Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout Transmission & Distribution

Establishing and Ensuring a Safe Work Environment

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Introduction

 The following information is provided as an overview of the new Control of Hazardous Energy - Lockout/Tagout Standard for Transmission and Distribution.  The presentation provides key elements of the Control of Hazardous Energy - Lockout/Tagout Standard  Further details of the standard are listed in the document and will require review to ensure all aspects of the standard are clear and understood.
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Lockout/Tagout Standard Purpose
The Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout standard is designed to:
 Protect employees from serious injuries that could result from result from the unexpected release of electrical energy while working on isolated and grounded electrical circuits/equipment and equipment over 750 volts; and  Provide employees with an understanding of the formal procedure required to isolate a circuit from all electrical sources and ensure that the circuit/equipment will remain isolated by locking out and/or tagging sources that can energize the circuit/equipment.
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at a minimum. 4 .Regional Responsibilities Using the standard. comply with this safety standard and all applicable regional regulations regarding the Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout.  Develop and provide training on the procedures to all affected employees. each AES Operation must:  Develop site specific procedures that. and  Monitor compliance with the procedures through ongoing supervision and periodic formal auditing.

 It covers the process involved in ensuring that a circuit is properly isolated.Applications This Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout Standard applies to:  AES employees that work on electrically isolated transmission and distribution circuits and equipment. all isolating devices are locked and/or tagged. an authorized person signs-off that the isolation is complete and protective grounds are installed. 5 .

6 . distribution system or piece of equipment. system operator. Controlling Authority – the custodian. dispatch or organization that has operating control of a specific transmission system.Definitions of Key Terms Affected Employee – An employee who works on or near an electrical circuit that has been trained to understand the hazards involved when working on isolated and grounded circuits or equipment. Authorized Employee – An employee who is designated as being trained and able to establish an isolation guarantee on a circuit or equipment using a lockout/ tagout procedure.

locking and tagging has been carried out before installing protective grounds. 7 .Definitions of Key Terms Holder of the Isolation Guarantee – is an authorized employee to whom an Isolation Guarantee is issued and responsible to ensure that the proper switching. Isolating Device (electrical) – is a device that provides a visible open point between the isolated circuit and the energized circuit. Energized – Connected to an energy source or containing residual or stored energy.

(The term isolation guarantee is a more accurate than terms such as “clearance”. “work permit” and “mark-up” used in various locations. 8 . locked and/or tagged and that protective grounds are applied.Definitions of Key Terms Isolation Guarantee – is a formal document (master tag) signed by an authorized employee that a given circuit or equipment is isolated and that the correct isolating devices are visibly open.) Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) – The placement of a locking device along with a Do Not Operate tag (card) on an energy-isolating device or the placement of a Do Not Operate tag where the device is not lockable.

for the isolation and reenergization of a circuit or equipment.A process that renders an isolation point inoperable for the protection of the worker. Examples are the removal of a isolating device component such as a fuse holder or riser (lead.Definitions of Key Terms Switching Order . Tags Plus System . jumper or loop).A form used to record the sequence of operation of isolating devices. Work Authority – AES employees or contractor responsible for the work and qualified to recognize the need for an isolation guarantee when required to carry out work safely 9 .

interpretation and maintenance of the T&D Electrical Lockout/Tagout program. for transmission lines.  The program must identify who or which organization is the controlling authority. dispatch. 10 . workers.g. operators. e. distribution lines and substations.Written Program Elements The Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout Program must have the following program elements:  The written program must identify the person who is ultimately responsible for the implementation.

 A Switching Order form that identifies the purpose of the switching. the person operating the isolating device. 11 . tags or locks placed.Written Program Elements cont’d The program must have the following forms and designations:  An Isolation Guarantee Application form. close. check open). time of the operation. the preparer of the switching order and the checker of the switching order. devices to be operated. the operation (open. designed to provide the controlling authority the information needed to plan and approve the isolation of a circuit or equipment.

