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By Frank Bisbee
If you finish before me. Your task is to gather valuable information.Before we start VDV/IBS Conference attendees Our job is to deliver a quality presentation. Please leave the room quietly So you don't wake the others 2 .
Data (10/100 Mbps/ Gigabit Ethernet) Voice. Data (10/100 Mbps Ethernet) Voice. is the ability to pass all signals up to a particular carrier frequency (or signaling rate). Cat5. 2 The Cat 6 Standard has not yet been officially ratified by the EIA/TIA so the specs used by the manufacturer to claim the cable is Cat 6 are based on the current draft of the Standard. Data (10/100 Mbps/ Gigabit Ethernet) 16 MHz 100 MHz 100 MHz 16 MHz 100 MHz 200 MHz Cat 5 ENH1 * 350 MHz See note 1. Below is a table of the types of Category Cable we install.? A: This is actually a somewhat complex question to answer as it involves a number of technical details. Data (10/100 Mbps/ Gigabit Ethernet) Voice.• FAQ Q: What is the difference between Cat3. The table shows the Maximum Carrier Frequencies required by the EIA/TIA 568 Standards for each category of cable and the Maximum Frequencies the manufacturer actually tests the cable to. ACR. 3 . Cat5e. Cat6. Additional standards have to be met include values for attenuation. The most basic answer is that each Category of cable is supposed to meet (or exceed) a specific set of standards. etc. the most significant of which. etc. Category Typical Applications Frequency Required Tested to EIA/TIA Ratified Standard? Yes Yes Yes Cat 3 Cat 5 Cat 5e Voice Voice. near end cross talk (NEXT). Cat 62 200(250?) MHz 500 MHz Draft 1 Cat 5 ENH is another version of Cat 5e offered by the manufacturer we use that further exceeds the Cat 5e EIA/TIA Standard.
Removals. & Changes demand the same level of care Our surveys indicate this is a universal rule for all (Vendors) CAT6 cabling systems 4 .WARNING Cabling installation is not for the untrained CAT6 cabling systems are CRAFT INTENSIVE Extreme care must be used when installing or servicing CAT6 cable systems MARCS = Moves. Adds.
Bandwidth precedes data rates just as highways come before traffic. The trends of the past and the predictions for the future indicate that data rates have been doubling every 18 months. Doubling the bandwidth is like adding twice the number of lanes on a highway. 5 .Why do I need all the bandwidth of category 6? As far as I know. Note: Bandwidth is defined as the highest frequency up to which positive power sum ACR (attenuation-to-crosstalk ratio) is greater than zero. it makes sense to plan ahead. With additional throughput requirements right around the corner. there is no application today that requires 200 MHz of bandwidth.
6 . Today many experts are in agreement that the need for speed is approaching copper's max. We must begin to look at hybrid designs that incorporate new technologies mixed with the traditional copper UTP.Barrier of Obsolescence 2020 2010 2000 1990 1980 1970 S P E E D The barrier of obsolescence is the point where the functionality of copper based communications cabling can no longer deliver the required speeds of the network. For many years the communications industry has "guessed" at the maximum effective speed of copper (UTP) cabling.
except that it is made to a higher standard (see comparison chart on next slide). Category 7 Same as Category 6. and an overall shield enwraps all four pairs. Category 5 E is recommended for all new installations. The Category 6 standard is now officially part of the 568A standard. • • 7 . 5 E. except that it is made to somewhat more stringent standards (see comparison chart below). Category 7 will use an entirely new connector (other than the familiar RJ-45). the most common (compared to SCTP) in the United States.Network Cable • Category 5 Cable (UTP) (Unshielded Twisted Pair) A multipair (usually 4 pair) high performance cable that consists of twisted pair conductors. The Category 7 standard is still in the works (as of this writing) and is not yet part of the 568A standard. category-5 UTP cabling systems are by far. Category 6 Cable Same as Category 5 E. except that it is made to a higher standard (see comparison chart below). One major difference with category 7's construction (as compared with category 5. Note: The twisting of the pairs gives the cable a certain amount of immunity from the infiltration of unwanted interference. and was designed for transmission speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second (Gigabit Ethernet). used mainly for data transmission. The Category 5 E standard is now officially part of the 568A standard. Category 5 cable is typically used for Ethernet networks running at 10 or 100 Mbps. Basic cat 5 cable was designed for characteristics of up to 100 MHz. Category 5 E Cable (enhanced) Same as Category 5. and 6) is that all 4 pairs are individually shielded.
