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Security Level: INTERNAL

TP48200A V300R001C03 Training Slide


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Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Preface
This course describes TP48200A V300R001C03 (TP48200A for short) in terms of its working principles, system installation, routine maintenance, and troubleshooting.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 2

Reference Documentation
TP48200A V300R001C03 User Manual
TP48200A V300R001C03 Engineer Manual TP48200A V300R001C03 Technical Proposal

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Course Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:
Understand the features and working principles of the

TP48200A.

Understand the installation, commissioning, and routine maintenance for the TP48200A.

Understand how to rectify common TP48200A faults.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page4

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning

Chapter 4 Acceptance
Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 5

1.1 Development History of the Communication Power Supply


Before 1980 19801990
First generation linear power supply Second generation phase-controlled power supply

Efficiency: 50%60% Key part: power triode Control mode: analog control

Since 2009
Efficiency: < 80% Key part: silicon controlled thyristor (SCR) Control mode: analog control 19902008 Green power Intelligent power supply
Fourth generation full-digital and high-efficiency power supply

Third generation switch mode power supply

Efficiency: < 92% Key parts: insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) and metal-oxide semiconductor (MOS) Control mode: analog and halfdigital control
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Efficiency: > 96% Key parts: CoolMOS and digital signal processor (DSP) Control mode: full-digital and adaptive control

1.2 Application Scenarios of the Communication Power Supply


Residential block
Outdoor cabinettype power supply

Residential block TP48200A Residential block

TP48200A

TP48200A
Outdoor cabinettype power supply

Core network

Backbone network

Access network Outdoor cabinet/Remo te area

TP48200A
Indoor power supply Indoor power supply

Outdoor cabinet

TP48200A

Remote area/Outdoor power cabinet Enterprise Desktop power supply Remote area/Pole-mount power supply

Optical fiber Twisted pair

Solar power supply Indoor power supply

Wind power supply

Wireless network Category 5 cable

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply

Mains input

AC power distribution

Rectifier unit two to four rectifiers

DC power distribution

-48 V

Signal control Standby AC output MODEM


TCP/IP Intelligent equipment communicat ion protocol

RS485 port Environment monitoring

SMU02B
Dry contact

Battery string

Remote monitoring

Switch

Local monitoring on the console

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Page8

1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Working principle of rectifiers Rectifiers convert AC power into stable DC power, functioning as the heart of a system power supply.
RS485 port SMU

220 V AC

AC/DC

48 V

Rectifiers provide the following functions:

Power conversion
Signal detection, such as voltage, current, and temperature signals Protection against faults such as over-temperature, overvoltage, and short circuits Communication and monitoring
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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Topology of a rectifier

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Working principle of site monitoring

Master/Slave

Application

Transmission

Local/Web

Management

Collection

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


The SMU controls the operating status of the entire system, functioning as the brain of a system power supply.
Explanation: The SMU is connected to the busbar. The power is
SMU LUI WEB Data display layer Protoco l Northbound equipment

supplied by the unit or the storage batteries.


The collection layer collects data of analog parameters, Boolean value, and southbound equipment. The data is processed by the data processing layer

Data processing layer

and is sent to the subordinate equipment.


The data processing layer processes data such as alarms and logs collected by the collection layer. The data display layer displays the processing results to users over LUI, Web, or protocols.
Analog input Boolean value input Boolean value output Southbound equipment Collection layer (CAN, RS485, main board)

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Power management Battery management Environment monitoring

SMU

Communication management Alarm processing Detection and control

Generator

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Power management
Voltage: Total loads:

Active alarms Historical alarms System logs

Power management

CAN bus port Plug and play Intelligent hibernation

RS485

Multi-level low voltage disconnect (LVD) Shutdown against overtemperature and alarm correlation

AC power distribution DC power distribution Battery parameters

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Intelligent battery management by the SMU
Battery voltage Battery current

Normal float charging

Battery discharge caused by AC power absence or other factors

LLVD

BLVD

Constant-current equalized charging after preliminary current limiting

Constant-voltage equalized charging

Restoration

Temperature Capacity test compensation

Restoration after preliminary current limiting

Brief Battery Management Graph


Voltage curve Current curve

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Alarm management
buzzer indicator LCD/WEB Reports alarms through communication Dry contact reporting

Alarm Medium
Level 4 alarm Severity level can be set.
Critical alarm Critical alarm Major alarms Minor alarms Warning alarm

Severity Record

Alarm signal

200 active alarms 1000 historical alarms Type, date, and time

Mains absence Busbar undervoltage Charge overcurrent Battery disconnection Load power-off Battery string loop broken Ambient temperature alarm Too high or low ambient humidity Water intrusion Smoke generation Door status alarm Rectifier alarm Load fuse blown alarm SPD failure alarm

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1.3 Working Principles of the Communication Power Supply (Continued)


Communication processing
N M S

FE/RS485/Dry contact

Note: At present, the TP48200A provides only an in-band management port without software commissioning. Therefore, do not publicize this feature.

Third-party device

In-band

Out-of-band

Third-party

Dry contact Remote communication


Remote control

Remote monitoring

Rectifier startup and shutdown Boost and floating charge of the rectifier Rectifier voltage and current adjustment Battery/Load connection and disconnection Battery string test

AC input voltage DC Load Current Battery string current DC busbar voltage Battery temperature Temperature and humidity

Mains availability and mains phase loss Mains undervoltage or overvoltage DC overvoltage or undervoltage Rectifier status Load fuse status Battery fuse status Boolean value status

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Questions
What parts does the communication power supply consist of? What functions

does each part provide?


