Firearms UNLOADED Action OPEN On the table in front of you

in the classroom

FIRST Steps Orientation (Pistol)
Welcome & Registration

Firearms Instruction, Responsibility & Safety Training

Lesson 1


Pistol Parts & Nomenclature

Pistol Operation

NRA Gun Safety Rules

Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction


Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it.


Pistol Parts…Revolvers Lesson 1  Frame • • • • Grip panels Back strap Trigger guard Rear sight Action  Barrel • • • • Bore Rifling Muzzle Front sight •Trigger •Hammer •Cylinder •Chamber •Cylinder release latch •(Loading gate) •(Ejector rod) .

Pistol Parts…Semi-automatics Lesson 1  Frame       Safety Slide lock (De-cocker) Grip panels Back strap Trigger guard Action  Barrel     Bore Chamber Rifling Muzzle Hammer Slide Sights Ejection port Magazine Magazine release Trigger .

Lesson 1 Pistol Operation  Loading •Cocking •Uncocking •Unloading .

Parts & Operation Review  Safety Rules Pistol Parts Pistol Operation   .Lesson 1 – Safety.

Lesson 2  Ammunition Considerations  Shooting Fundamentals .

Make sure you have the correct ammunition! Ammunition  Box Cartridge case Barrel or slide   .

Potential ammunition malfunctions Ammunition  Misfire  Hangfire .

Potential ammunition malfunctions Ammunition Squib load .

Shooting Fundamentals Physical Characteristics  Dominant eye? Shooting hand? The opposite strengths problem   .

Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals 1. Position 2. Trigger Squeeze 6. Follow Through . Grip (fit) 3. Sight Alignment 4. Breath Control 5.

Shooting Fundamentals 1. Position Consistency Balance Support NPA (Natural Point of Aim) Comfort - - - - - .

Shooting Fundamentals 2. Grip .“V” high on the backstrap .Thumbs on the same side of the pistol .Thumb & middle finger touch -Wrap the four fingers of weak hand around lower three fingers of the strong hand -.Lower three fingers wrap & hold .

Sight Alignment .Shooting Fundamentals 3.

front sight and rear sight aligned  ―Six o’clock‖ hold.Shooting Fundamentals 3. Sight Alignment  Target. or ―center of mass‖ hold .

Sight Alignment Focus is on the… front sight .Shooting Fundamentals 3.

Breath Control Body movement affects the shot So… quiet yourself Breathing requires muscle movement So… shoot between breaths Breathe out part way. hold.Shooting Fundamentals 4. . and shoot. Don’t hold your breath too long or muscle tremors will create movement and disrupt the shot.

Trigger Squeeze Don’t use the “P” word!!! Gradually increasing pressure until the mechanism releases SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots .Shooting Fundamentals 5.

Breath Control 5. Position 2.Shooting Fundamentals The Six Fundamentals 1. Grip (fit) 3. Trigger Squeeze 6. Sight Alignment 4. Follow Through .

Lesson 2 .Ammunition & Fundamentals Review  Proper Ammo Malfunctions Hand/eye choice Fundamentals    .

Practical Exercise on the Range Lesson 3 Safety rules Range commands Learning a position Common problems Shoot the exercise Review & critique .

Always keep the gun unloaded until you’re ready to use it. Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction 2. Always keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. . 3.NRA Gun Safety Rules 1.

Other Safety Rules Be sure the gun is safe to operate Know how to use the gun safely Use only the correct ammunition Know your target and what is beyond it Wear hearing and eye protection Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons *** Other rules may apply! .

Introduction to Shooting Range Commands & Procedures ―Load‖ or ―Load xx rounds‖ ―Commence Firing‖ ―Cease Firing‖ Problem? Malfunction? Dropped ammo? .

Introduction to Shooting Learning a Position  Study the position Practice without a pistol Practice with an unloaded pistol Test the position by live firing    .

Introduction to Shooting At the Firing Point TAKE YOUR TIME.  Focus on safety and the shooting fundamentals.  . KEEP YOUR COOL. Strive for consistent shot groups.

Introduction to Shooting Common Problems  Flinching— anticipating the shot  Jerking— uneven trigger pull  Fatigue— man. this is work! .

Lesson 3 .Practical Exercise on the Range Review  Bench rest Position One Round Exercise 5/6/10 Round Exercise Two-handed Standing Position    .

Now that you can shoot… Lesson 4 Cleaning Storage Next Steps .

Pistol Cleaning Safety Guidelines  Ammunition must not be present in the area The gun must be unloaded   The action must be open .

corrosion and wear Make sure pistol is correctly assembled and functions properly    .Pistol Care & Cleaning Purpose of Cleaning  Remove powder residue Remove rust & crud Protect the pistol from rust.

Pistol Cleaning Materials Needed        Soft cloth Cleaning rod Cleaning rod attachments Cloth patches Small brush Bore cleaner Gun oil .

Pistol Cleaning Procedures 1. Field strip (take down into major parts groups) for cleaning (Your firearm’s manual tells you how far to go) .

light oil) .Pistol Cleaning Procedures 2. Brush major parts (wet?) and wipe off powder residue with cloth 4. Brush bore with a wet brush 5. Wet down bore with a wet patch 3. Clean bore with dry patches until they come out clean 6. Wipe parts clean and lightly lubricate including bore (one patch.

e.Pistol Cleaning Procedures 7. Store with springs relaxed. especially safeties? Does it operate in single & double action? Does it operate with a magazine removed? 8. trigger released. etc. Reassemble and check function Are all parts correctly installed—nothing left over? Do all features work. . hammer down. I.

drinking or smoking while shooting or cleaning firearms  After shooting and cleaning firearms wash hands and face before eating or drinking. Change clothes and shower after a shooting session  .Health and Hygiene Considerations  Avoid eating.

Separate guns from ammunition .Trigger lock .NRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons Pistol Storage 1. LOCK IT UP! .Lockable gun case or rug .Any lockable box 2.

NRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons Pistol Storage Lock Box Safe .

don’t lose bullets First practice skills you’re weak in.How to keep what you’ve learned: Practice. Accuracy first. Use big close targets. practice. then speed! Next Steps . practice.

Next Steps Additional Training  NRA Basic Pistol Shooting Course  NRA Personal Protection Course Competitive shooting (IPSC. SASS. etc.) .  IDPA.