CAUTION Cabling installation is not for the untrained CAT6 cabling systems are CRAFT INTENSIVE Extreme care must be used when installing or servicing CAT6 cable systems MARCS = Moves. & Changes demand the same level of care Our surveys indicate this is a universal rule for all (Vendors) CAT6 cabling systems 8 . Removals. Adds.
http://pulse. the resultant cabling will satisfy the category transmission requirements of the lower performing component. but nowhere near Cat 6 requirements. The actual performance will probably be somewhat better.org/article. because the components have requirements in and of themselves to assure interoperability with other Cat 6 components. Category 6 cabling recognizes advances in cabling technology and is designed to be backward compatible with Categories 3. 5 and 5e. you can set up a channel using any components and measure it using a Cat 6 (level III) compliant tester. It would not be standards compliant however.If we use a Cat 5e RJ45 connector and connect it to a Cat 6 UTP cable. This ensures that any applications that operate on lower category cabling will be fully supported by Category 6 cabling. When different category components are mixed with Category 6 components. it is Cat 6 performance compliant. and if it passes.tiaonline. will the installation be Cat5e or Cat 6? By definition (of the standard).cfm?id=849 9 . Of course. it will be a Cat 5e channel.
What is the shortest link that the standard will allow? There is no short length limit. 10 .Is there a limitation on the size of bundles one can have with category 6? Can you have 200-300 and still pass category 6? MAYBE NOT! There is no limit imposed by the standards on the maximum number of Category 6 cables in a bundle. The standard is intended to work for all lengths up to 100 meters.1 that says the consolidation point should be located at least 15 meters away from the telecommunications room to reduce the effect of connectors in close proximity. It should be pointed out that after six or eight cables. This recommendation is based upon worst-case performance calculations for short links with four mated connections in the channel. There is a guideline in ANSI/TIA/EIA-568B. This is a matter for the market and the industry to determine based on practical considerations. the performance in any cable will not change significantly since the cables will be too far away to add any additional external (or alien) NEXT.
& Changes demand the same level of care Our surveys indicate this is a universal rule for all (Vendors) CAT6 cabling systems 11 .SPECIAL NOTICE Cabling installation is not for the untrained CAT6 cabling systems are CRAFT INTENSIVE Extreme care must be used when installing or servicing CAT6 cable systems MARCS = Moves. Adds. Removals.
Are the connectors for category 5e and category 6 different? Why are they more expensive? Although Category 6 and Category 5e connectors may look alike. NEXT of a Category 5e connector is 43 decibels (dB). new processes. 12 . For example. Will contractors be able to make their own patch cords? Category 6 patch cords are precision products. This vast improvement in performance was achieved with new technology. They are best manufactured and tested in a controlled environment to ensure consistent. This means that a Category 6 connector couples about 1/12 of the power that a Category 5e connector couples from one pair to another pair. This will ensure interoperability and backward compatibility. at 100 MHz. All this supports patch cords as a factory-assembled product rather than a field-assembled product. Conversely. better materials and significant R&D resources. just like the cables and the connectors. one can say that a Category 6 connector is 12 times less "noisy" compared to a Category 5e connector. reliable performance. leading to higher costs for manufacturers. while NEXT of a Category 6 connector is 54 dB. Category 6 connectors have much better transmission performance.
