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Mathematics

Techniques of Differentiation & its Application (Bilingual Edition – ENG & INA)
XI-Science-2 International Class

Group 6
•Rezky Khairun Zain •Anteng Laras Palupi •Pramashavira •Wida Sanditya Kusuma Teacher : Mr. Sutedjo, S.Pd International Based Standard Senior High School 8 Pekanbaru – Riau Province - Indonesia

List of Questions Daftar Pertanyaan

• Number 19. • Number 20. • Number 21a • Number 21b

Question #19
• A matchbox consists of an outer cover, open at both breadth ends, into which slides a rectangular inner box without a top. The length, y cm of the box is 1.5 times its breadth, x cm. If the volume of the matchbox is to be 30 cm3 and that the thickness of the material is to be taken as negligible, show that the area, A cm2, of the material used is given by If the material used to be a minimum, find the length and height of the box, giving your answer correct to 2 decimal places
BACK ANSWER! Translation to Bahasa INA

160 A = 4.5 x + x
2

Soal #19
• Sebuah kotak korek api, terdiri atas penutup luar, terbuka pada sisi samping, di dalamnya ada sebuah kotak persegi panjang tanpa tutup. Panjang kotak, y cm, 1.5 kali dari lebarnya, x cm. Jika volume kotak korek api adalah 30cm3 dan ketebalan materialnya dapat diabaikan, tunjukkan bahwa luas permukaannya, A cm2, diberikan :

160 A = 4.5 x + x
2

Jika material yang digunakan harus minimal, temukan panjang dan tinggi dari kotak, berikan jawabanmu tepat 2 desimal.
BALIK JAWAB!

Question #20
• A rectangular piece of cardboard of length 62.5 cm and width 40 cm is cut to the shape shown, in which all angles are right angles. The cardboard is then folded along the dotted lines to form a box of depth 2xcm. The box has a lid to with tuck-in flaps of depth x cm. The thickness of the cardboard may be neglected. Show that the volume, V cm3, of the box is given by V=10(2x3 - 45x2 + 250x) Given that x may vary, calculate the two values of x for which 2x3 - 45x2 + 250x has stationary values. State which one of these two values of x is practical relevance in the formation of the box and calculate the corresponding value of V. Determine with working ANSWER! whether this value of V is a to Bahasa INA a minimum. maximum or Translation BACK

Soal #20
• Sebuah kertas karton berbentuk persegi panjang dengan panjang 62.5 cm dan lebar 40 cm, dipotong berbentuk seperti yang ditunjukkan, dimana semua sudutnya sikusiku. Kartonnya pun kemudian dilipat sesuai dengan garis titik-titik yang membentuk kedalaman 2x cm. Kotak memiliki penutup yang bersirip kedalamannya x cm. Ketebalan karton dapat diabaikan. Tunjukkan bahwa volume kotaknya, V cm3, diberikan : V=10(2x3 - 45x2 + 250x) Diberikan nilai x bervariasi, hitunglah 2 nilai x untuk 2x3 45x2 + 250x yang memiliki nilai stasioner. Tentukan salah satu dari 2 nilai tersebut yang relevan dengan bentuk kotak dan hitunglah nilai volumenya. Tentukan apakah nilai volume tersebut maksimum atau minimum.
BALIK JAWAB!

Question #21a
• The diagram shows part of the line y=x and part of the curve y=x(6-x). The point P lies on the line and the point Q lies on the curve. The xcoordinate of both P and Q is r, where 0≤r≤5, and the distance PQ is denoted by h. Express h in terms of r and hence find the greatest value of h as r varies.
y y=x(6-x) y=x

Q h P 0 x

BACK

r

ANSWER!

Translation to Bahasa INA

Soal #21a
• Diagram menunjukkan bagian dari garis y=x dan bagian dari kurva y=x(6-x). Titik P berada di atas garis dan titik Q berada di atas kurva. Koordinat x dari P & Q adalah r, dimana 0≤r≤5, dan jarak antara PQ disimbolkan dengan h. Tunjukkan h dalam r lalu temukan nilai maksimum h, berdasarkan r yang bervariasi.
y y=x(6-x) y=x

Q h P x 0 r

BALIK

JAWAB!

