GSM

(Global System for Mobile communication) by
Uke Kurniawan Usman
NGN and New Communication Services Short Course Hotel Horison, Bandung, June 26-27 June, 2003

Telematics Research Group
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History GSM

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication)

1 1982 "Group Special Mobile" is created within CEPT 2.1986 A Permanent Nucleus is set up 3.1987 Main radio transmission techniques are chosen, based on prototype evaluation (1986) 4.1989 GSM becomes an ETSI technical committee 5.1990 The phase 1 GSM900 specification (drafted 1987 - 1990 ) are frozen, DCS1800 adaptation start 6.1991 First system are running ( Telecom 91 exhibition,…) DCS1800 specification are frozen 7. 1992 All major European GSM900 operators begin commercial operations

SPESIFIKASI AIR INTERFACE
Band frekuensi : Uplink 890 MHz – 915 MHz Downlink 935 MHz – 960 MHz : 45 MHz : 200 MHz : GMSK : 270 Kbps : FDMA – TDMA

Duplex spacing Carrier spacing Modulasi Transmision Rate Metode Akses Basic Duplexing: FDD Speech Coder : RPE LPC 13 Kbps - Channel Coding - Interleaving - Frequency Hopping - Adaptive equalization

Frequency used

ALOKASI KANAL GSM UNTUK OPERATOR DI INDONESIA
SATELINDO TELKOMSEL EXCELCOMINDO : 890 – 900 MHz (10 MHz) : 900 – 907 MHz (7.5 MHz) : 907.5 – 915 MHz (7.5 MHz)

Short Message Service
 Short Message Services (SMS) adalah Teleservis GSM  Dapat dikirimkan dengan size :  160 karakter (SMS-PP)  93 karakter (SMS-CB)  SMS terpisah dengan voices services  SMS dapat dikirimkan dari terima pada saat bicara
DEST MSISDN-B

Max 160 Karakter

GSM Architecture
MSC/GMSC BTS Um BSC A

BTS Um

BSC A MSC-VLR Gs Gr
Packet SS7 network Network

Packet network PSTN

HLR/AuC

SMS-GMSC

EIR

Cell Planning (frequency reuse) Omni Cell Pattern

Cell Planning (frequency reuse) 4 site 3 cell Re-use Pattern

DualBand ( GSM900 + DCS1800 )
Umbrella Cell GSM900 Radio Coverage Layer 6 Macro Cell GSM900 Radio Coverage Layer 5 Macro Cell GSM1800 Radio Coverage Layer 4 Micro Cell GSM900 Radio Coverage Layer 3 Micro Cell GSM1800 Radio Coverage Layer 2 Pico Cell GSM1800 Radio Coverage Layer 1

Konfigurasi DualBand System
Sistem dualband terpasang dengan mengopersikan atau menambahkan perangkat hardware cabinet BTS DCS 1800 pada sistem GSM 900 yang sudah ada. Jaringan yang bekerja pada GSM900 dan DCS 1800, dianggap sebagai suatu jaringan dengan PLMN tunggal.
OMC

DCS 1800 BTS

GSM900 BTS

Implementasi jaringan dualband ini dapat diterapkan dalam beberapa kombinasi antara lain : 1. Satu BSC dengan satu jenis band 2. Satu BSC dengan dua jenis band 3. Satu BTS dengan dua jenis band
MSC/HLR

Integrated GSM900/DCS1800 BTS

BSC GSM900 T BTS DCS 1800 BTS OMC

Co-Sited BTS

Hardware DualBand
Spesifikasi MSC DualBand :
MSC dapat mendukung peralatan BSS dari vendor yang berbeda untuk setiap band frekuensi. Agar dualband mampu bekerja dengan baik, maka MSC perlu memiliki kemampuan untuk menangani elemen informasi classmark 3 (CM3 dikirim oleh MS dualband ke MSC berisi informasi kemampuan MS) Spesifikasi MS Dualband &

Mekanisme Penanganan MS DualBand Dalam Jaringan:
Suatu MS dapat beroperasi pada jaringan dualband dengan cara antara lain, MS hanya mendukung satu band atau MS dapat mendukung lebih dari satu band tapi hanya dapat berfungsi pada satu band

Mekanisme Dualband
Mekanisme penanganan MS dualband tersebut dapat dijelaskan sebagai berikut : 1.    MS akan dipegang oleh jaringan DCS 1800 layer pada dua kondisi idle mode dan dedicated mode selama tersedia kanal dalam cakupan radio DCS 1800 2. MS dapat ditangani membangun panggilan pada DCS 1800. dan sel
SB900 DCS1800
1 2

GSM900

DB
3

4

3. MS yang berada pada layer GSM 900 dapat ditangani ke layer bawah (DCS 1800) jika memungkinkan. 4. MS yang berada pada layer DCS 1800 akan dipindahkan pemegangan kanalnya ke layer atas (GSM 900 ) jika hanya diperlukan.