What are main parameters and indexes of the communication power supply? What external ports do the SMU and rectifiers provide?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page18

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A

Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning


Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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2.1 Introduction to AC-to-DC Converter Series


Huawei develops power supplies from the perspective of networks and therefore understands customer requirements better than other power supply vendors do. At present, Huawei provides the following selfdeveloped power supplies (including under-development power supplies), and the types of power supplies are continuously increasing:
RRU, Micro site, FTTX, Micro wave
Outdoor
TP48200AX3H4 TP48200AX3H5 TP48200AX3H6 TP48200AV3R1C03 TP48600A-V3F0

Wireless BTS, Fixed network access, Transmission, Intranet

Core network

Cabinet-type Indoor

TP48200B-N20A5 TP48200B-N20A6 TP48200B-L20A5

TP48200B-N20B1 TP48300/A TP48300B-N16B2 TP48600B-N16B2

Outdoor

TP4890C-I TP4890C-D06A5 TP4890C-D06A3 TP4890C-D06A6

TP4890C-II TP4890C-D06A2 TP4890C-D06A1 TP4890C-D06A7

Wall hung

Indoor
TP4830H-10 A TP4830H-30 A TP4830H-N06B1

Embedded
ETP48120-C1 10 A 30 A ETP48240-C2 ETP48200 (8 U) 120 A ETP48200-A6 ETP48200-B6 240 A 300 A 600 A 10000

60 A

200 A

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A


Names and models of cabinets for the TP48200A
Cabinet A B C D E F G BOM Number 01071337 01071338 01071339 01071340 01071342 01071343 01071344 Model TP48200A-H15A3 TP48200A-H15A5 TP48200A-D15A1 TP48200E-H09A1 TP48200E-D09A1 TBC300A-DCA1 TBC300A-TCA1 Remarks Integrated cabinet, heat exchange southern-type power cabinet Integrated cabinet, heat exchange northern-type power cabinet Integrated cabinet, natural ventilation southern-type power cabinet Split-type cabinet, heat exchange southern-type power cabinet Split-type cabinet, natural ventilation southern-type power cabinet Split-type cabinet, natural ventilation southern-type battery cabinet Split-type cabinet, thermoelectric cooler (TEC) battery cabinet

Mapping between application scenarios and cabinets for the TP48200A


Scenario 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cabinet A B C D E D+F Remarks Used independently Used independently Used independently Used independently Used independently Used in combination

7
8 9

D+G
E+F E+G

Used in combination
Used in combination Used in combination

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)


PDM Power distribution module (PDM) Door status sensor SMU Door status sensor SMU

Rectifier

Rectifier Filter

Space for customer equipment (8 U)

Space for customer equipment (8 U) DC fan Battery compartment

Heat exchanger

Battery compartment Heater (optional for northern-type products)

Composition of the TP48200A-H15A3/H15A5

Composition of the TP48200A-D15A1

TP48200E-H09A1

TP48200E-D09A1

TBC300A-DCA1

TBC300A-TCA1

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)


No. Specifications Environmental specifications Operating temperature of northern-type products (TP48200A-H15A5 and TP48200E-H09A1): 40 C (40 F) to +45 C (+113 F), with solar radiation Operating temperature of southern-type products (TP48200A-H15A3, TP48200A-D15A1, TP48200E-D09A1, TBC300A-DCA1, and TBC300A-TCA1): 1 10 C (+14 F) to +45 C (+113 F), with solar radiation Storage temperature: 40 C (40 F) to +70 C (+158 F) Altitude: 4000 m (13123.20 ft). When the altitude ranges from 2000 m (6561.6 ft) to 4000 m (13,123.20 ft), the operating temperature decreases as the altitude increases. Humidity: 5% to 95% RH 2 AC power distribution 2.1 Three-phase inputs, compatible with single-phase inputs 2.2 Number of inputs: 1 2.3 Maximum input current: 82 A (involving a 16 A maintenance socket) 2.4 Rated input voltage: three-phase 346 V AC to 415 V AC/200 V AC to 240 V AC single-phase 200 V AC to 240 V AC 2.5 Input frequency range: 4565 Hz Rated frequency: 50 Hz or 60 Hz 2.6 Surge protection for mains input: class C 2.7 One 16 A circuit breaker for the maintenance socket and one 16 A circuit breaker applied to the heater in northern-type products 3 DC power distribution 3.1 Maximum system output capacity: 200 A 3.2 Battery circuit breakers: two single-pole 125 A circuit breakers 3.3 Number of disconnection routes: Load low voltage disconnection (LLVD): two 63 A circuit breakers and two 32 A circuit breakers Battery low voltage disconnection (BLVD): two 16 A circuit breakers and one 10 A circuit breaker (installed in the split-type power cabinet to supply power to fans of the battery cabinet in cabinet combination scenarios) 3.6 Surge protection: surge protection device (SPD): differential mode: 10 kA common mode: 20 kA 3 Rectifier 3.1 Input voltage: ranging from 85 V AC to 300 V AC, with a rated value of 220 V AC (capable of bearing long-term 350 V AC voltage inputs without damage) 3.2 Output voltage: ranging from 42 V DC to 58 V DC, with a rated value of 53.5 V DC. The output voltage is adjustable. 3.3 Output power of a single rectifier:
2 U standard 50 A rectifier: 2900 W (176 V AC to 290 V AC)/1200 W (90 V AC to 175 V AC); 2 U highly efficient 50 A rectifier: 3000 W (176 V AC to 290 V AC)/1200 W (90 V AC to 175 V AC).

3.4
3.5 3.6 4 4.1

Efficiency of a 2 U standard 50 A rectifier: 92% Efficiency of a 2 U highly efficient 50 A rectifier: 96% Voltage regulation precision: 0.6% Current equalization rate: 5% International protection rating TP48200A-H15A3/H15A5: IP55 for the equipment compartment and IP45 for the battery compartment TP48200A-D15A1/ TP48200E-D09A1: IP45 TP48200E-H09A1/ TBC300A-TCA1: IP55 TBC300A-DCA1: IP34 Heat dissipation capacity TP48200A-H15A3/H15A5/TP48200E-H09A1: 85 W/K TP48200A-D15A1/TP48200E-D09A1: 140 W/K

5 5.1

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

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2.2 Introduction to the TP48200A (Continued)

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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2.3 System Composition of the TP48200A


The TP48200A consists of the PDM, door status sensor, SMU, rectifiers, space for customer equipment, battery compartment or cabinet, and temperature control unit (TCU).
PDM TCU Door status sensor

PDM

PDM

TCU
Door status sensor

TCU of the equipment cabinet

Door status sensor


SMU

SMU
Rectifier

SMU

TCU of the battery cabinet

Rectifier
Space for customer equipment Heater (optional for northern-type products)

Rectifier

Space for customer equipment

Battery compartment

Space for customer equipment

Battery cabinet

Equipment cabinet

No. 1 2 3

Component Name PDM Door status sensor SMU Provides power input and output ports.