Question #21b
B 50 Q x A 80 D P 2x C

The diagram shows a rectangular field ABCD with AB = 50 m and AD = 80 m. The field is partitioned by three straight lines AP, AQ, PQ. The distance of P from C is twice the distance Q from D. Find x and triangle’s area.
Translation to Bahasa INA ANSWER!

BACK

Soal #21b
B 50 Q x A 80 D P 2x C

Diagram menunjukkan daerah persegi panjang ABCD denganAB = 50 m dan AD = 80 m. Daerah itu dipisah oleh 2 garis lurus AP, AQ, PQ. Jarak P dari C dua kali jarak Q dari D. Temukan nilai x dan luas segitiga.

BALIK

JAWAB!

Answer #19
Known : l = y = 1,5x x=x V=30cm2

A = 4.5 x 2 +

160 x

160 A = 4,5 x + x A' = 0
2

BACK

160 =0 2 x 160 9x = 2 x 160 x3 = → x = 2,61( p) 9 → l = 1,5 × 2,61 = 3,91 9x −

V = 1,5 x 2 t 30 = 1,5 x 2 t t= 20 20 → = 2,94 2 2 x (2,61)

Answer #20
2x cm 40 cm x cm

2x cm 62.5 cm
40 − 4 x

= V = p x l x 2  2 t = ( 62.5 x − 5 x )( 40 − 4 x )

 62.5 − 5 x  .2 x.( 40 − 4 x ). 

62.5 − 5 x 2

2x

= 20 x 3 − 450 x 2 + 2500 x V = 10 2 x 3 − 45 x 2 + 250 x

= 2500 x − 250 x 2 − 200 x 2 + 20 x 3

(

)

V ' ( x) = 6 x 2 − 90 x + 250 3 x 2 − 45 x + 125 = 0
45 ± 45 2 − 4(3)(125) 45 ± 525 x1 , x2 = = 2(3) 6 45 + 525 = 11,3cm 6 45 − 525 → x2 = = 3,68cm 6 → x1 =

BACK

V max =

62,5(3,68) × 2(3,68) × [ 40 − 4(3,68)] 2 3 = 4102,64 ≈ 4103cm

Answer #21a
Known/Diketahui :

(Q) = ( r , r (6 − r ) ) ( P) = ( r , r )

y y=x(6-x) y=x

PQ = (r − r ) 2 + (6r − r 2 − r ) 2 PQ = (5r − r 2 ) 2 → h = 5r − r 2

hmaxwhen the ‘r’ is maximum too so h’=0 (stationary)
h' = 5 − 2r = 0 → r =
2

Q h P 0 r x

5 2

5 5 25 25 25 1 h max = 5 × −   = − = =6 2  2 2 4 4 4

or
− D b 2 − 4ac 5 2 − 4(−1)(0) − 25 25 1 h max = = = = = =6 4a 4a 4(−1) −4 4 4

BACK

Answer #21b
L▲APQ =L■ABCD-(L▲PCQ +L▲ABP + L▲AQD
80-2x P 2x

B 50

C

L▲APQ =

 (50 − x)2 x (80 − 2 x )50 80 x  50.80 −  + +  2 2 2  
 (100 x − 2 x 2 ) (4000 − 100 x )  4000 −  + + 40 x    2 2  

50-x L▲APQ = Q x

L▲APQ = L▲APQ =

4000 − (50 x − x 2 ) + (2000 − 50 x) + 40 x

(

)

A

80

D

x 2 − 40 x + 2000

f ' ( x ) = 2 x − 40 x 0 = 2 x − 40 2 x = 40 x = 20

BACK

CONTINUE

Answer #21b
X = 20 m
B 50 80-2x P 2x C 50-x Q x A 80 D

L▲APQ = x − 40 x + 2000
2

20 2 − 40.20 + 2000 L▲APQ =
L▲APQ = 400-800+2000 L▲APQ = 1600 m2

BACK