Simple Past Tense

-Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation

How do we form the simple past tense? English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular .

. Which are regular and which are irregular?  walked  studied  taught  gave  became  cried  lived  did regular regular irregular irregular irregular regular regular irregular .Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….

Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs: walk Past tense verbs: walked study studied cry cried live lived .

 Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged.Rules for adding –ed:  Add –ed to most verbs  Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled). study= studied). stop= stopped). .  Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried.

Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense: become give drive forget became gave drove forgot .Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed……..

Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change… need to memorize these! teach bring leave hear taught brought left heard buy bought .

Why do we use past tense verbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!! .

loved.. *With –id sounding words.. there is another syllable! . waited decided. talked. answered id: invited.PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked.. jumped d: played.

How can you practice past tense verbs?  Phonemically (word sorts)  Bingo!  Modeling  Survey says……  Nancy Fetzer……… Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!! .