Description

Remarks

4 5
6 7 8

Rectifier Space for customer equipment Battery compartment/cabinet TCU


Heater

Detects door status and provides the antitheft function. Controls the operating of the entire power system, monitors the communication with the host, and monitors the battery compartment or cabinet. Converts AC power into DC power.

Provides 19-inch space for customer equipment.


Provides space for installing two battery strings. Exhausts heat out of a cabinet. Heats the battery compartment in the case of low temperature. Optional for northern-type products

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Page31

2.4 Parts of the TP48200A Mandatory Parts


Rectifier SMU

(1) Run indicator

(2) Protection indicator

(3) Fault indicator

Uses highly efficient 50 A rectifiers in standard configuration and optional standard 50 A rectifiers.

(1) Run indicator (4) Liquid crystal display (LCD) (6) USB port (reserved)

(2) Minor alarm indicator (5) Locking latch (8) RS485/RS232 serial port

(3) Major alarm indicator (6) Button (9) FE communications port

Provides a maximum efficiency of no less than 96%.


Provides a grid voltage ranging from 85 V AC to 300 V AC. Runs with the operating temperature ranging from 40C (40F) to +70C (+158F). Provides access to hot swap. Supports communication over the RS485 serial port. Supports alarming by indicators. Supports voltage adjustment and current limiting. Complies with Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS), Technical Inspection Association (TUV), Conformity with European (CE), Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and Certification Bodies' Scheme (CB).

Displays information on the LCD and provides buttons for ease of operation. Supports the Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), and intelligent equipment communication protocol. Detects power distribution status, reports alarms, and sends commands by communicating with the host over the COM port. Supports the remote and local upgrade of software. Hot swap
Item Run indicator Color Green Status Off Blinking at a frequency of 0.5 Hz Blinking at a frequency of 4 Hz Off Steady on Off Steady on Description The SMU is faulty or has no power input. The SMU02B is running properly and communicating with the host properly. The SMU02B is running properly but is not communicating with the host properly. No minor or warning alarm is generated. A minor or warning alarm is generated. No critical or major alarm is generated. A critical or major alarm is generated.

Minor alarm indicator Major alarm indicator

Yellow Red

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2.4 Parts of the TP48200A Mandatory Parts (Continued)


Monitoring
Monitoring on the console

Battery equalized charging management


Battery float charging management Battery discharge test Battery current limiting management Battery temperature compensation Battery capacity monitoring and backup time calculation Intelligent battery hibernation parameters Remote monitoring Battery string current Battery imbalance (battery absence) (six ways) DC busbar voltage Battery temperature (one way) Ambient temperature and humidity (one way) Ambient temperature (two ways) Remote control Rectifier startup and shutdown Equalized and float charging for rectifiers Rectifier voltage adjustment Rectifier current limiting Intelligent rectifier hibernation Load disconnection Battery disconnection Battery connection Powering on loads Dry contact output (eight ways)

Remote communication

Mains absence

Mains overvoltage
Mains undervoltage AC SPD alarm DC overvoltage DC undervoltage Load fuse blown Charge overcurrent Load disconnection Battery disconnection Over-high ambient temperature Over-low ambient temperature Ambient humidity excessively high Ambient humidity excessively low n# Rectifier fault n# Rectifier protection Single-rectifier fault Multi-rectifier fault Battery over-temperature protection Battery root open sensor Door status Water sensor Smoke sensor Spare Boolean value (six ways)

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2.4 Parts of the TP48200A Mandatory Parts (Continued)


User interface module (UIM) The UIM02C provides eight dry contact outputs, six Boolean value inputs, and seven ports for sensors such as the smoke sensor, door status sensor, water sensor, and temperature and humidity sensor.

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2.4 Parts of the TP48200A Mandatory Parts (Continued)


PDM panel

Item AC input circuit breaker Class C AC surge protection Circuit breaker for the maintenance socket Maintenance socket

Requirements 63 A, three-pole Class C surge protection One single-pole 16 A circuit breaker Universal maintenance socket, complying with CE Load protection: two single-pole 63 A circuit breakers and two single-pole 32 A circuit breakers Battery protection: two single-pole 16 A circuit breakers Battery circuit breakers: two single-pole circuit breakers 200 A, 25 mV Normally closed Normally open 10 kA in differential mode and 20 kA in common mode, alarms generated when the SPD is faulty Two 125 A circuit breakers

Remarks None Along the guide rail

Load circuit breakers F1 to F7

One additional 10 A circuit breaker in the split-type power cabinet, used to control the temperature control power supply of the battery cabinet in cabinet combination scenarios

Battery current divider FL LLVD contactor BLVD contactor DC SPD Battery circuit breaker

Voltage drop in the subrack

0.5 V (full load test)

None Voltage drop between the battery input port and the load output port

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2.5 Features of the TP48200A


1. The TCU uses the intelligent design. Fans provide linear speed regulation, reducing power consumption and extending the service life. 2. The equipment compartment uses heat exchange for heat dissipation, meeting IP55 protection requirements and applying to category C adverse environment. Natural-ventilation cabinets meet IP45 protection requirements and apply to category B environment. The SMU and rectifiers are hot-swappable, which facilitates the system installation and maintenance. This reduces the operational expenditure (OPEX).

Easy installation

Intelligent temperature control design

Cable connections, operations, and maintenance are performed in the front of the cabinet, meeting the operation and maintenance requirements of outdoor power supplies.

Operability and maintainability

The TP48200A performs comprehensive self-management and battery management functions. The SMU communicates with rectifiers through an RS485 serial port, communicates with the host through an RS-232, RS422, or RS485 serial port, communicates with third-party equipment through a Huawei SNMP module, and provides dry contact outputs. This enables remote monitoring when the TP48200A is left unattended and reduces the OPEX.

