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….A Look at Quality Too!!!
Let’s Talk Design for a Minute....
Technical and management processes which commence with: – Identification of design input
» Criteria, parameters. bases or other design requirements on which the final design is based
– Leads to and includes issuance of design output documents
“Design activities shall be documented in sufficient detail to permit verification...”
Design Process Flow…..
C h e c k Justification Documents I •Calculations n •Reports g Output
Project or Planning Task Initiation
Design Inputs/ Rqmts
Design Descriptive Documents Drawings Specifications
Approval and Release
Internal and External Interfaces
e... To assure the definition..Design Control. i. by person(s) other than the originator of the design Design changes are controlled by the same measures applicable to the original design . control and verification of design input and design activities Key features Design inputs are appropriately specified on a timely basis Design interfaces are identified and controlled Design verification is performed independently.
Measures established to assure requirements and design basis correctly translated into: – Specifications – Drawings – Procedures – Instructions Measures include: – Quality standards included in design documents – Control of deviations Measures provide for: – Verifying of checking adequacy of design by individuals other than preparer .....Design Control .
..Reasons for a Design Control Program. It’s the law. permit. or regulation Strong industry correlation between effective control and successful design and operations Costs are reduced and products work better Fewer mistakes made Complexity of the work ..
Engineering and Design Control ITAAC “Inspections. Tests Analyses and Acceptance Criteria” Construction (Modular) Regulatory Rqmts Combined Operating License Application Site Plan Plot Plan Gen Arr System Description Structural Support Design Spec Structural Design Criteria Electrica l Design Criteria Master Spec Logic Diagrams Flow Diagrams Other Conceptual Drawings Project Drawings Loop Diagram s Physical Client Rqmts Codes & Stds Early Site Permit Project Specs Elementary Diagrams S&W Stds Technical Reports One Line Diagrams Design Certification Operating Experience Diagrams = Functional Schematics Calc Methods Key Design Documents Configuration Management .
regulatory requirements.Some Design Inputs.. codes and standards Chemical requirements Basic functions of SSC Operational QA requirements Design conditions Instrumentation and Material requirements controls Structural requirements Maintenance.. Design bases. repair and Electrical requirements in-service inspection Performance Fire protection requirements .
Piping FSK Piping Drawing 1-Line Raceway Electrical Loop LSK Controls ESK Wiring Diagram .
Documents prepared for use in the production. one-line diagram or piping isometric drawing – Incorporate correct design inputs and proper design approach used – All design inputs reviewed and approved » If not approved then marked for “confirmation required” or “hold” Drawing/diagram must be: – Technically adequate – In accordance with applicable standards. Compatible with engineering effort by other engineers . guidelines and procedures Client requirements incorporated Conforms to applicable licensing commitments or requirements.Drawings and Diagrams…. construction or fabrication of facilities such as: a P&ID. codes etc.
FSK “.Flow Diagram . shows the controls instrumentation of the system….…Schematically presents a system designed to move liquids or gases.” .
Locates all piping and piping components in a gas or liquid system….Piping Drawing “….” .
” .LSK “….Logic Diagram .Schematically presents the control requirements of systems and equipment….
ESK “….” .Schematically shows the electrical connections and function of a specific control circuit arrangement….Elementary Diagram .
Schematically shows the instrumentation required to measure or control variables in a fluid system….Loop Diagram “….” .
One Line Diagram “…. circuit breakers and other equipment required for an electrical system…. transformers.Schematically show the type and arrangement of busses.” .
” .Wiring Diagram “….Connects cable from one piece of equipment to another….
. Design Adequacy Organization Standardization Appearance Traceability ..Characteristics of a Quality Design Document...
.... Because they: Assign responsibility Meet customer and regulatory requirements Assure that disciplines interface requirements are met Document our most successful methods of doing work .Good Procedures Ensure Good Engineering Practices.
Instructions on design document preparation and processing A means to control all changes or revisions A design document control system – Identification – Indexing – Filing and distribution A method for design document review by a second competent and qualified individual ..Our Engineering Procedures Provide....
such as determining consequences of failure. criticality..A Few Key Procedure Control Features.. Define work scope – Identifies responsibilities and objectives to be met – Establish design input Identify and control external design interfaces for – Overall design verification status for existing facility – As-built drawings of existing facility to be modified – Responsibilities defined for work involved.. mass balance Identify and control design inputs – – – – Functional design criteria Supplemental design requirements Applicable codes and standards Documentation and approval to assure proper documents are used . hazards analysis.
Controlling the Design Process….. Supplier Design C h e c k Justification Documents I •Calculations n •Reports g Output Project or Planning Task Initiation Design Inputs/ Rqmts Design Process Design Descriptive Documents Drawings Specifications Design Verification Approval and Release Internal and External Interfaces Document Control Design Changes .
. inputs and assumptions – Review and approval ...Design Output . including type code. Procedural requirements for: – Identifying documents to permit ready reference and retrieval – Defining objective of analyses – Definition of design inputs and their sources – Documenting results of literature searches or other applicable background data – Documenting assumptions and identifying those assumptions to be verified – Identification of computer calculations..
and workmanship supplied under contract Define functional requirements that equipment must satisfy Define acceptance criteria in specific.Specifications.. measurable values General types: – General construction specifications – Procurement specifications – Equipment specifications . Establish qualitative requirements for products.. materials..
.. Checking is: Part of the engineering process Independent and objective Checker looks for errors in a structured manner ..Normal Review Process.
Design Reviews. Brings questions and points of view into open Confirm proper set of requirements has been defined and available for use Evaluation of design concepts against design specification Confirms whether design meets requirements – Do data and results support conclusions? – Are the assumptions reasonable? – Any significant items not addressed? – Are the design methods appropriate? – Any problems remaining to be resolved? ....
Design Verification... Documented review Confirms adequacy of the design Substantiates that inputs were correctly selected Design meets the specified inputs ..
Design Change Control ..... Procedures identify requirements needed to make design changes to approved design documents including – Field changes » Ensure impact considered » Actions documented » Information transmitted to affected persons and organizations Changes shall be justified and subject to design control measures commensurate with those applied to original design .
10 Fundamentals Understand you customer’s expectations! If you “assume”! You better check it out! When in doubt .Good Engineering Practices….an integral part! Learning never sleeps! .Ask! Remember: It’s your work! Be Proud of It! Make sure you understand what’s expected of you! Communicate! Communicate! Communicate! Protect your Company’s and your customer’s reputation! They are yours too! Provide the highest quality service! You’re part of the team….
And Remember .... Good technical analysis + Good documentation = Quality engineering ..
A Look at Quality Too!!! Thank you! .“An Overview of the Engineering and Design Process” ….
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