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Mahatma Gandhi

Presented By:Dhananjay Kumar Jaipuria institute of Management, Noida



Who did not rule any army

Who did not had any political

Did not belong to an elite family

Was not an industrialist


• Had a great inluencing power and determination to go with his principles • Had a goal of independence is our





• Mahatma Gandhi was a leader who taught us one valuable lesson that you can fight a war with nonviolence (as he did). One of his sayings was that, “You must be the change you want to see.” This means that if you want the world to be less violent, first you have to become less violent.

"The only tyrant I accept in this world is the still voice within." -Mahatma Gandhi Truth, purity, self-control, firmness, fearlessness, humility, unity, peace, and renunciation—These are the inherent qualities of a LEADER                   

• Mohandas Gandhi, known by the honorific title Mahatma ("great souled"), embodied the power of non violent protest to achieve great change. He was born in India in 1896 and awoke to discrimination while practicing law in South Africa. He brought the struggle for equality back to India, rousing the population to demand self-rule from the British. He was profoundly religious, spending one day a week in complete silence.

Mahatma Gandhi was an inspiration to many people. The speeches of motivation gave everyone the feeling that we had the power to make a change in a peaceful way and had a great charismatic power

Chronological Biography
October 2, 1869: 1888: 1892-1915: 1919: 1922-1925: 1930s: March 12, 1930: 1932: 1942: 1945: August 15, 1947: January 30, 1948: • • • • • • • • • • • • Birth pursuit of law degree in England Legal advisor in South Africa Given the title of Mahatma, or great soul Imprisoned for sedition Return to a simple Indian life Salt March Fast to protest Hindu-Muslim violence in India Last call for independence from GB Empire Deemed the “Father of the Nation” of India Complete independence achieved Murdered during his prayer service by a radical

College of Letters and Services

Leadership Roles played
• Visionary : His vision was to let India free from britisher’s • Optimistic: he had a positive and never dying attitude, whether he was poor in English or differentiated from whites. • Confident: He was very confident and had full faith in himself. He was very sure and definate in whatever he did. • Determined:." He called on all Congressmen and Indians to maintain discipline via ahimsa, and Karo Ya Maro ("Do or Die") in the cause of ultimate freedom

• Courageous: He had the courage to fight for the freedom and achieve his objective in such adverse and unfavorable circumstances. • Simple:Making his own clothes—the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl woven with a charkha—he lived on a simple vegetarian, and later, fruitarian diet. He underwent long (at times over a month) fasts, for both selfpurification and protest(desi) • Pioneer:. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha—a philosophy that is largely concerned with truth and 'resistance to evil through active, non-violent resistance'—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

• Adaptable: As in south africa he protested in suit while in india he wore dhoti. • Freedom fighter: He was a true freedom fighter and faught for the independence. • Truth: Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth, or Satya. He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself. He called his autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth ". Thus, Satya (Truth) in Gandhi's philosophy is "God".

Mahatma Gandhi
Reasons he fought for freedom…
• Guided by a search for truth through tolerance and concern for others • Wanted to free India from British control • Fought against English bills that would make it unlawful to organize opposition to the government
Gandhi’s Signature

Mahatma Gandhi
Strategies they used to fight for freedom…
• Taught others to master their fears • Used only nonviolent methods • developed a method of direct social action, based upon principles of courage, nonviolence, and truth, which he called Satyagraha. In this method, the way people behave is more important than what they achieve.

Mahatma Gandhi
The effect they had on American History and Culture… • Influenced Martin Luther King Jr.’s ideas of nonviolence • Advanced political freedom and prepared Indians for selfgovernment spreading the ideas of democracy around the world. • He taught that the way people behave is more important than what they achieve.

Inspirational Story
• A Family Disappointment
Gandhi had a low self esteem when he was young. He didn’t do well in school either. After struggling to graduate from high school, he moved on to study medicine in a local university only to fail badly and subsequently, forced to quit. His young bride had difficulty accommodating to his impatient, jealous and demanding outbursts.

Life In London
• Gandhi had difficulty adjusting to the seasonal weather in London and would often be teased for his inappropriate seasonal attire and his poor command of the English language. • He worked very hard, trying to excel in both his studies and other curricular activities, but failed. • To cut costs, he gave up his hotel for a small room and walked instead of traveling on buses.

His Debut in the Court
• Due to his inadequate knowledge about the Indian law, he had difficulty getting a case. • Even when he finally secured one, he had stage fright at the last moment and abandon the courtroom abruptly, leaving his colleague to conduct the cross examination. • It was a disgraceful debut.