Solutions are provided to meet the requirements for medium-capacity outdoor power supplies.

Features

Meeting medium-capacity requirements

Remote monitoring

Rectifiers comply with UL, CE, TUV, and CE.

To conserve energy, the power system automatically enables one or more rectifiers to enter the hibernation mode based on the actual load power.

High-level safety and regulatory design Three-phase inputs, compatible with single-phase inputs
Rated input voltage: three-phase 346 V AC to 415 V AC/200 V AC to 240 V AC single-phase 200 V AC to 240 V AC

Intelligent hibernation

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2.6 Installation Scenarios of the TP48200A


Application scenario: Medium-capacity base station
D.G. DC load AC load

Installation mode: Ground-mount, outdoor


Mains Storage battery

AC power supply: Three-phase inputs, compatible with single-phase inputs Rated input voltage: three-phase 346 V AC to 415 V AC/200 V AC to 240 V AC single-phase 200 V AC to 240 V AC
Note: Application regions: The TP48200A-H15A3, TP48200A-H15A5, TP48200E-H09A1, and TBC300A-TCA1 apply to category C outdoor environment. The TP48200A-D15A1, TP48200E-D09A1, and TBC300A-DCA1 apply to category B outdoor environment. Definition of category B environment: rooms inside which the temperature and humidity are not controlled or general outdoor environment, including scenarios with a simple shield such as an awning and an occasional humidity of 100%. Definition of category C environment: sea, land near a pollution source, or environment with simple shields. If a site is near a pollution source, it is at most 3.7 km (2.30 mi.) away from salt water such as the sea and salt lakes, 3 km (1.86 mi.) away from heavy pollution sources such as smelteries, coal mines, and thermal power plants, 2 km (1.24 mi.) away from medium pollution sources such as chemical, rubber, and galvanization industries, and 1 km (0.62 mi.) away from light pollution sources such as packinghouses, tanneries, and boiler rooms.
Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page37

Questions
What models does the TP48200A provide? What parts does the

TP48200A consist of?


What are main features of the TP48200A? What environments does the TP48200A apply to?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page38

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles
Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 39

3.1 Installation Process of the TP48200A


Installation flowchart of the TP48200A
Optional when an independent battery cabinet is required

Prepare for the installation.

Install a power cabinet.

Install a battery cabinet.

Install storage batteries and sensors. Power on and commission the system.

End

Verify the installation.

Connect cables.

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Page40

3.2 Preparations for Installation


Obtain required tools and cables before installation. For details about cable configurations, see the TP48200A V300R001C03 Configuration Manual V1.0. Ensure that colors of the cables meet local power cable standards.

Tools

Phillips screwdriver M3 and M4

Flat-head screwdriver M3 and M4

Adjustable wrench

Claw hammer

Diagonal pliers

Crimping tool

Wire stripper

Hydraulic pliers

Torque wrench

Insulation tape

Multimeter

Electrician's knife

Nylon binding strap

Heat gun

Socket wrench

Marker

Heat shrink tubing Insulation gloves ESD gloves Protective gloves

A-shaped ladder (2 m)

Brush

Vacuum cleaner

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3.3 Cabinet Installation


Determine the installation space required for the cabinet by referring to the following figure. For details about the installation, see the TP48200A-D15A1 & H15A3 & H15A5 Quick Installation Guide (V300R001_01), TP48200E-D09A1 & H09A1 Quick Installation Guide (V300R001_01), and TBC300A-DCA1 & TCA1 Quick Installation Guide (V300R001_01). Observe the following requirements when you install the TP48200A: 1. Check whether delivered cabinets are intact, and whether paint or electroplated layer flakes off. 2. Check whether configurations of delivered cabinets are consistent with configurations on the system. 3. Route cables based on requirements in the quick installation guide, ensuring that AC power cables are routed on the left of the cabinet and DC power cables and signal cables are routed on the right of the cabinet. 4. Switch off the battery circuit breaker before you install the battery cable. The TP48200A uses positive grounding. Therefore, connect the negative terminal before you connect the positive terminal, avoiding short circuits on the batteries caused by contact between the screwdriver and the shell. After the cabinet is installed, block the cable outlets using sealing mud.

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3.3 Cabinet Installation Installing Parts (Continued)


rectifiers
rectifier rectifiers

Installing rectifiers

Installing batteries

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3.4 Electrical Installation Installing Cables


Sequence for installing cables:
Cables are installed in the following sequence: ground cable > signal cable > load cable > battery cable > AC input cable.

Rules for routing cables out of the cabinet:


The ground cable and AC input cable are routed out of the cabinet from the left leading-out hole at the bottom. The signal cable and load cable are routed out of the cabinet from the right leading-out hole at the bottom.

Note: Switch off all circuit breakers including the battery circuit breaker before you install cables.
Installing a Ground Cable

Ground Cable

Installing the ground cable

Site ground bar

Example: TP48200A-H15A3 and TP48200A-H15A5 (heat exchange)

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3.4 Electrical Installation Installing Cables (Continued)

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3.5 Verification After Installation

Obtain fireproof mud from the packing box of the cabinet base, block cable holes using fireproof mud, and insert rubber plugs in unused cable holes.

Fireproof mud

Leading-out hole

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3.6 Power-On and Commissioning


SMU

PDM

(1) Manual battery switch (with a cover)

(2) SMU02B

(3)UIM02C

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3.6 Power-On and Commissioning (Continued)


SMU.

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3.6 Power-On and Commissioning (Continued)


SMU

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Questions
What installation mode does the TP48200A use? What is the procedure for installing the TP48200A? What precautions must be taken before you power on the TP48200A?

What parameters need to be verified before you complete the installation

and leave the site?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles
Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 51

4.1 Preparations for Acceptance


Purpose:
Acceptance is an activity performed after the installation to check whether the

system meets the delivery criteria. It is an important step before delivery. Generally, customers participate in or authorize the acceptance. Accepted systems can be delivered to customers. Document:
The acceptance manual provided by R&D personnel is the basis of the

acceptance.
Acceptance items and criteria, for example, parameter settings, are

determined based on specific requirements. Tool:


A multimeter is required for testing large currents. Clip-on ammeter Fluke 337

is recommended.