DB

DB

GPRS Architecture
Topologi GPRS Network
BTS Um BSC A MSC Gb Gr Gd Gs Gs Gr HLR/AuC
Packet network PSTN

SMS-GMSC Gd

Serving GPRS Packet SS7 Support Node network Network Gn (SGSN) GPRS Border INFRASTRUCTURE MAP-F Gateway (BG) Intra-PLMN Gc Packet backbone Inter-PLMN network network Backbone (IP based) Firewall Gp network Firewall Gn Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN) Gi.IP
Data Packet network network (Internet)

EIR

Corporate 1 Server

Router

Local area network

Corporate 2 Server

Router

Local area network

GPRS Network from the Internet
HOST 1 5 5 .2 2 2 .3 3 .5 5 GPRS SUBNETW ORK SUBNETW ORK 1 5 5 .2 2 2 .3 3 .X X X " R o u te r "
SUBNETW ORK 1 9 1 .2 0 0 .4 4 .X X X SUBNETW O RK 1 3 1 .4 4 .1 5 .X X X

C o r p o r a te 1
R o u te r

P acket D a ta nn e tww r o r k e t o k
( In te r n e t )

R o u te r

C o r p o r a te 2

HOST 1 9 1 .2 0 0 .4 4 .2 1

L ocal a re a n e tw o r k

Local a re a n e tw o r k

HOST 1 3 1 . 4 4 .1 5 .3

Growth up
Evolusi Cellular

G2
Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) High Speed CircuitSwitched Data (HSCSD) 14.4 – 56.7 kbps

G2.5
General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) 115 kbps Enhances Data Rate for Global Evolution (EDGE) 384 kbps

G3
Universal Mobile Telecom. System (UMTS) 2 Mbps

Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) 9.6 – 14.4 kbps 64 kbps

Intermediate standards
144 - 614 kbps 1.5 Mbps

CDMA 2000 W-CDMA 2+ Mbps

Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) 9.6 kbps

Enhances Data Rate for Global Evolution (EDGE) 384 kbps

Universal Wireless Comm. System (UWCS) 2 Mbps

MMS Network Elements

MMS CALL FLOW

MMS Architectural Elements
Perangkat Arsitektur MMS
MMS User Agent Message store MMS Server MMS Relay User Databases e.g. profiles, subscription, HLR 2G Mobile Network A

MMS VAS Applications

External Server Internet / IP Network MMSE 3G Mobile Network A

MMS User Agent

Mobile Network B

Wired EMail Client

Roaming MMS User Agent

Multimedia Message Service
Konsep MMS
Fixed Network

Cellular Network

Internet

Cellular Network

MMSE

Protocol Framework
Protocol framework to provide MMS
MMS capable UE / MS MM Service Environment

MMS User Agent MM1 Transfer Protocol Lower Layer A MM1

MMS Relay/Server MM1 Transfer Protocol Lower Layer A MM3 Transfer Protocol e.g. TCP / UDP Lower Layer B MM3

External Server MM3 Transfer Protocol e.g. TCP / UDP Lower Layer B

protocol elements necessary in the terminal protocol elements necessary in the MMSE additional protocol elements necessary to include external servers

Interworking of different MMSEs
Interworking MMS
MMS User Agent A MMSE Service Provider A MMSE Service Provider B MMS User Agent B

Radio Network A MMS Relay/ Server A MM1 SMTP MMS Relay/ Server B MM1

Radio Network B

MM4

MMS Reference Architecture
MMS User Databases HLR MMS VAS Applications

MM6

MM5 MM7

MMS User Agent A

MM1
Relay

MMS Relay/Server
MM2

Server

MM3 “Foreign” MMS Relay/Server MM1 MMS User Agent B MM4 External Server #1 (e.g. E-Mail) External Server #2 (e.g. Fax) External Server #3 (e.g. UMS)

...

