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THE NOBLE PRIZE

THE MOST PRESTIGIOUS PRIZE IN THE WORLD SINCE 1901
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ALFRED BERNHARD NOBEL

The Man Behind The Prize

•Instituted Nobel Prize in his last will in 1895. •Alfred Nobel is also called as “The Father of the Explosives”.

THE FOUNDER
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AWAR DIN G DI SCIP LIN ES AN D IN STIT UT IO NS AWARDING DISCIPLINES AWARDING INSTITUTIONS
PHYSICS •CHEMISTRY •MEDICINE OR PHYSIOLOGY •LITERATURE •PEACE THE ROYAL SWEDISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES KAROLINSKA INSTITUTE THE SWEDISH ACADEMY NORWEGIAN NOBEL COMMITTEE

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HO W AR E T HE N OBEL L AUR EAT ES SELEC TED ?

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AWARD CEREMONIES
•Nobel Prize award ceremonies are held on 10 December in Stockholm, Sweden. •The Nobel Peace Prize is given in Oslo, Norway.

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WHA T THE NOB EL LAURE ATES RE CEI The Nobel laureate receive three things; VE ?
 

The Nobel Prize Diploma The Nobel Prize Medal

 

 The Nobel Prize Amount
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THE N OBEL PRIZE DIPLO MA
•Every Nobel Prize Diploma is a unique work of Swedish and Norwegian artists and calligraphers

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THE NOBEL PRIZE •Every Nobel Prize Medal isLS MEDA
made from 18 carat green gold plated with 24 carat gold. •Each medal weighs 200 grams and has a diameter of 66mm. •The front side of medals (except Nobel Peace Medal) features a portrait of Alfred Nobel and the years of his birth and death in Latin

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THE NOBEL PRIZE MEDALS OF PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY

The medal of The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences represents Nature in the form of a goddess resembling Isis, emerging from the clouds and holding in her arms a cornucopia. The veil which covers her cold and austere face is held up by the Genius of Science. The inscription on the edge reads "And they who bettered life on earth by their newly found mastery."

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HE NOBEL P RIZE M ED AL O F PHYSIOLO GY OR M ED ICI N

•The medal of the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute represents the Genius of Medicine holding an open book in her lap, collecting the water pouring out from a rock in order to quench a sick girl's thirst.

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THE NO BE L PRIZE M ED AL O F LIT ER AT URE

The medal of the Swedish Academy represents a young man sitting under a laurel tree who, enchanted, listens to and writes down the song of the Muse.

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THE NOBEL PRIZE MEDAL OF PEACE

The face of the medal of the Norwegian Nobel Committee shows Alfred Nobel in a pose slightly different from that of the other medals. The other side of the Nobel Peace Prize medal represents a group of three men forming a fraternal bond. The inscription reads: "For the peace and brotherhood of men".
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THE NOBEL PRIZE AMOUNT
•Nobel Prize amount keeps changing from year to year but for the last 8 years it is 10 million Swedish kronor (almost 1.2 million US $) for each prize.
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PRIDE OF PAKISTAN

NOBEL LAUREATE IN PHYSICS, 1979
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• 809 Nobel laureates in total. • 754 are men • 35 are women

FACTS AND FIG URES

• 20 are organizations • 6 laureates have been awarded more than once. •USA stands first with 309 laureates •United Kingdom has got 113 •Germany ranks third with 102 laureates.
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CONTROVERSI ES AN D CR ITICI SM S
•Overlooked achievements •Lack of a Nobel Prize in Mathematics •Emphasis on discoveries over inventions

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THE END
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