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Internet Today

Vint Cerf

April 2009
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The Original
ARPANET 940
Dec 1969
#2 #4
SRI UTAH

#3 PDP
360
UCSB 10

#1 Sigma
UCLA 7

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First Three-Network Test of Internet

November 22, 1977
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Internet 1999

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Internet - Global Statistics 2009

625,226,456 hosts
(ftp.isc.org/www/survey/reports/current/
Jan 2009)

1,596 Million Users
(InternetWorldStats.com, March 31, 2009)

(approx. 3.5 B mobiles and >1 Billion PCs)

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Regional Internet Statistics 3/31/2009
Region Internet %
Population penetration
Asia 657.1 Mil. 17.1 %
Europe 393.4 Mil. 48.9 %
North Am. 251.3 Mil. 74.4 %
LATAM/C 173.6 Mil. 29.9 %
Mid-East 45.9 Mil. 23.3 %
Oceania 20.8 Mil. 60.3 %
Africa 54.2 Mil. 5.6 %
TOTAL 1,596.3 Mil. 23.8 % 6
IPv4 runout diagram (Geoff Huston)

http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/index.html 7
IPv6

•128 bits of address space

340 X 1036 unique addresses

•IPSEC not optional

•Flow ID

• ipv6.google.com (animated Google logo)

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Mobility and Mobiles

• 3.5 Billion Mobiles and counting (15% Internet enabled)
• Text/Web Access
• Payment systems
• Innovative interfaces - Note I/O discovery
• Navigation systems
– GPS, Galileo?, Mobile Tower triangulation, Bldg Announcements?
• Geo-location based services (Lake Powell example/saffron)

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Internet-enabled Devices

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An Internet of Things

Programmable – Java, Python, etc.

Examples:
• WebTV, Personal Digital Assistants, Mobiles,Video games,
Picture Frames, Washing Machines, Surf Board!
• Refrigerator (and the bathroom scales)
• Automobiles
• Internet-enabled wine corks (also note new quantum theory of
wine: Schrödinger’s wine bottle)
• Internet-enabled socks (clothing)
• Universal Remote Controls
• Sensor Networks

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Typical Sensor Status Report

Node Status-----------

Bedroom2              (5:56:21 am) 2.90V        76 ー F   46 %      21 lux

Master Bedroom        (6:00:22 am) 2.90V        73 ー F   49 %      10 lux

Library               (5:59:17 am) 2.89V        72 ー F   52 %       7 lux

Kitchen               (6:00:01 am) 2.89V        74 ー F   49 %      18 lux

wine cellar           (5:59:27 am) 2.86V        57 ー F   81 %      10 lux

Dining Room           (5:59:49 am) 2.87V        72 ー F   52 %       7 lux

Living Room           (6:00:23 am) 2.92V        73 ー F   50 %       7 lux

Bedroom1              (5:59:42 am) 2.94V        76 ー F   46 %      21 lux

Bedroom4              (5:59:16 am) 2.92V        74 ー F   50 %      29 lux

Basement Entertain    (5:59:39 am) 2.87V        69 ー F   53 %      14
lux

Basement Office       (5:58:13 am) 2.91V        68 ー F   55 %       0 lux
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Near Term Changes

•IPv6 - 128 bit addresses (3.4 X 10^38)

•DNSSEC (.se, .pr, .bg, .br, others?)
• Internationalized Domain Names
– Non-Latin Unicode characters
– Potential hazards (e.g. paypal, .py (paraguay or russia?))
• New ccTLDs and gTLDs
– ISO 3166-1 (ASCII 2 char) -> iCCTLDs
– New generic, non-Latin TLDs

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Cloud Computing

• Multiple Data Centers (replication, responsiveness)
• Dynamic capacity sharing
• Data sharing (“latest copy is always in the cloud”
• Video and audio conferencing with data sharing
• Applications
– Google Gmail
– Google Docs (text, spreadsheets, presentations)
– Widgets of all kinds
– Salesforce.com
– Google Maps and Earth
– Google AdWords and AdSense
– Google 411 (voice activated) to find businesses

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Unexpected Businesses

• Avatar design for Second Life
• Character maintenance in World of Warcraft
• Apartment finder in Dallas, Texas (with Google Maps)
• eBay - aggregation of thinly spread auction participants
• Remote speech to text transcription
• Mobile phone renting by the call (what about Skype?)
• Solar powered Internet café
• VolunteerMatch
• Blogging with AdSense
• Mashups of all kinds

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Policy and Societal Issues

• Personal Privacy

• Non-discriminatory access to Internet (“net neutrality”)

• Fraud, Abuse (spam, malware, stalking, botnets…)

• Intellectual property practices

• Broadband infrastructure (competition?)

• Generality of the Internet (all media)

• WWW as a “copying engine”

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InterPlaNetary Internet

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Interplanetary Internet:“InterPlaNet” (IPN)

•Planetary internets

•Interplanetary Gateways

•Interplanetary Long-Haul Architecture (RFC 4838)
– Licklider Transport Protocol (LTP)
– Bundle Protocol (RFC 5050)
• Delayed Binding of Identifiers
• Email-like behavior

•TDRSS and NASA in-space routing

•Delay and Disruption Tolerant Protocols
– Tactical Mobile applications (DARPA)
– Civilian Mobile applications (SameNet!)
– Deep Impact Testing October 2008
– Space Station Testing 2009

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•End-to-end information flow across the solar system
•Layered architecture for evolvability and
interoperability
•IP-like protocol suite tailored to operate over long
round trip light times
•Integrated communications and navigation services

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