INDUSTRIALIZATION

Unit #3 U.S. History CP

or a place. or a section of the earth in which science and invention have worked such progress or have created such opportunity for material welfare as in these United States in the period which has elapsed since the end of the Civil War. 1891 .” -Edward Atkinson. “There has never been in history of civilization a period.

What is industrialization? It is the movement from agriculture to manufacturing as the main source of economic growth. .

The revolution in Great Britain was the combining of: a. it was an evolution: roots of industrialization began in China & India centuries earlier. b. including American colonies 1. Machines Schedules Division of Labor .I. c. The Roots of the Industrial Revolution in the United States Started by Great Britain and spread throughout its empire. 2. However. A.

B. C. 2nd Industrial Revolution: Heavy Industry (steel). Begins in the 1860s. Begins in the 1890s D. 1st Industrial Revolution: Textiles in the U. Begins in the 1870s . Begins in the 1820s. 3rd Industrial Revolution: Consumer Goods. Different Stages of the Industrial Revolution A.S. 4th Industrial Revolution: Technological Revolution.II.

OPENING of the WEST= NEW RESOURCES  Raw material (coal. the following “ingredients” were in place for BIG CHANGE: 1. oil. 5 Factors of Industrialism: After 1870. iron) = POWER  Gold & Silver = CAPITOL to invest .III.

S.5 Factors of Industrialism (continued) 2. POPULATION:  Immigration: More than 15 million came to US between 1860-1890  Overall Growth: Population went from 31 million in 1860 to 75 million in 1890  WHAT DOES THIS MEAN for INDUSTRIALIZATION?  More Cheap Labor & More Consumers . HUGE INCREASE in U.

000 miles!  U.S has the world’s largest network by 1900. In 1890. there was over 200. MAJOR TRANSPORTATION NETWORK:  Railroads= There was over 30.000 miles of track in 1860.5 Factors of Industrialism: (continued) 3.  Steamships & Canal .

5 Factors of Industrialism: (continued) 4. ENTREPRENEURS BEGIN CORPORATIONS in 1830  Companies begin to sell shares of stock to public  Shared ownership= less risk and more $$$ available .

 Bessemer Steel Process= modernized steelmaking  Tin Can= 1880s  Typewriter= 1869  Automobile= 1901 .5 Factors of Industrialism: (continued) 5. By 1890 there are 500. TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES:  Telephones= invented in 1870.000 in use  Electricity= Thomas Edison invents in 1880s.

Shipping/Buying discount (bulk) . Drop in cost for producers D. More resources= more capital= greater efficiencies and/or new technology C.IV. ECONOMIES of SCALE A. Drop in cost for customers E. Ability to produce & sell large numbers of products B.

efficient tasks A. TAYLORISM  Greater Efficiency 1. Assembly line . Decreased employee control 3. After careful observation of workers 2. Breakdown of production process into the smallest. What does it prompt later? 1. Increased profits C.V. most repetitive. What does it mean? B. Increased efficiency 2. Why needed? 1.

Via efficiency & higher productivity B. IMACT on LABOR A. Employers 1. Seek increased profits… 2. Machines 2.VI. Division of Labor 3. Schedules . Key components to industrial REVOLUTION: 1.

IMACT on LABOR (continued) C. Relies on use of standardized parts & specialization>>> mass production 2.VI. Mechanization: 1. Outcome: lower production costs/raise worker output .

Workers are now employees for hire (wages for time) rather than producers (paid for quality of product) 4. iron) 2. Dangerous & unhealthy working conditions . Mechanization’s Impact on Labor: 1. glass. Creation of rigid work schedules & repetitive routines. such as assembly lines >>> loss of workers’ independence 3. Destruction of skilled craft workers (ie. IMACT on LABOR (continued) D.VI.

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