External Server #N

MMS interaction with 2G/3G Voice Mailbox based on VPIM Contoh 1:
today’s real-time over-the-air access of 2G/3G voice mailbox

SMTP (VPIM profile)

2G/3G Radio Network 2G/3G voice mailbox

MMS Relay/ Server

MMS interaction with 2G/3G Voice Mailbox based on HTTP
Contoh 2:
today’s real-time over-the-air access of 2G/3G voice mailbox

SMTP (VPIM profile) HTTP 2G/3G Radio Network MMS Relay/ Server 2G/3G voice mailbox

MMS Interaction with Internet E-Mail messaging
Contoh 3:

SMTP Forwarding Mail Transfer Agent

MMS Relay/ Server

SMTP or POP3/ IMAP4 E-Mail Server

Message Store

MMS interaction with SMSC
Contoh 4:

3G TR 23.039 2G Radio Network MMS Relay/ Server SMSC

MMS integration with UMS
Contoh 5 :
3G TR 23.039 SMSC SMTP IMAP HTTP T.30 H.323 H.323/T.37 Gateway Compressed voice Voice Mail Access Server Unified Messaging System FAX Voice mail store 2G SMS client

MMS UA

UMS Server/ Email server SMTP IMAP MMS Relay/ Server Unified Msg Store (email, fax, vmail) VPIM/ TIFF/ SMTP

PC/Web

Phone call

Protocol Framework applied to WAP implementation of MMS

Example for Applied to WAP
MMS UI MMS App Svcs MMS Comm Transfer Protocol Interim Layers Wireless Services

Messaging Application Framework
MM1 Transfer Protocol Payload WAP WSP Interim Layers Wireless Services HTTP

MMS App Svcs MMS Comm HTTP TCP IP

TCP IP

MMS User Agent

WAP Gateway

MMS Relay/Server

Protocol Framework applied to WAP implementation of MMS
Contoh 6:

Wireless Network

Internet /IP-network

MMS User Agent
Payload WSP

WAP Gateway
Payload HTTP

MMS Relay/Server

Architectural example of IP Based Implementation for 3GPP MMS
Contoh 7: IP Based Implementation

SMTP POP3 IMAP4 HTTP etc.

Intranet (Enterprize) SMTP, POP3, IMAP4, HTTP, etc.
SMTP POP3 IMAP4 HTTP etc.

Internet Terminal
SMTP POP3 IMAP4 HTTP etc.

IP Based Gateway

MMS Relay/Server

E-mail Server

Protocol Framework Definition for IP Based Implementation in 3GPP MMS Example for Applied to IP
MMS UI MMS App Svcs MMS Comm Transfer Protocol Wireless Profiled TCP IP (Wireless)

Messaging Application Framework
MM1 Transfer Protocol Payload

MMS App Svcs MMS Comm SMTP, POP, IMAP, HTTP TCP IP

SMTP, POP3, IMAP4, HTTP,
Wireless Profiled TCP IP (Wireless) TCP IP

etc.

MMS User Agent

IP Based Gateway

MMS Relay/Server

Combined MMS-Relay/Server

Contoh 8:
Message Store

MMS Relay/Server

Non-combined MMS-Relay and MMS-Server
Contoh 9:
MMS server Message Store SMTP or POP3 / IMAP4 or HTTP

SMTP or HTTP

MMS Relay

MMS interaction with Facsimile Services based on ITU-T.37
Contoh 10:

Message Store ITU-T.30 Fax PSTN MMS Relay/ Server ITU-T.37 Fax Gateway

SMTP

ITU-T.30

Why users with different MMSC settings cannot communicate?

Terima Kasih
Uke Kurniawan Usman telematika@bdg.centrin.net.id

What is GPRS ?
• General Packet Radio Service, new technology on wireless data communication that offers mobile data communication service with a higher bit rate. • The next step from air interface evolution which for the first time ever based on PACKET SWITCH • “ Always-On” Connection

What can GPRS offer you ?
• An “Always-On” Packet Switch Service • Maximum data speed up to 171,2 kbps • Offer high QoS for the users and low Cost for operators • Billing alternatives

DATA RATES REQUIRED FOR APPLICATIONS

Data Transfer Time GSM vs GPRS

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