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Mathematics

Techniques of Differentiation & its


Application
(Bilingual Edition – ENG & INA)
XI-Science-2 International Class
Group 6
•Rezky Khairun Zain
•Anteng Laras Palupi
•Pramashavira
•Wida Sanditya Kusuma

Teacher : Mr. Sutedjo, S.Pd


International Based Standard Senior
High School 8 Pekanbaru – Riau
Province - Indonesia
List of Questions
Daftar
Pertanyaan
• Number 19.
• Number 20.
• Number 21a
• Number 21b
Question #19
• A matchbox consists of an outer cover, open at both
breadth ends, into which slides a rectangular inner
box without a top. The length, y cm of the box is 1.5
times its breadth, x cm. If the volume of the
matchbox is to be 30 cm3 and that the thickness of
the material is to be taken as negligible, show that
the area, A cm2, of the material used is given by
160
A = 4.5 x +
2

x
If the material used to be a minimum, find the length
and height of the box, giving your answer correct to
2 decimal places
ANSWER!
BACK
Translation to Bahasa INA
Soal #19
• Sebuah kotak korek api, terdiri atas penutup luar, terbuka
pada sisi samping, di dalamnya ada sebuah kotak persegi
panjang tanpa tutup. Panjang kotak, y cm, 1.5 kali dari
lebarnya, x cm. Jika volume kotak korek api adalah 30cm3
dan ketebalan materialnya dapat diabaikan, tunjukkan bahwa
luas permukaannya, A cm2, diberikan :

160
A = 4.5 x +
2

Jika material yang digunakan harus minimal, temukan


panjang dan tinggi dari kotak, berikan jawabanmu tepat 2
desimal.
JAWAB!
BALIK
Question #20
• A rectangular piece of cardboard of length 62.5 cm and
width 40 cm is cut to the shape shown, in which all angles
are right angles. The cardboard is then folded along the
dotted lines to form a box of depth 2xcm. The box has a
lid to with tuck-in flaps of depth x cm. The thickness of
the cardboard may be neglected. Show that the volume,
V cm3, of the box is given by

V=10(2x3 - 45x2 + 250x)

Given that x may vary, calculate the two values of x for


which 2x3 - 45x2 + 250x has stationary values. State
which one of these two values of x is practical relevance
in the formation of the box and calculate the
corresponding value of V. Determine with working
ANSWER!
whether
BACK this value of V is a maximum or
Translation to Bahasa INA a minimum.
Soal #20
• Sebuah kertas karton berbentuk persegi panjang dengan
panjang 62.5 cm dan lebar 40 cm, dipotong berbentuk
seperti yang ditunjukkan, dimana semua sudutnya siku-
siku. Kartonnya pun kemudian dilipat sesuai dengan garis
titik-titik yang membentuk kedalaman 2x cm. Kotak
memiliki penutup yang bersirip kedalamannya x cm.
Ketebalan karton dapat diabaikan. Tunjukkan bahwa
volume kotaknya, V cm3, diberikan :

V=10(2x3 - 45x2 + 250x)

Diberikan nilai x bervariasi, hitunglah 2 nilai x untuk 2x3 -


45x2 + 250x yang memiliki nilai stasioner. Tentukan salah
satu dari 2 nilai tersebut yang relevan dengan bentuk
kotak dan hitunglah nilai volumenya. Tentukan apakah
nilai volume tersebut maksimum atau minimum.
JAWAB!
BALIK
Question #21a
• The diagram shows part of the line y=x and part
of the curve y=x(6-x). The point P lies on the line
and the point Q lies on the curve. The x-
coordinate of both P and Q is r, where 0≤r≤5,
and the distance PQ is denoted by h.
Express h in terms of r and hence find the
greatest value of h as r varies.
y
y=x(6-x) y=x

Q
h

P
x
0
r ANSWER!
BACK
Translation to Bahasa INA
Soal #21a
• Diagram menunjukkan bagian dari garis y=x
dan bagian dari kurva y=x(6-x). Titik P berada
di atas garis dan titik Q berada di atas kurva.
Koordinat x dari P & Q adalah r, dimana 0≤r≤5,
dan jarak antara PQ disimbolkan dengan h.
Tunjukkan h dalam r lalu temukan nilai
maksimum h, berdasarkan r yang bervariasi.
y
y=x(6-x) y=x

