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Prepared by

Gyanaraj Das
Final Year Student Orissa Enginering College


• Evolutionary path to 3G services for GSM and TDMA operators • Builds on General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) air interface and networks • Phase 1 (Release’99 & 2002 deployment) supports best effort packet data at speeds up to about 384 kbps • Phase 2 (Release’2000 & 2003 deployment) will add Voice over IP capability


GPRS Air link
• • • • • • General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) Same GMSK modulation as GSM 4 channel coding modes Packet-mode supporting up to about 144 kbps Flexible time slot allocation (1-8) Radio resources shared dynamically between speech and data services • Independent uplink and downlink resource allocation


EDGE Airlink
• Extends GPRS packet data with adaptive modulation/coding • 2x spectral efficiency of GPRS for best effort data • 8-PSK/GMSK at 271 ksps in 200 KHz RF channels supports 8.2 to 59.2 kbps per time slot • Supports peak rates over 384 kbps • Requires linear amplifiers with < 3 dB peak to average power ratio using linearized GMSK pulses • Initial deployment with less than 2x 1 MHz using 1/3 reuse with EDGE Compact as a complementary data service

Conversion of GPRS to EGPRS

EGPRS introduces changes to GPRS only on the base station system part of the network.

GPRS and EDGE: A comparison of technical data.


EDGE Modulation Techniques


Coding schemes for GPRS and EGPRS



Addressing Window

Protocol stalling. (Legend: MAC, Mobile allocation channel; PCU, Packet control unit; RLC, Radio link control)
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(Legend: CS, coding scheme; EGPRS, enhanced GPRS; MCS, modulation coding scheme)
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Requirements on EDGE
– EDGE- and non-EDGE-capable mobile stations should be able to share one and the same time slot. – EDGE- and non-EDGE-capable transceivers should be deployable in the same spectrum.

– A partial introduction of EDGE should be possible. It was so decided that two classes of terminals should be supported by the EDGE standard: – A terminal that provides 8PSK capability in the downlink only, and
– A terminal that provides 8PSK in the uplink and downlink.
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EDGE Benefits
Short-term benefits: Capacity and performance

Mid-term benefits: Complementary technology
Long-term benefit: Harmonization with WCDMA For Operator:

Migration to wireless multimedia services
Improved customer satisfaction Quick network implementation Optimized network investment as GSM enhancement
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Benefits to End Users
 Improved quality of service  Personal multimedia services  Potentially lower price per bit

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• EDGE is a 3G technology offering a common migration path and convergence for GSM and TDMA operators • EDGE Compact can be deployed with < 2x 1 MHz of spectrum • EDGE supports IP packet data at peak rates > 384 kbps • Voice over IP is planned for EDGE R’2000 standards

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[1] [2] “Data capabilities for GSM Evolution to UMTS”, November19, 2002. [3] Nokia, “A comparison between EDGE and Alternative Technologies”, June 5,2001. [4] Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution EDGE; Nokia’s vision for a service platform supporting high-speed data applications. [5] EDGE; Introduction of high-speed data in GSM/GPRS networks. [6] IEEE Personal Communications • June 1999 [7]
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Thank You!

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