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ESTIMATION OF CHANGES IN GROUNWATER STORAGE USING RECESSION CURVE METHOD

By Sujay Raghavendra N
12WR10F

OVERVIEW
OBJECTIVE

INTRODUCTION
STUDY AREA METHODOLOGY DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS CONCLUSIONS REFERENCES

OBJECTIVE
The objective of the present study was to quantify the

sub watershed wise changes in ground water storage by using ground water levels.

INTRODUCTION
During dry weather, water stored in the catchment is

removed from soil by ground-water drainage and by evapotranspiration. These processes proceed at different rates in time and space, and are not readily quantified.
The gradual depletion of discharge during periods with

little or no precipitation constitutes the drainage or recession rate, graphically presented as the recession curve.

Recession curve, period and segment.

STUDY AREA
The Study area is near to coast of Mangalore located at

mouth of Gurupur River. Gurpura River Basin has 2000 ha wetland. Our study area is situated near the mouth of the river with an area about 192 sq km among that two sub catchments taken for the study, where the wetlands are present. Details of the areas are shown in the table 1.

METHODOLOGY
Establishment of recession equation.

Contd
Specific yield from recession curve

Estimation of specific yield (Sy) of an area (A) is necessary in order to quantify the amount of ground water outflow during the Non-monsoon season. In this study an attempt has been made to estimate an average value of Specific yield by recession curve method for non-monsoon season.

Where, d- Total drawdown (m) t- Time period (days) - Recession constant (m/day)

Contd
Changes in groundwater storage

Change in groundwater storage describes the difference in groundwater volume between two time periods. Change in groundwater storage is calculated by multiplying the difference in groundwater elevation between two monitoring periods, by the area overlying the groundwater basin, and the average storativity (specific yield in an unconfined aquifer)
Where, G - Change in the Ground water storage (ha-m) h - Change in Ground Water Fluctuations (m) A - Area of Influence (ha) Sy - Specific Yield (%)

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS.

COMPUTATION OF GROUND WATER STORAGE


Estimation of Specific yield using Recession curve method.

Recession Curve with Exponential Trend line for open well-2

Recession Curve with Exponential Trend line for open well-6

Recession Curve with Exponential Trend line for open well-5

Values of and Sy computed from recession curve

Calculation of Depth of fluctuation for well no: 6 of Catchment A

Calculation of Change in groundwater storage for well-6 of Catchment A

Calculation of Depth of fluctuation for well no: 5 of Catchment B

Calculation of Change in groundwater storage for well-5 of Catchment B

CONCLUSIONS
Very less change of groundwater change is observed,

it ranges from 15.94 mm in the month of Nov, 27.35 mm in the month of may for sub catchment-A and 17.02 mm during Nov and 46.01 mm during may for catchment-B The GEC, 1997 has recommended the specific yield range of 2 to 4 per cent for the lateritic provinces. The currently estimated is being 3.8%.

REFERENCES.
Hall, F.R. (1968). Baseflow recession- A Review. water resource. Res., 4(5),

973-983.
Healy, R.W. and P.G. Cook. 2002. Using groundwater levels to estimate the

recharge. Hydrogeology Journal, 10 (1): 91-109.


Kumar C.P.(1997). Estimation of natural ground water recharge. ISH J.

Hydraulic Eng., 3(1). 61-74.


Groundwater Resource Estimation Committee (GEC). 1997. Water resource

estimation methodology 1997. Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India. of specific yields and continuum transmissivities. J.Hydrology., 174:331-355.

Shevenel, L. (1996). Analysis of Well Hydrographs In A Karst Aqufer: estimation

Udayakumar, G.(2008) Subsurface Barriers For Water Conservation In Lateritic

Formations Ph.D. thesis, NITK, Surathkal, India.

Vaishali, S (2009) Studied on Saltwater Intrusion In The Coastal Dakshina

Kannada District, Karnataka, Ph.D. thesis, NITK Surathkal, India.

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