Installation of copper cabling is more craft-friendly and can be accomplished with simple tools and techniques. and today optical fiber together with optical transceivers is about twice as expensive as an equivalent system built using Category 6 and associated copper electronics.3af). economics drive customer decisions. 13 . recent announcements indicate that the major PC vendors are shipping 10/100/1000 with all new systems. PCs ship with copper network interfaces included.Why wouldn’t I skip category 6 and go straight to optical fiber? You can certainly do that. copper cabling supports the data terminal equipment (DTE) power standard developed by IEEE (802. but you will find that a fiber system is still very expensive. Moving to fiber would mean buying a fiber-based network card to replace equipment already included in the PC. Ultimately. Additionally. in fact.
This is because it is so difficult to replace cabling inside walls. So why not do it for a premium of about 20 percent over Category 5e on an installed basis? 14 . it is always better to install the best cabling available. category 5e? From a future proofing perspective. The rationale is that cabling will last at least 10 years and will support at least four to five generations of equipment during that time. If future equipment running at much higher data rates requires better cabling. in ducts under floors and other difficult places to access. it will be very expensive to pull out Category 5e cabling at a later time to install Category 6 cabling.When should I recommend or install category 6 vs.
They are proposing the use of a 4-way service box which contains cables for electrical and Cat 6.Which standard addresses the combination of electrical cable and Cat 6 regarding performance or sensitivity? I'm an ICT Consultant for a university and in process of designing the infrastructure for them. We cannot find in the standard about the combination of electrical cable and Cat 6 cabling either of performance or sensitivity. We are facing a problem with M & E consultant on the trunking design. 15 . TIA/EIA-569 "Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications Pathways and Spaces" includes all necessary provisions for service boxes and enclosures. There are no special considerations associated with Cat 6 cabling. They are using Cat 6 cable as horizontal cabling and fiber optic as backbone.
Adds. Removals. & Changes demand the same level of care Our surveys indicate this is a universal rule for all (Vendors) CAT6 cabling systems 16 .IMPORTANT Cabling installation is not for the untrained CAT6 cabling systems are CRAFT INTENSIVE Extreme care must be used when installing or servicing CAT6 cable systems MARCS = Moves.
Total Network SuperVision™. 5e. That's Fluke Networks' promise to you. coaxial cabling and security wiring. Total control. Our tools are ideal for verifying Cat 5. For network owners and installers who are constantly swapping cubes and stations and making other infrastructure changes. moves and changes. twisted pair.TESTING Copper verification: it pays For datacom installers. New! 2003 Network SuperVision Solutions Catalog for the Copper and Fiber Cabling Infrastructure-. Total integration.6MB) 17 . covering a broad range of physical media that is typically installed in commercial and residential buildings.take a look at the most comprehensive line of premises network testing solutions (1. Fluke Networks provides the troubleshooting tools to master cabling installation and subsequent adds. copper verification has become part of daily testing for good reason: it pays to verify before you certify. 6.
NOT IN STOCK 18 .00* *Passes UL/NFPA 262 & 255 . FL Cat 5e Non Plenum $66.00 $240.00 $194.all FEP construction Limited Combustible Cable .List of cables and street prices as of 3/9/2004 Jacksonville.00 6 strand Single-Mode Fiber Non Plenum $220.00 $490.00 Cat 6 Non Plenum 6 Strand Multi-Mode Fiber Non Plenum Cat 5e Plenum $98.00 $ no price available* $445.00 Cat 6 Plenum 6 Strand Multi-Mode Fiber Plenum 6 Strand Single-Mode Fiber Plenum Cat 5e Limited Combustible-CMP Cat 6 Limited Combustible-CMP $332.50 $460.
FL 32216-5470 (904) 645-9077 * FAX (904) 645-9058 19 .CP C Communication Planning Corporation Consulting * Syste m De sign * Installation * Se rv ice 4160 Southside Blvd.Suite 3 * Jacksonville..
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