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Page52

4.2 Acceptance Method


Acceptance process
The acceptance process is as follows: verify the overall installation; verify the

system before power-on; verify the installation of rectifiers; verify the installation of the SMU; verify the installation of the PDM; verify parameter settings; verify system functions and performance.
Generally, acceptance of a system power supply is performed based on the

proceeding process. After the acceptance is completed, customers verify and accept the system.
Method
Verify perceptual items such as overall installation with customer representatives

and ask customer representatives to sign after confirmation.


Verify parameter settings and system performance using a tool such as a

multimeter, record related data, and ask customer representatives to sign after confirmation.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

4.3 Acceptance Criteria


Specific requirements and customer requirements are described:
Specific requirements are described for parameters such as the float voltage,

battery capacity, and power-off parameters. These parameters must be specified in the acceptance manual as acceptance criteria.
Perceptual items such as appearance and cable management must be

verified and signed by customers after confirmation. No requirement is specified:


If no requirement is specified, the acceptance must be performed based on

the TP48200A V300R001C03 Power System Acceptance Manual.


For details, see the TP48200A V300R001C03 Power System Acceptance

Manual.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page54

Questions
What is the purpose of the acceptance? What preparations are required before the acceptance? What is the acceptance process of the TP48200A?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page55

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles
Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 56

5 Routine Maintenance
This chapter contains the following content: Objective and principle for maintenance Requirements for maintenance personnel Routine maintenance tasks and period Routine maintenance content and methods for the system power supply Replacement of key fragile parts

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page57

5.1 Objective and Principle for Maintenance


After long-term operating, a power system may fail to function properly or even

become faulty because of part aging, adverse weather such as lightning, adverse environments, or human factors. To remove the hazards and avoid system breakdown caused by power supply faults, perform periodic maintenance for power supplies on the live network.
Principles for the maintenance:

Ensure equipment security and personal safety during the maintenance. For

details, see the TP48200A V300R001C03 User Manual.


Take proper measures to prevent faults from being intensified during the

maintenance.
Note that the objective of maintenance is not only to rectify faults but also to

remove hazards and avoid faults.


Check customer requirements, for example, whether power failures are

allowed.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

5.2 Maintenance Personnel


Maintenance personnel must have basic electrical operation skills and electrical

safety knowledge and obtain electrician certificates recognized by the local government or other organizations. Maintenance personnel in China must have a low-voltage electrician certificate.
Maintenance personnel must understand the system composition and working

principles and understand the failure modes and maintenance modes of parts such as AC input modules, rectifiers, DC contactors, SMUs, and circuit breakers.
Maintenance personnel must understand common operation methods and

consequences of misoperations, avoiding power failures caused by misoperations during the maintenance.
Maintenance personnel must know how to use common instruments such as

multimeters and oscilloscopes.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page59

5.3 Routine Maintenance Tasks for the System Power Supply


Perform preventive maintenance inspection (PMI) against the system power supply every half year. Rectify faults in time during the maintenance. Perform PMI more frequently in harsh environments, for example, an environment with much dust. Routine maintenance checklist
Task Cabinet appearance Fan Content Measures Remarks TP48200A V300R001C03 TP48200A V300R001C03 TP48200A V300R001C03 heat exchange cabinets

The paint or electroplated coating flakes Repaint or repair the surface. off and scratches occur. An alarm for a fan failure is generated. Replace the fan.

The heat exchanging core, air intake Clean the exchanging core, air vent, or air exhaust vent is blocked. An Heat exchanging core intake vent, and air exhaust vent alarm is generated for temperature rise using a water gun. in the cabinet. The air filter, air intake vent, or air exhaust vent is blocked. An alarm is generated for temperature rise in the cabinet.

Air filter

Replace the air filter. Perform the maintenance every six to twelve TP48200A months in favorable environments. V300R001C03 naturalPerform the maintenance every ventilation cabinets three to six months in harsh environments. For details about how to rectify the TP48200A fault, See chapter 5 V300R001C03 "Troubleshooting."

Electrical connection Indicators are in normal status

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page60

5.3 Routine Maintenance Tasks for the System Power Supply (Continued)
Electrical check

Check the system output voltage over the LUI, Web, or console and measure the

output voltage using a multimeter. Check whether the difference between the displayed value and the actual value is within 0.5 V. If the output voltage does not meet the requirements, the system is faulty. Take proper measures to rectify the fault.
Check the system load current and battery current over the LUI, Web, or console

and measure the current using a clip-on ammeter. Check whether the difference between the displayed value and the actual value is within 1 A. If the current does not meet the requirements, take proper measures to rectify the fault.
Check electrical devices such as contactors, circuit breakers, and cables with

your eyes. If any electrical devices are aging or faulty, make records and perform maintenance.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page61

5.3 Routine Maintenance Tasks for the System Power Supply (Continued)
PMI

Check the monitoring unit. If any alarms are generated, take proper measures

to clear the alarms.


Check indicators on the SMU and rectifiers. When the SMU operates properly,

the green indicator blinks, and the red indicator is off. When a rectifier operates properly, the green indicator is steady on, and the yellow indicator and red indicator are off.
If any errors occur, take proper measures by referring to the TP48200A

V300R001C03 User Manual.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page62

5.4 Part Replacement

AC SPD

Possible causes of an AC SPD fault are as follows:


The SPD is faulty. In this case, replace the SPD. The terminal is loose. In this case, tighten the terminal. If the alarm persists, replace the SPD.

The window becomes red when the SPD is faulty. Replacing an AC SPD:
Remove the faulty AC SPD. Install a new SPD.

