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What is the cardiovascular system comprised of?

HEART-muscular pumping device

System of Vessels Arteries-blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

Veins- blood vessels that carry blood to the heart

Capillaries-connect arterioles and venules


The cardiovascular system plays a vital role in the transportation of important substances between tissues and organs. These include important bodily processes such as the exchange of gases and elimination of waste products. With blood being the basic medium, a sophisticated network of blood vessels work symbiotically with the pumping action of the heart to carry materials around the body.

FUNCTIONS OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM The function of the cardiovascular system is to circulate blood, thereby maintaining an internal environment in which all the cells of your body are nourished. As your heart pumps blood, blood vessels carry oxygen and nutrients to body cells. At the same time, carbon dioxide is carried, along with waste matter, from your cells. Carbon dioxide is delivered to your lungs and waste products to the kidneys for removal from the body.

The 4 Chambers of the Heart Right Atrium- returns blood from all parts of the body to the heart

Left Atrium- receives the oxygenated blood from the lungs and sends it to the left ventricle
Right Ventricle- receives blood from the right atrium and forces it through the heart

Left Ventricle- pumps the oxygenated blood from the left atrium through the body

Coronary Arteries
Right Coronary Artery supplies the right atrium and ventricle, and branches into the posterior descending artery

Posterior Descending Artery supplies the bottom portion of the left ventricle and back of the septum

Circumflex Artery supplies blood to the left atrium and the side and back of the left ventricle
Left Anterior Descending Artery supplies the front and bottom of the left ventricle and the front of the septum

Left Coronary Artery descends into the circumflex artery and the left anterior descending artery

More Parts of the Heart.


is the largest artery in the body and starts from the left ventricle then divides into other arteries throughout the body
Pulmonary Arteries transport blood from the heart to the lungs, it is the only artery that contains deoxygenated blood

Superior Vena Cava carries deoxygenated blood from the upper body to the right atrium

Inferior Vena Cava carries deoxygenated blood from the lower half of the body into the heart

Heart Valves
Atrioventricular Valves Tricuspid Valve- prevents the back flow of blood as while is pumped from the right atrium to the right ventricle Mitral Valve- prevents the back flow of blood while it is pumped from the left atrium to the left ventricle
Semilunar Valves Aortic valve- prevents the back flow of blood while it is pumped from the left ventricle to the aorta Pulmonary valve- Prevents the back flow of blood while it is pumped from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery

Cardiovascular diseases include.

coronary heart disease (heart attacks)- the failure of coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. cerebrovascular disease-group of brain dysfunctions related to disease of blood vessels supplying the brain hypertension- raised blood pressure

peripheral artery disease-collator for all diseases caused by the obstruction of large peripheral arteries
rheumatic heart disease- involves damage to the entire heart and its membranes congenital heart disease- problem with the heart's structure and function due to abnormal heart development before birth heart failure


Maintain good cholesterol levels Maintain a good blood pressure level Minimize stress Floss your teeth No excessive sugar No smoking Supplements Herbs and essential oils Be aware of related diseases


The Respiratory System

The cardiovascular system works in conjunction with the Respiratory System to transport oxygenated blood throughout the body, most notably.

The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Systems

Also, works in conjunction with the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic nervous system to provide blood to areas in body that need it. (fear, flight, or fight response) for example.

The cardiovascular system is the most vital system of the human body, for it handles the transfer and exchange of substances, such as nutrients, wastes, oxygen, and carbon dioxide, between the environment and the cells that function in tissues.