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Analog Control / Digital Control

Analog Control Analog Control In analog control, PID computation is carried out with an electric current or voltage by a hardware. It is very hard to change the control algorithm. High accuracy computations used for the advanced control are also difficult.



Deviation –

PID unit PID


PROCESS (including control valve )

Process variable


Sensor and Transmitter

Numerical Data

Digital Control

Digital Control In digital control, PID computation is carried out by a software. It is easy to change the control algorithm. High accuracy computations used for the advanced control are also easy.



Deviation –


D/A & hold

PROCESS (including control MV valve )

Process variable




Sensor and Transmitter




Alarm Report Operator Station (monitoring and logging) A/D MPX I/O Buffer CPU (Computer) I/O Buffer D/A MPX SPC INPUT UNIT (Setpoint Control) OUTPUT UNIT SV PV SV SV SPC (Setpoint Control) Then the computer was used for setting optimum setpoints on individual controllers.Centralized Control System Logger At the initial stage. DDC (Direct Digital Control) And then a single computer is used to executes control computations for controlling multiple control loops. a computer was used as a logger only for the monitoring and logging. MV TE33Q4T30-01E 2 YOKOGAWA .

Signal conversion Analog input Analog output TE33Q4T30-01E 3 YOKOGAWA . Each signal conversion module in the node (I/O processing unit) has a CPU.Distributed Control System (1) Node Communication module I/O Image Input module Output module The concept of I/O processing of the distributed control system. Isolato r Isolato r Data/Communication processing A/D conversion CPU Data/Communication processing D/A conversion V/I conversion CPU I/O signal processing is distributed.

I/O Image Node Node I/O Image I/O I/O Image I/O I/O Field Control Station Plant A TE33Q4T30-01E Field Control Station Plant B 4 Field Control Station Utility YOKOGAWA . Node Control processing is distributed. CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU I/O Image I/O Image Independent control stations for each plant.Distributed Control System (2) Distributed control and centralized operation & monitoring Control Network FCU FCU FCU The concept of computation processingI/O of Image the distributed control system.

The CENTUM CS 3000 R3 features sophisticated functions and components to meet all production state requirements.CENTUM CS Lineup • CENTUM CS 3000 R3 DCS based on Windows for large-scale factories The new production control system of Yokogawa. It is specifically designed for the requirements for the middle and small scale plants. • CENTUM CS DCS based on UNIX for large-scale factories The CENTUM CS was put on market in 1993. the CENTUM CS proudly keeps its overwhelming high reliability. Since then. • CENTUM CS 1000 R3 DCS based on Windows for small.and medium-scale factories The CENTUM CS 1000 R3 has the same architecture as CS 3000. TE33Q4T30-01E 5 YOKOGAWA .

TE33Q4T30-01E 6 YOKOGAWA .History of DCS Development of digital control technology and Yokogawa’s DCS.

Position of DCS Total information system in manufacturing. Business system Customer management Order reception Demand prediction Production plan Order Production management Production system DCS (Production control system) Process control management Production equipment TE33Q4T30-01E 7 YOKOGAWA .

Concepts of Modern DCS Open information network Operator/work station ( Open environment ) Real-time control network Advanced control station Field bus TE33Q4T30-01E 8 YOKOGAWA .

CENTUM CS Configuration HIS (Operator station) The interface functions of operation and monitoring are executed by HIS. control computation and so on are executed by FCS. ooo PID FIC101 PID TE33Q4T30-01E 9 YOKOGAWA . V-net (Communication bus) Real-time control network TIC101 FCS (Control station) I/O operations to and from the field.

CS and Single Loop Controller FCS FCU (Field Control Unit) Control computation TIC001 TIC002 TIC003 TIC004 V net HIS ESB or RIO bus I/O images Output processing (D/A conversion) YS100 Single loop controller Node TIC001 TIC002 TIC001 I/O modules TIC003 TIC002 TIC004 TIC003 TIC004 Output conversion Input processing (A/D conversion) Computation Input conversion TE33Q4T30-01E 10 YOKOGAWA .