12 . (The Isolation Guarantee is often incorporated into the same form as the Switching Order or the Do Not Operate tag for when less than three operations are involved in the isolation.)  Standard tags (cards) and locks capable of withstanding the environment and inadvertent or accidental removal.Written Program Elements cont’d The program must have the following forms and designations: cont’d  Isolation Guarantee form that is signed by an authorized employee when the Isolation guarantee is in effect.

and 13 . authorization.Written Program Elements cont’d The written program must outline the scope. responsibility. including:  A specific statement of the intended use of the program  Identify the controlling authority for each electrical system. and techniques to be applied for the control of hazardous energy and the measures to enforce compliance with the program. purpose. rules.

14 . the preparation and checking of a switching order. switching. isolating.Written Program Elements cont’d  Specific procedural steps for:      the preparation of an application to isolate a circuit or equipment. approval of an application to isolate. locking/tagging to control hazardous energy.

The application must meet the following requirements:  The application for an Isolation Guarantee for scheduled work on a circuit or equipment is documented. in advance. so that the controlling authority has the necessary time to determine the impact on the system.Procedural Elements Application for an Isolation Guarantee .The Lockout/Tagout Program must have a process where the work authority makes an application to the controlling authority for the isolation of a circuit or equipment. 15 .

Procedural Elements cont’d Application for an Isolation Guarantee – cont’d  The application for an Isolation Guarantee for unscheduled work can be verbal. If the work authority is also the controlling authority for the circuit or equipment. 16 .) the message must be repeated back for confirmation. If a verbal application is used (radio etc. no application for an Isolation Guarantee is required. and  The application for an Isolation Guarantee must clearly identify the circuit and or equipment to be isolated using the nomenclature of the isolation points.

to achieve the Isolation Guarantee.The Lockout/Tagout Program must require the use of a Switching Order (Order to Operate or Field Tag) form to identify and document all isolation devices. When developing switching orders the Lockout/Tagout Program must ensure:  An operating diagram is consulted to accurately determine the isolation. in the proper sequence.  The switching order is signed by an authorized employee.Procedural Elements cont’d Preparation of a Switching Order . 17 .

 The switching order identifies what tags and/or locks are placed on isolation devices. the switching order is initialled by an authorized employee as being completed. and  After each operation. 18 .Procedural Elements cont’d Preparation of a Switching Order – cont’d  When more than three operations are required to achieve the Isolation Guarantee. a second authorized employee must verify and sign the switching order.

 Locks and/or tags must be placed on the switchgear providing the isolation. if practicable. or when instructions from the controlling authority are verbal (radio etc.) the agent must repeat the instructions back to the controlling authority for confirmation. it should be disabled by removing an element such as a fuse holder or riser (lead. then. jumper or loop). Motorized disconnects switch must be disabled.Procedural Elements cont’d Switching/tagging/locking – The Lockout/Tagout Program must require that:  When switching. If the switchgear cannot be locked. the worker conducting the switching should have a copy of the switching order. 19 .

to ensure all devices have operated correctly and have not remained closed due to mechanical failure. If devices such as oil circuit reclosers or sectionalizers are used and the contacts are not visible.Procedural Elements cont’d Switching/tagging/locking – cont’d  The isolating device(s) must be checked to verify its position. and  Isolating devices used as part of an Isolation Guarantee must provide a visible open point. the device feed leads must be removed to ensure there is no electricity flow through the isolating device. 20 .

21 .Procedural Elements cont’d Activation of the Isolation Guarantee .The Lockout/Tagout Procedure must require that:  The controlling authority signs a formal document (often a section of the Switching Order form or Do Not Operate tag) certifying that the circuit is isolated from all sources and will remain isolated until the Isolation Guarantee is formally surrendered by the work authority.  The controlling authority notifies an authorized employee who has been designated as the holder of the Isolation Guarantee that the Isolation Guarantee is in effect.

