user to select more than one object snap location to determine a specific position. [ex. Use for finding the center of a rectangle in conjunction with the midpoint object snap]

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Running Object Snaps


The object snaps that never stop working for you
Activate from Tools pull-down, drafting settings Right click on OSNAP button on status bar On/Off by OSNAP button

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Polar Tracking
Assists in creating orthogonal lines (ORTHO) at specific angles
Set up in drafting settings On / Off by POLAR button

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Polar Tracking & Tracking Points


Set the angle of usage and draw a line
A tool tip will appear showing both distance and angle of the line (Only shows up when line is equal to the angle setting)

Use in conjunction with Object Snaps


Creates temporary tracking points Very powerful tool Hold cross hair on an object to acquire a tracking point
To remove an acquired point, pass crosshairs back over it

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Tracking Points
Tracking points created with Midpoint Object Snaps

Tool tip showing intersection of 2 tracking points

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Other Methods of Accurate Input


Cartesian Coordinates
Sounds like math, and it is exactly the same as in math Input as either Absolute or Relative Coordinates
Absolute X,Y Relative @X,Y

Polar Coordinates (aka: Vector Coordinates)


Used to input a distance and the direction angle Format: @Distance<Angle

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Other Methods of Accurate Input


Polar Coordinates
To draw a line that is 4 inches long at 45 degrees the polar coordinate would look like: @4.00<45

Designers will use combinations of all methods of input to create a drawing

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Circle Command
Activate from Draw pull-down
Multiple options to create a circle
Center, Radius Center, Diameter Other options (2 point, 3 point, Tangent) covered in Geometric Constructions Unit

A minimum of 2 points needed to create circle.


Select the center point Type the Radius or Diameter distance at the next prompt

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Erasing Objects
Removes objects from your drawing
Activate from Modify pull-down
Prompt will appear to. select objects Cursor changes to selection box

Ways to select objects for erasure


Pick with selection box Create a window to select multiple objects Standard Window (objects must be inside window) Crossing Window (objects can touch or be inside window) Type ALL to select everything visible on screen

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Erasing Objects

Point 1

Point 2

Selection Box

Point 2

Point 1

Crossing Window

Standard Window

Crossing windows are created by picking points from Right to Left Standard windows are created by picking points from Left to Right

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Ex. 1-1:

Recreate the following diagram (unit: meters)

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Saving a Drawing File


Save
Saves drawing to current name (Quick save)
Allows user to input name if drawing has never been saved

Saveas
Allows input of a drawing name or location every time Provides the ability to change file saving version
R14, R13, R12 (and corresponding AutoCAD LT products) Drawing Template

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Help
Activate from Help pull-down
Has 3 areas
Contents Index (default) Find

Type topic or command on the index tab to locate help on the topic typed. Better yet - Use the index in the book and really understand the problem you are trying to solve!

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Exiting an AutoCAD 2008 Session


Close
Closes the drawing but does not leave the software

Exit
Closes the drawing AND leaves the software

Both give an extra chance to save the changes in your work.

DMM 1512 COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN SEM 2/0910

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PAHANG

Chapter 1 Getting Started with AutoCAD 2008

Ex. 1-2: Recreate the following diagram (unit: mm)