Jon Luevano

Urbanization  Growth and development of cities  Large population density  Highly industrialized  Comparing city to city  Size (area)  Population density  Percentage of urban coverage  Hydrological impacts .

Key Hydrological Impacts Urban runoff hydrology  River channelization  Climatic changes  Water quality  Snow melt  .

Urban Runoff Hydrology  Impermeable surfaces change surface runoff patterns  Lower percolation rates  Higher overland flow rates  Reduction in peak discharge time/size ○ Cherkauer (1975) ○ Rose and Peters (2001)  Problems  Potential for flooding  Pollution .

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River Channelization Human intervention on flow body of water  Resource management   Navigation and resource/power production  Flood control  Controlling runoff paths  Increase discharge rates  Problems  Biological  Vast increase in stream flow ○ Simon and Senturk (1977) .

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Water Quality  Sources for pollution  Higher surface runoff  Higher concentrations of contaminants ○ Davis (2001) ○ Gromaire-Mertz (1999)  Focus  Pinpoint and reduce use of specific sources of contamination  Water treatment methods .

Snow Melt Surface water created from melting snow  Factors   Air temperature  Solar radiation at surface ○ Ferguson (1999)  Urban snow melt  Timing/intensity of melt ○ Semandi-Davis (1998) ○ Jones (1997) .

Climatic Changes Climatic factors control hydrologic cycle  Rural vs. Urban   Warmer temperatures ○ Heat island effect  Evaporation rates ○ Lowry (1967)  Precipitation rates ○ Atkinson (1979) .

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Concluding Remarks Importance of urban water management  Keys   Control of urban runoff pathways and exposure  Limit contamination  Improve treatment processes  Increase knowledge and awareness .

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