22 .cont’d  The controlling authority will instruct the work authority to install protective grounds. showing the isolation points and discussing the requirement for testing for electrical potential and grounding with all affected employees. SCADA systems or switching orders.  Upon completion of the installation of grounds the controlling authority shall record the number and location of the grounds on the operational maps. and  The authorized employee designated as the holder of the Isolation Guarantee conducts a job briefing.Procedural Elements cont’d Activation of the Isolation Guarantee .

The Lockout/Tagout Procedure must require:  That all stored energy is relieved or rendered safe through the installation of protective grounds. 23 .Procedural Elements cont’d Releasing Stored Energy . before protective grounds are installed.  b. That a potential check is carried out to ensure the absence of a normal line voltage.

then protective grounds must be installed.” Isolation of a circuit to facilitate switching is exempt from this principle.  The specification as to whether the protective grounds are controlled by the controlling authority or whether the work authority controls the placing of protective line grounds.Procedural Elements cont’d Releasing Stored Energy – cont’d  Adherence to the principle “If an isolation of a circuit is required in order to carry out work safely. 24 .

25 . insulators).g. then the isolation guarantee must be surrendered. used to test underground cables. an approved work procedure must be followed to ensure everyone remains clear of the circuit or equipment during the test.Procedural Elements cont’d Equipment Testing During Open Work Permit – The Lockout/Tagout procedure must require that if testing involves energizing a circuit with one of the guaranteed locked/tagged devices. If the testing involves other electrical sources such as a hipot (high voltage potential device. e.

 All protective grounds are removed. 26 .Procedural Elements cont’d Surrendering or Releasing the Isolation Guarantee – The Lockout/Tagout procedure must require that the holder of the isolation guarantee notifies and confirms to the controlling authority the following:  All affected employees are clear of the circuit or equipment. and  The holder is surrendering the isolation guarantee.

and 27 .Procedural Elements cont’d Energizing the Circuit or Equipment .  A Switching Order form be used to identify the switching devices and the operating sequence to energize the circuit when more that three operations are required.The Lockout/Tagout Program must require:  The controlling authority directs the removal of locks and/or tags and switching required to energize the circuit or equipment.

when a circuit needs to be energized and the holder of the Isolation Guarantee is not available to surrender the isolation guarantee. An approved procedure must be followed. 28 .Procedural Elements cont’d Energizing the Circuit or Equipment – cont’d  That in exceptional circumstances. and  How to ensure that the affected employees are notified of the surrender of the isolation guarantee. The procedure must define:  The approval process needed to proceed with energizing the circuit.  How to ensure that all affected employees are clear and protective grounds are removed.

Program Administration The Control of Hazardous Energy .Lockout/Tagout Standard and Program 29 .Lockout/Tagout must have the following program administrative elements:  Enforcement .of the Control of Hazardous Energy Lockout/Tagout Standard and Program  Clearly Defined Roles Responsibilities .for those positions involved in the Lockout/Tagout  Inspections – by supervisory staff of the application of the Control of Hazardous Energy .

performing work on AES circuits or equipment isolated using a lockout/tagout procedure must be familiar with the facility’s lockout/tagout policies and procedures 30 .Program Administration Program administrative elements cont’d:  Auditing .the Operation must ensure that all employees working on equipment using a lockout/tagout procedure are trained and knowledgeable in the program elements  Contractors .  Employee Training .Lockout/Tagout Program.to assess the effectiveness of the Control of Hazardous Energy .

Conclusion The Control of Hazardous Energy .Lockout/Tagout Standard and Program will allow the AES Operation and its contractors to be protected from the unexpected release of electrical energy while working on isolated and grounded electrical circuits and equipment Employees must ensure their individual Lockout/Tagout responsibilities are complied with to protect themselves and others. 31 .

Lockout/Tagout Everybody working together to establish a trusted and safe work environment. 32 .Key To Successful Control of Hazardous Energy .