5 M3/M IN Terminal connection (Soft-wiring) Process variable PV Engineering data Ex.20mA Analog data Internal RIO/ESB bus communication -5.20mA Analog data Field device connection (Hard-wiring) -200 – 1200 ºC Type K TC TE33Q4T30-01E 0 .2 M3/M FIC100 PID OUT 0 – 100% Digital data I/O (PIO) connection (Soft-wiring) 0 – 100 % Digital data A/D D/A 0 – 100% Digital data 4 . 5. 6.0 M3/M 11 YOKOGAWA .Signal Flow in CS (Example) Measuring range is set by each function block. OUT Process variable PV Engineering data Ex.9 – 48. 350 ºC -200 – 1200 ºC Digital data TIC100 PID IN 0 – 100 % Digital data I/O images -200 – 1200 ºC Digital data A/D Engineering data SET Ex.8mV Analog data 4 .10.

Fieldbus I/O etc. DARWIN etc) Process I/O. **PIM: Plant Information Management Field Devices (Production Plant) TE33Q4T30-01E 12 YOKOGAWA .System Function Concept Production Management (MES*. Subsystem I/O. Operation & Monitoring Function (HIS) V-net/VL-net communication Control Function (FCS) CENTUM CS1000/CS3000 *MES: Manufacturing Execution System Subsystem (PLC. PIM**) Ethernet communication Engineering Function* (ENG) *Can be executed by HIS.

of HIS: Max. TE33Q4T30-01E 13 YOKOGAWA . of domain: 1 No.System Configuration (CS1000) Console type HIS No. of stations: 24 No.000 No. 8 VL-net extension: 185 m* Desktop type HIS Ethernet (Optional) VL-net Compact type PFCS * Extension length is for 10Base2 cable. of monitoring tags: 8.

TE33Q4T30-01E 14 YOKOGAWA . 16 V-net extension: 500m* Desktop type HIS Ethernet Communication gateway unit CGW V-net Bus Converter BCV CS3000 in another domain or XL/μXL Compact type FFCS-S (for FIO) Supervisory computer Out of the system The BCV connects the stations on the V/VL-net on another domain. * Extension length is for 10Base5 cable. of HIS: Max.System Configuration (CS3000 small) Console type HIS No. of domains: 16 No. of stations per domain: 64 No. Other non-V net systems manufactured by Yokogawa may be connected via BCV. of monitoring tags: 8.000 No. of stations: 256 No.

TE33Q4T30-01E 15 YOKOGAWA . of HIS per network: Max.000) No. of HIS per domain: Max. of monitoring tags: 100. 64 V-net extension: 500m* Bus converter Desktop type HIS Ethernet Communication gateway unit CGW V-net BCV CS3000 in another domain or XL/μXL Compact Type SFCS ooo ooo Supervisory computer Out of the system (Sub-system) Standard FCS Standard FCS (for RIO) (for FIO) * Extension length is for 10Base5 cable. of stations: 256 No. 16 No.000. of domains: 16 No. of stations per domain: 64 No.System Configuration (CS3000) Console type HIS No.000 (Expandable up to 1.

TE33Q4T30-01E 16 YOKOGAWA . which has an engineering database. (Use Reactor A control system. HIS0123 shares the database with HIS0124.) HIS0124 should be activated before HIS0123. (Use Reactor B control system.) FCS 0101 (PFCS) Right-hand side HIS is HIS0123.Engineering Environment in TC Ethernet HIS 0124 Engineering data HIS 0123 VL net Left-hand side HIS is HIS0124. which has no engineering database.

measuring systems as the data from process I/O. recorders. V-net Compact Type FCS Ethernet General-purpose PC GSGW (OPC client) OPC* Server General-purpose subsystem gateway Subsystem communication network Subsystem communication module Subsystem communication network Subsystem Subsystem * OPC: OLE for Process Control TE33Q4T30-01E 17 YOKOGAWA .Sub-system Integration Desktop type HIS The subsystem communication function enables CENTUM to use the data of PLC’s.

It is also possible to log on the host machine via internet. the client machine can execute operation and monitoring or builder functions.Remote Desktop Function HIS LAN Internet / Intranet V-net PC ooo LFCS KFCS The remote desktop function of Windows XP Professional enables to use the functions of CENTUM CS 3000 from the remote location. TE33Q4T30-01E 18 YOKOGAWA . By logging on the host machine from a client machine.