The terminal becomes loose during the transportation and installation.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page63

5.4 Part Replacement (Continued)


Replacing a rectifier: Unscrew the rectifier panel using a flat-head screwdriver. Gently draw the handle outwards, and then remove the rectifier from the subrack, as shown in Figure 6-1. Insert a new rectifier into the subrack. Then loosen the screws on the handle and pull out the handle. Slide the new rectifier into the subrack slowly along the guide rail, and then lock the handle. Tighten the screws on the handle, as shown in Figure 6-1.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page64

5.4 Part Replacement (Continued)


Replacing an SMU: Push the locking latch towards the left. Draw the handle outwards to remove the SMU, as shown in Figure 6-3. Insert a new rectifier into the corresponding subrack, push the locking latch towards the left, and pull out the handle. Gently insert the PW48S24C along the guide rails into the subrack. When the PW48S24C is completely inserted, flip the locking latch towards the right, as shown in Figure 6-1. Reset parameters on the SMU.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page65

5.4 Part Replacement (Continued)


Replacing a circuit breaker: Disconnect the power supply from the circuit breaker. For example, when you replace an input circuit breaker, interrupt the inputs and switch the circuit breaker to the OFF position. Remove the cables or copper bars connected to the circuit breaker using a Phillips screwdriver, and then wrap the cables or copper bars using polyvinyl chloride (PVC) insulation tapes to avoid hazards. Press the contact plate at the bottom of the circuit breaker using a flat-head screwdriver and remove the circuit breaker, as shown in the following figure. Press the contact plate at the bottom of the circuit breaker using a flat-head screwdriver again to install a new circuit breaker to the correct position. Then push the contact plate upwards using the screwdriver. Install the cables or copper bars on the circuit breaker using a Phillips screwdriver. Switch the circuit breaker to the ON position and connect the power supply to the circuit breaker, as shown in the following figure. Note: Do not wear any conductive objects on your hands during the operation. Use insulation tools during the operation. Check the polarities of power cables and connectors. The DC power distribution space is limited. Therefore, select proper operation space before any operation. When you perform any operations after the system is powered on, control your hands, wrists, arms, and whole body, preventing tools from slipping and therefore avoiding accidents caused by large movement of the tools or human body.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page66

Questions
What tasks does routine maintenance of the TP48200A contain? How to identify whether the parts are damaged? How to replace the parts?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page67

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting

Chapter 7 Engineering Design


Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 68

6.1 Troubleshooting Process of the TP48200A


Start

Observe indicators Check system status on the SMU Perform troubleshooting Analyze the problem Formulate a solution Record the operation steps

Note:

If you have trouble identifying


faults and analyzing causes, see the maintenance manual and troubleshooting cases.

Record every key step during


solution implementation. Such

Implement the solution

key steps are the reference for


Query system status

reformulating a solution if the


N

Is the fault rectified? Y End

fault is not rectified.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page69

6.2 Common Faults and Troubleshooting Measures


System alarms of the TP48200A are classified into four types: critical alarms, major alarms, minor alarms, and warning alarms.
Symptom AC power failure Possible Cause Measures The AC input power cable is 1. If the AC input power cable is not connected properly, reconnect it. faulty. 2. If the AC input power is unavailable, check that no open or short circuits occur in the AC input loop. If the The mains supply or D.G. is faulty. AC input loop is normal, contact the mains supplier. If the D.G. provides the AC input, check and repair the D.G. by referring to the D.G. User Manual. If the power failure is for a short time, use storage batteries to power DC-powered loads. When the outage lasts long, use other energy sources to supply power. The AC overvoltage or undervoltage alarm threshold is not set properly on the SMU. The mains supply or D.G. is faulty. The DC overvoltage or undervoltage alarm threshold is not set properly on the SMU. rectifiers faults If the AC overvoltage or undervoltage alarm threshold is not set properly, adjust it to a proper range. If the AC input is mains, for the electrical grid where the mains voltage is greater than the maximum value or less than the minimum value for a long time, negotiate with the related electrical grid maintenance personnel to improve the electrical grid. If the D.G. provides the AC input, check and repair the D.G. by referring to the D.G. User Manual. Adjust the DC overvoltage or undervoltage alarm threshold to a proper value. Remove all rectifiers and insert them again while ensuring proper AC power supply. If an undervoltage alarm is generated when you connect a certain rectifier, replace this rectifier.

AC overvoltage or undervoltage

DC overvoltage and undervoltage

The rectifier is faulty. Rectifier protection

The rectifier has poor contact with Check the fault indicator on the rectifier panel. If the indicator is steady red, the rectifier is faulty. Remove the the monitoring backplane. faulty rectifier and insert it again after a while. If the alarm persists, replace the rectifier. Check for other faulty The rectifier is faulty. rectifiers and take proper measures to rectify the faults. The input voltage to the rectifier is Check whether the AC input voltage is higher than the AC overvoltage threshold (300 V) of the rectifier or not in the normal range. lower than the AC undervoltage threshold (85 V) of the rectifier. If the power grid is in an overvoltage or The rectifier is faulty. undervoltage condition for a long period, contact maintenance personnel of mains supplier to improve the mains grid. If the input voltage to the rectifier is within the specified range but the alarm persists, replace the rectifier.

Rectifier communication interruption

The signal cable to the rectifier is not connected properly. The rectifier is not installed. The rectifier has poor contact with the monitoring backplane. The rectifier is faulty. The monitoring backplane is faulty.

Check whether the rectifier is installed and whether it is properly connected. If the SMU is inserted into another position, insert the SMU into the correct position. If the communication of a single rectifier fails, reseat the rectifier on which a yellow indicator is blinking. Check whether the rectifier is securely connected. If yes, replace the rectifier. If the communication of all rectifiers fails, reseat the SMU. Check whether the SMU is securely connected. If yes, replace the SMU. If the alarm persists, replace the AC/DC power distribution subrack.

Charge overcurrent Rectifier communication failure The battery loop is faulty.

Check whether the rectifier is installed in the subrack and whether the rectifier is properly connected. Install the rectifier in the correct subrack. If the SSU has poor contact with the SSR, remove and then insert the SSU, and ensure that the SSU is fastened to the SSR. Check that the battery loop is not faulty or short-circuited. Check the storage batteries and replace faulty ones.