Q
h

P
x JAWAB!
BALIK 0
r
Question #21b
B P 2x C

50
Q
x
A D
80

• The diagram shows a rectangular field


ABCD with AB = 50 m and AD = 80 m.
The field is partitioned by three straight
lines AP, AQ, PQ. The distance of P
from C is twice the distance Q from D.
Find x and triangle’s area.
ANSWER!
BACK Translation to Bahasa INA
Soal #21b
B P 2x C

50
Q
x
A D
80
• Diagram menunjukkan daerah persegi
panjang ABCD denganAB = 50 m dan
AD = 80 m. Daerah itu dipisah oleh 2
garis lurus AP, AQ, PQ. Jarak P dari C
dua kali jarak Q dari D. Temukan nilai x
dan luas segitiga.
JAWAB!
BALIK
Answer #19
Known :
l = y = 1,5x 160
x=x A = 4.5 x 2 +
x
V=30cm2

160
A = 4,5 x + 2

x
A' = 0
V = 1,5 x 2 t
160
9x − 2
=0 30 = 1,5 x 2 t
x
160 20 20
9x = 2 t= 2
→ 2
= 2,94
x x (2,61)
160
x3 = → x = 2,61( p)
9
→ l = 1,5 × 2,61 = 3,91
BACK
Answer #20
2x cm x cm

40 cm

2x cm
62.5 cm
 62.5 − 5 x 
V=pxlx = .2 x.( 40 − 4 x ).
 2 
40 − 4 x t = ( 62.5 x − 5 x )( 40 − 4 x )
2

= 2500 x − 250 x 2 − 200 x 2 + 20 x 3


2x = 20 x 3 − 450 x 2 + 2500 x
62.5 − 5 x
2 (
V = 10 2 x 3 − 45 x 2 + 250 x )
V ' ( x) = 6 x 2 − 90 x + 250
3 x 2 − 45 x + 125 = 0

45 ± 45 2 − 4(3)(125) 45 ± 525
x1 , x2 = =
2(3) 6
45 + 525
→ x1 = = 11,3cm
6 62,5(3,68) × 2(3,68) × [ 40 − 4(3,68)]
BACK V max =
45 − 525 2
→ x2 = = 3,68cm
6 = 4102,64 ≈ 4103cm 3
Answer #21a
(Q) = ( r , r (6 − r ) )
Known/Diketahui :
( P) = ( r , r )
y
y=x(6-x) y=x
PQ = (r − r ) 2 + (6r − r 2 − r ) 2
PQ = (5r − r 2 ) 2 → h = 5r − r 2

hmaxwhen the ‘r’ is maximum too Q


h
so h’=0 (stationary) P
x
5 0
r
h' = 5 − 2r = 0 → r =
2
2
5 5 25 25 25 1
h max = 5 × −   = − = =6
2  2 2 4 4 4

or
− D b 2 − 4ac 5 2 − 4(−1)(0) − 25 25 1
h max = = = = = =6
4a 4a 4(−1) −4 4 4
BACK
Answer #21b
L▲APQ =L■ABCD-(L▲PCQ +L▲ABP + L▲AQD
 (50 − x)2 x (80 − 2 x )50 80 x 
50.80 −  + + 
80-2x L▲APQ =  2 2 2 
B P 2x C
 (100 x − 2 x 2 ) (4000 − 100 x ) 
4000 −  + + 40 x 
50-x L▲APQ =  2 2 
50
Q (
4000 − (50 x − x 2 ) + (2000 − 50 x) + 40 x )
x L▲APQ =
A D
x 2 − 40 x + 2000
f ' ( x ) = 2 x − 40 x
80
L▲APQ = 0 = 2 x − 40
2 x = 40
x = 20

BACK CONTINUE
Answer #21b

X = 20 m
80-2x
B P 2x C
L▲APQ = x − 40 x + 2000
2

50-x
50 20 2
− 40.20 + 2000
L▲APQ =
Q
x
A D L▲APQ = 400-800+2000
80

L▲APQ = 1600 m2

BACK