Turning Point
• The realities of the life and the harsh discrimination against Indians in South Africa, Gandhi into making a decision whether he should pack his bags and leave South Africa or stay on to fight the case, until one day something happened. • While riding on the first class carriage on the train to another town, he was ordered to move to the freight compartment. When he refused, he was unceremoniously driven off the carriage. • He realized that it was cowardice of him to shun away from his fears instead of helping the people to fight for the rights they deserve!

• Gandhi then started working hard on the case, drilling into the details zestfully. • With his diligence and perseverance, he learned a lot about the case and counteracted against the punitive nature of the lawsuit by persuading his client and the other party to settle on an amicable reconciliation out of court. • His apt handling of the suit earned the respect of the Indian community so much so that he was asked to delay his departure back home to help them on another case to fight for the rights of Indian settlers in the country.

A Lawyer, A Human Rights Campaigner

Mahatma Gandhi
The end of the story…
On Jan. 13, 1948, at the age of 78, Gandhi began his last fast. His purpose was to end the bloodshed among Hindu, Muslim, and other groups. On January 18, their leaders pledged to stop fighting and Gandhi broke his fast. Twelve days later, in New Delhi, while on his way to a prayer meeting, Gandhi was assassinated. Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic who opposed Gandhi's program of tolerance for all creeds and religions, shot him three times. A shocked India and a saddened world mourned Gandhi's death. The great scientist Albert Einstein said of Gandhi: "Generations to come will scarcely believe that such a one as this walked the earth in flesh and

(1) Your Innate Potential Can Be Unlocked By Yourself
You can think that Gandhi had the good fortune to meet a good mentor who was able to see the potential in him that others didn’t. But the truth was, there was no such person in his life at that time. Gandhi didn’t wait for a mentor. Indeed he was the one for himself.

(2) Stop Blaming & Take Accountability
• In the midst of this blaming culture, it’s easy to possess a distorted view of the issue and fail to notice the essence of the problem. • Even though he was involved in the blame game in the earlier part of his life, he subsequently took accountability for it. • And when he stopped blaming, the piece of filth clogging his visibility removed itself, allowing him to see the crux of his problem. Himself .

The new idol for Indian Business Gurus
The Father of the Nation is now being held up as the master strategist, an exemplary leader, and someone whose ideas and tactics corporate India can emulate. “Gandhi reinvented the rules of the game to deal with a situation where all the available existing methods had failed”-C K Prahalad

For Arindam Chaudhuri, Gandhi and Lord Krishna have both been big sources of inspiration. "Mahatma Gandhi's example to me is a perfect case of adopting styles to suit the culture. I just know one thing: there was never a leader before him nor one after him who could unite us all and bring us out in the streets to demand for what was rightfully ours.”

Leadership Style of Gandhi
• Gandhi’s leadership style is a perfect example of Theory-I. • Gandhi's leadership style is being termed as 'follower-centric' and one that took into account existing conditions before determining the strategy. • For instance, look at the Dandi march. If Gandhi had gone there quietly, it would just not have made an impact. He knew he had to create an event to make an impact and so he took his followers on a march that stirred popular imagination of the time.

• Gandhi's style of leadership as applied to corporate India would involve making even the lowest person in the organization believe in it and the significance of his contribution towards it. • Gandhi has a way of doing that: making sure that everyone in the cause is connected to the goal. • Gandhi's example as a manager and leader is extraordinary. There was no one like him who could get people together to embrace his vision as their vision. • Gandhi was vehemently against industrialization and felt it would have a highly negative impact on society.

Findings of the Fiedler Model

Matching the leader to the situation or changing the situation to make it favorable to the leader is required.

• Different situations (or contingencies) require different forms of leadership. This puts an emphasis on : • diagnosis • adaptability on the part of the leader.

Situational Leadership Model
Highly Supportive and Low Directive Highly Directive and Highly Supportive




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Te llin g

Low Supportive and Low Directive



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High Directive and Low Supportive

Guidance/Directive Gandhi was Participating & Selling at different times, according to situations

The Salt March
• • • • March 12 – April 5, 1930 Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi Distance: 241 Miles Participants:

– 79 official volunteers – 2 miles of Indian citizens

The Gandhi Reader

Terrorism in Practice
“With this salt, I am shaking the foundations of the British Empire.” • • Addressed the non-interference of the Great Britain government Demanded that the GB government must be “sensitive to world opinion which will not tolerate repression of extreme political agitation which civil disobedience undoubtedly is…” Gandhi was depicted as the general of the great Indian Army

At last we must not forget
We are independent and free only ’coz of him.





Mahatma Gandhi
• Oct. 2, 1869 • Porbandar , India • Gandhi was one of the foremost spiritual and political leaders of the 1900's. He helped free India from British control by a unique method of nonviolent resistance and is honored by the people of India as the father of their nation. Gandhi was slight in build but had limitless physical and moral strength. He was assassinated by an Indian who resented his program of tolerance for all creeds and religions.