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Page70

6.2 Common Faults and Troubleshooting Measures (Continued)


Symptom Load disconnection Possible Cause Measures 1.Check whether the load cable is loose. The load circuit breaker is in the OFF 2.If the load circuit breaker is in the OFF position, check whether a short circuit or overcurrent occurs. If no, switch the load position. circuit breaker to the ON position. The contactor is faulty. The SMU load 3.Check whether the contactor is faulty and whether the contactor can be connected or disconnected. If the contactor is disconnection voltage is set too high. faulty or cannot be connected or disconnected, replace the contactor. Check whether the LLVD voltage is overhigh. If it is The load power is greater than the overhigh, adjust the voltage to the normal range. Check whether the load power is higher than the preset rectifier power. configured rectifier power, causing a low If the load power is higher than the preset rectifier power, add rectifiers. If the load power is greater than the maximum output voltage. power supported by the TP48200A, reduce the loads.

Battery disconnection

The battery parameters are not properly set on the SMU. The contactor is faulty. The battery loop is faulty. The contactor is faulty. The storage batteries are faulty. The alarm threshold for ambient temperatures is not properly set on the SMU. The temperature inside the shelter where the ambient temperature sensor is installed is beyond a normal range. The temperature sensor is faulty.

1.If the mains supply fails or the battery voltage is below the BLVD threshold, contact the mains supplier. 2.Check that the BLVD is enabled on the SMU. Check the battery cables and connectors, and replace faulty ones. Check whether the contactor is faulty and whether the contactor can be connected or disconnected. If the contactor is faulty or cannot be connected or disconnected, replace the contactor. 1.Check the battery cables and connectors on the battery loop, and replace faulty ones. 2.Check whether the contactor is faulty and whether the contactor can be connected or disconnected. If the contactor is faulty or cannot be connected or disconnected, replace the contactor. Check the storage batteries and replace faulty ones. 1.Check that the alarm threshold for ambient temperatures is properly set on the SMU. 2.Repair the temperature control system in the shelter if it is faulty. After the temperature inside the shelter is adjusted to a normal range, the alarm is automatically cleared. If the alarm still persists, check whether the temperature sensor is faulty.

Battery root open sensor

Overhigh or over low ambient temperature This alarm can be generated only when an ambient temperature sensor is installed.

Overhigh or over low The alarm threshold for ambient ambient humidity humidity is not set properly on the SMU. This alarm can be The humidity inside the shelter that generated only when a houses the humidity sensor is not in the humidity sensor is normal range. The humidity sensor is installed.

1.Check that the alarm threshold for ambient humidity is properly set on the SMU. 2.If there is water in the shelter, remove water by using a dry cotton cloth or dehumidifier. If the ambient humidity is within a proper range but the alarm persists, check the humidity sensor. If the humidity sensor is faulty, replace it.

faulty.

Overhigh or over low battery temperatures

Temperature inside the battery compartment is greater than the maximum value. The alarm threshold of battery temperature is not properly set on the SMU. The charge current of storage batteries is too high. The temperature sensor is faulty.

1.Check that the alarm threshold for battery temperatures is properly set on the SMU. 2.Check whether the temperature inside the battery cabinet is overhigh. If it is, lower the temperature inside the battery cabinet. The alarm is automatically cleared after the temperature lowers to the proper range. If the charge current is greater than the maximum value, change equalized charging into float charging and check whether the charge current is lowered. If the charge current is still overhigh, reduce the charge current. If the battery temperature is still too high, replace faulty storage batteries.

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Page71

6.2 Common Faults and Troubleshooting Measures (Continued)


Symptom Door status alarm (This alarm can be generated only when a door status sensor is installed.) Water sensor alarm (This alarm is generated when a water sensor is installed.) Smoke sensor alarm (This alarm can be generated only when a smoke sensor is installed.) Possible Cause The cabinet door is open. The door status sensor is faulty. There is water in the shelter. The water sensor is faulty. There is smoke in the shelter. The smoke sensor is faulty. Measures 1. Close the cabinet door. 2. If the alarm persists after the cabinet door is closed, check and repair the door status sensor. 1. If there is water in the shelter, remove water by using a dry cotton cloth or dehumidifier. 2. If there is no water but this alarm persists, check and repair the water sensor. 1. If there is smoke in the shelter, put out the fire immediately and open the shelter door for ventilation. 2. If there is no smoke but the alarm persists, check and repair the smoke sensor.

Load fuse blown

AC SPD fault

1. Check whether the detection cable of the load fuse is loose. 2. Check whether the load circuit breaker is in the OFF position. If it is, switch it to the The load fuse is ON position. If the alarm persists after the circuit breaker is set to ON, check the load blown. fuse. If the voltage between both ends of the fuse is close to 0 V, the fuse is The load circuit functional. Otherwise, the fuse is blown. Then replace the fuse. If the alarm persists breaker is in the after the fuse is replaced, check the new fuse. If the new fuse is blown or the load OFF position. circuit breaker is automatically switched to the OFF position, the load power on this route may be excessive or a short circuit may occur. In this case, you need to rectify the fault on this load loop. Observe the indication window on the AC surge protection module. If it turns red, replace the surge protection module. If it remains green, check whether the cable for detecting AC SPD faults is connected properly and whether the cable is damaged or The AC SPD is faulty. cracked. If the cable is not connected properly or is faulty, replace the cable and connect it properly. If the cable is connected properly and in good condition, the alarm loop in the SMU is faulty. Then replace the SMU.

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Page72

6.2 Common Faults and Troubleshooting Measures (Continued)


Troubleshooting rectifiers
Indicator Color Status On Run indicator Green Description Outputs of the rectifier are normal. Solution No operation is required. Check AC inputs. If AC inputs are normal, replace the rectifier. No operation is required. Ensure that the air intake vent and air exhaust vent of the rectifier are not blocked and that the ambient temperature is normal. Check the voltage of the grid. No operation is required. No operation is required. Remove the rectifier and insert it again after 1 minute. Replace the rectifier. No operation is required. The rectifier automatically recovers after the loading is completed.

Off

The rectifier has no output.

Off

No alarm is generated for the rectifier. A power limiting pre-warning alarm is generated for the rectifier because of an overhigh temperature.

Alarm indicator

Yellow On

A shutdown alarm is generated because of an overhigh or overlow ambient temperature. An AC overvoltage/undervoltage protection alarm is generated. The rectifier is hibernated or shut down.

Off

The rectifier is operating properly. The rectifier is locked because of output overvoltage.

