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The Literature of China, Japan and India

Introduction

Welcome to china !!!


Introduction

The National Anthem of CHINA


The flag of China was officially adopted on October 1, 1949.

The red of the Chinese flag symbolizes the communist


revolution, and it's also the traditional color of the people. The large gold star represents communism, The four smaller stars represent the social classes of the people. In addition, the five stars together reflect the importance placed on the number five in Chinese thought and history.

Chinas Geography

The People's Republic of China Area: 9,600,000 sq. km Population: 1.3 billion

Capital City: Beijing


National Flag: Five-Stars-Red-Flag Location: middle and East Asia, bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean Territorial Seas: the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea Climate: mainly continental monsoon climate (Tibet: vertical climate zone)

Historical context
Chinese history is generally

divided into dynasties or


periods during which particular family or group of people reigned.

Chinese states were unified


into a large empire with a central government.

Cultural context
Chinese religious attitudes and and beliefs were shaped by 3

philosophical schools:
Taoism
Confucianism Buddhism

Confucianism
Tried to teach students to become true gentlemen- morally and spiritually Must conduct oneself in a virtuous

manner, those in power serve as


models Heaven is the supreme moral authority

, which dictates how one must live.

Tradition and Culture


Chinese Dances: *Classical dance *Traditional Dance *Buddha Dance

Chinese Folksong *Your Collar

Chinese Wedding Traditions


Some time before the couple are married, the groom's

family carries wedding gifts in red baskets and boxes to


the bride's house. One of the baskets will contain "uang susu" or 'milk money'. Others will contain personal things for the bride, so that on her wedding day all of her personal belongings will be in the groom's house. The bride takes the gifts to another room where they

are sorted through. Three days before the wedding day,


women from the bride's family reciprocate, bearing gifts -- including some 'returns'-- in red wrappings to the groom's family.

Chinese Festivals
Event: Chinese New Year Date: The first day of a year in lunar calendar, usually between late Jan and early Feb Activities: fireworks display, visiting

and greeting, Yangke dancing, lion and


dragon dancing, holding temple fairs and many other great folklore-

inspection events.

Chinese Festivals
Event: Lantern Festival Date: 15th of the first

lunar month
Activities: Lanterns expositions, garden parties, firework displays and folk dances. The New Year celebrations ended on the 15th of the First Moon with the Lantern Festival. In the legend, the Jade Emperor in Heaven was so angered at a town for killing his favorite goose, that he decided to destroy it with a storm of fire.

Chinese Festivals
Event: Dragon Boat Festival Date: Date: 5th day of the 5th lunar month

Activities: Dragon Boat races


and eating Zong Zi (pyramid

shaped rice wrapped in reed or


bamboo leaves

Chinese Food and Cooking


Confucius once said: "Eating is the

utmost important part of life".


Food is a central part of the Chinese culture.

Chinese cuisine is one of the


greatest methods of cooking. The Chinese people enjoy eating

good food at all levels of society, so


cooking has developed into a very sophisticated art.

Chinese cuisine is noted for the following characteristics:


Vegetables are the main ingredients. The Chinese people like well-prepared food. Chinese also like to eat together, a tradition that can be traced back a long time ago. Tea drinking is an integral part of

Chinese life and the Chinese food


experience.

Education
A good education has always been highly valued in China, as the people believe that education ensures not only the future and development of the individual but also the family and the country as a whole.

The great master Confucius taught that 'it is a pleasure to learn something and to try it out at intervals'. Similarly, numerous students have been convinced that

'reading books excels all other careers'.

The Chinese Alphabet


In the Chinese alphabet, small letters are letters, and vice versa. A written i like capital
J ji K L ki i l

B C D E F G H I

b x d y i f j i ch i

M N O

i m i n

P
Q R S T U V W X Y Z

p
j w i r i s t y w wi du bi r wi y k s w i zi d

Chinese Money and Counting

The 100 yuan note has pictures of four of the founders of the People's Republic of China. From right to left these are: Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhu De.

End of Chinese Literature

Introduction Overview of Japan Japans National Anthem

Early Beginnings
Original prehistoric inhabitants were of Polynesian stock, called Ainu. The Ainu were displaced by people of Mongolian background around 500 CE. This gave rise to the first dominant clan called the Yamato.

According to Shinto belief, Jimmu is regarded as a direct descendant of the sun goddess, Amaterasu and claimed the title of Emperor.

Loss of Central Authority


Powerful families & Buddhist leaders began to challenge the central government Regional rulers with their own armies gained power.

Loss of Central Authority


Mini-states, or shogunates, took the place of the central government.

Japanese Feudal Period


From the 1000s to the 1500s, Japan was in the Era of Warrior Dominance or its feudal period. Though there was an emperor, real power was with the shoguns and their samurai armies.

The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!

Feudal Society

Castles

Osaka Castle

Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle

Caernorfon Castle, Wales

Warwick Castle, England

Folksong Traditional Dance Traditional Clothes

Code of Bushido

Code of Chivalry

* Fidelity

* Justice * Loyalty * Defense

* Politeness
* Virility * Simplicity

* Courage
* Faith

* Humility
* Nobility

Medieval Warriors

vs.

European knight

Samurai Warrior

Medieval Warriors

vs.

Knights Armor

Samurai Armor

Samurai Sword

Full Samurai Attire

Foods Wedding Dos and Donts

End of Japanese Literature

INDIA
Mera Bharath Mahaan

Introduction Overview

States & territories


28 States 7 Union Territories

East India

South India

West India

North India

5,000 year old civilization


325 languages spoken 1,652 dialects

18 official languages
29 states, 5 union territories

3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area


7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1,000,000,000 people in 2000

Parliamentary form of Government


Secular democratic constitution Worlds largest democracy since 55 years 4th largest economy

Fastest growing IT super power


Indian Railways ,the biggest employer in the world.

THE TRINITY

Generates-Brahma
Observes-Vishnu

Destroys-Shiva

The Great Indian Epics

Ramayana

Mahabharata
Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas

The first Indian epic

Indus Valley Civilization- one of the worlds first great urban civilizations.

Harappa Civilization- 2700BC

Worlds first university in Takshila 700 B.C Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans

Sanskrit Language most suitable for computer software

Yoga- Made in India

Origin 5000 BC
Documented by 200 BC 300 AD

15th August , 1947 Indian Independence

National Anthem
26th January , 1950 Republic- India

National Emblem

Truth alone triumphs

NATIONAL ANIMAL

National Bird - Peacock

National Flower - Lotus

Great Indian Personalities

Aryabhatta

Invented the Zero

Mahatma Gandhi

Father of the nation


Embodiment of Non- Violence

Mother Teresa

1979 Nobel Prize in Peace

Indias Cultural Diversity- Art

Music
Bollywood Soundtracks Indian pop albums Pakistani rock bands Foreign (american) music Classical indian music

Ethnic Song of India

Cuisine

Fashion

Fashion

DANCE FORMS

45 folk dances

7 Classical Dance forms * bollywood * Devdas

Places of historic importance

Tirumala - Tirupati
Worlds richest temple

Saint Thomas Cathedral


Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543

The Golden Temple

Jamma Masjid The biggest mosque in India

Thousand pillar temple

Gateway of India

Jantar Mantar 1716


Modernistic structures to observe the movement of stars

Mysore Palace
Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs

Buddha Statue
Largest monolithic statue in Asia

Dal Lake
Jewel in the crown of Kashmir

The Taj Mahal

Indian Wedding

End of Indians Literature

The Reporters:
oJunilyn C. Samoya oWinona Faiza Samuel oPerez, Betty Jane oGizelle Santos Jasim
Thank you