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DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR MANUFACTURABILITY

Presented by M.Saravana Kumar

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Design for ease of fabrication 4. Design within process capabilities and avoid unneeded surface finish requirements 2 . Simplify the design and reduce the number of parts 2. Standardize and the use of common parts and materials 3.General Guidelines 1.

3 .Minimize flexible parts and interconnections. 8.Design for parts orientation and handling.Mistake proof product design and assembly. 6.General Guidelines 5.Design for ease of assembly.Design for efficient joining and fastening. 7. 9.

Design modular products 11.Design for automated production. 4 . 12.General Guidelines 10.Design printed circuit board and assembly.

Simplify The Design And Reduce The Number Of Parts • The probability of perfect product goes down exponentially as the number of parts increases. Defective parts . • Chance of ------• Cost increases. • Automation is more difficult with more number of parts 5 Assembly error.

6 . or the function can be performed in another way. or combined with the other part.Simplify The Design And Reduce The Number Of Parts • Whether a part can be eliminated. • Lead time reduces.

Standardize And The Use Of Common Materials • Common parts will result Lower inventories Reduced costs Higher quality Operator learning is simplified Opportunity for automation Higher production volumes 7 .

Standardize And The Use Of Common Materials Product Data Management + Component Supplier Management (CSM) = Retrieval of design and material information 8 .

• Select materials compatible with the production process • Avoid unnecessary features 9 .Design For Ease Of Fabrication • Select the process compatible with the materials and production volume.

they break easier • Avoid tapers & contours as much as possible in favor of rectangular shapes 10 . consider castings or stampings to reduce machining • Avoid designs requiring sharp corners or points in cutting tools .Design For Ease Of Fabrication • For higher volume parts.

Rearrange connected items to improve assembly efficiency and reduce costs Increased Efficiency 11 .

+/.E. +/. +/.0.005 Fine machining.030 Standard machining.0.0.0001 Lapping.Approximate Relative Cost of Progressively Tighter Dimensional Tolerances Rough machining. % 101 200 440 720 1400 2400 4500 10000 N.001 Very fine machining. +/.0. +/.0005 Fine grinding.0.Woldman.0.00005 100 1000 Approximate Relative Cost.0002 Very fine grinding. +/. +/.0. polishing. Machinability and Machining of Metals Surface Finish  12 .