On Fault indicator Red Blinking at a frequency of 4 Hz The rectifier is faulty and has no output.

Applications are being loaded to the rectifier.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

Questions
What is the basic process of troubleshooting the system power supply? How to rectify common faults?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles

Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A


Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 75

7.1 Engineering Design Rectifier Quantity Calculation


Six steps for calculating power

system parameters
Determine the following parameters: Calculate the battery capacity. Calculate the maximum battery charge current. Calculate the output power (P) required for the system. Determine the AC-to-DC converter type. Calculate the number of rectifiers.

Design requirements
Maximum power of DC equipment loads, average power of loads, input power of inverters, and battery backup time

DC load voltage, load power, and battery backup time Pcmax = Vequalize x x CN, where is the charge factor of storage batteries, ranging from 0.1 to 0.2, with the default value of 0.1. The equalized charging voltage is 56.4 V. P = Max (Pmax + Punit, Pavg + Pcmax)

Select the AC-to-DC power system type based on the power system list. N = Roundup (0.95 x P/Punit 0.1, 0) Roundup is a function.

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Page76

7.2 Engineering Design Battery Capacity Calculation


The battery capacity can be calculated in the following formula:

In the preceding formula: C indicates the total battery capacity in the unit of Ah. W is the load power in the unit of watts. In economic configuration, W equals Pavg, and in standard configuration, W equals Pmax. t indicates the backup time of storage batteries in the unit of hour. 1.25 indicates the aging coefficient.1.04: voltage coefficient. Vr indicates the rated voltage of the battery string (V). For 48 V power supply system, set the parameter to 48. For 24 V power supply system, set the parameter to 24. indicates the capacity coefficient of the storage battery (related to the discharge hour rate of the storage battery). Note: C10 refers to 10 hour rate capacity of the storage battery, that is, nominal capacity of the storage battery. In the formula, the battery capacity coefficient () relates to the discharge time (in hours) in 48 V systems. The discharge time increases in proportion to the value of . The following table lists the mapping.
Discharge time (hour) 0.5 0.4 1 0.55 1.5 0.63 2 0.7 3 0.75 4 0.8 5 0.85 6 0.9 8 0.95 9 0.98 10 1 12 1.01 16 1.03

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Page77

7.3 Engineering Design Cable Specifications


For details on the AC cable design, see the following tables.
Ampacity of two loaded copper conductors (single-loop) under the following conditions: PVC insulation, conductor temperature of 70 C (158 F), and ambient temperature in the air of 30 C (86 F)
Crosssectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Crosssectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Crosssectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Crosssectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Crosssectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A)

Ampacity of two loaded copper conductors (single-loop) under the following conditions: cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) insulation, conductor temperature of 90 C (194 F), and ambient temperature in the air of 30 C (86 F)

Cross-sectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Cross-sectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Cross-sectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Cross-sectional area of a conductor Ampacity (A) Crosssectional area of a conductor

Ampacity (A) Note: The preceding tables source from the DKBA3265-2010.12 Power Cable Design and Selection Specification. If the ambient temperature is high, the related data must be derated accordingly. Select cables based on customer requirements.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page78

7.3 Engineering Design Cable Specifications (Continued)


Voltage drop is involved in DC cable configuration. The DC cable must be configured based on the following formulas. The cross-sectional area of a power cable can be calculated in the following formula:

I* L * U

In the preceding formula: I is the working current of the equipment in the unit of Ampere (A). L is the loop length of the power cable in the unit of meter (m). This value is set based on the actual survey. is the electrical conductivity of copper conductors, equal to 57 m/mm 2. U is the voltage drop value of the loop, with the unit of V. For the value of this parameter, see the following figure. S is the crosssectional area of the power cable, with the unit of mm 2. The calculation result must be rounded up to a standard value. For example, if the calculation result is 14.8 mm2, it must be rounded up to the standard value 16 mm 2.

Rated operating voltage


of equipment Minimum input voltage of 38.4 V equipment U 2.6 V

48 V

+24 V

40 V

19.2 V

20 V

1.0 V

1.3 V

0.4 V

Note: The preceding table sources from the DKBA3265-2010.12 Power Cable Design and Selection Specification. Select cables based on customer requirements.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page79

7.4 Engineering Survey


Huawei engineers and customer engineers conduct the engineering survey. Huawei and customers determine the installation place, cable layout, and installation materials and specifications. After onsite survey and data collection are completed, the customer representative and Huawei project preventative sign the onsite survey report and data collection report.
Installation position and environment of the power cabinet: describes the altitude, position, and surrounding environment of the equipment room. Power supply: involves the power supply mode, position of the AC power distribution cabinet, cable routing, and cabling distance. Power load: involves the load position and distance between the load and the power system. Installation materials: involves the calculation of installation materials.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page80

Questions
How to calculate the number of rectifiers?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page81

Contents
Chapter 1 Working Principles Chapter 2 Introduction to the TP48200A Chapter 3 Installation and Commissioning Chapter 4 Acceptance Chapter 5 Routine Maintenance Chapter 6 Troubleshooting Chapter 7 Engineering Design

Chapter 8 Test

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page 82

8 Test
In a system test, measures (visual inspection or using instruments) are taken

to check whether the performance, functions, and serviceability of a product meet the design requirements. Product tests after GA are performed to show the compliance of tested equipment with customer specifications.
Product tests after GA are admission tests performed based on customer

requirements to strengthen customers' confidence.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page83

8.1 Test Network of the System Power Supply

PC

AC power supply

Power analyzer

TP48200A

Multimeter

DC load

Current divider

Storage battery

Oscilloscope

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page84

8.2 Test Instruments


Power analyzer: obtains AC input information, such as AC input voltage,

current, power, THD, and PF, and is mandatory. The model of WT1600 is recommended.
Multimeter: obtains the output voltage, input voltage, and dry contact status.

Fluke 87 multimeter is recommended. Current divider: obtains system output current. It is mandatory for efficiency tests. The clip-on ammeter (for example, Fluke 337) can be used based on customer requirements.
Oscilloscope: monitors the system output voltage. Generally, it is not

required. The model of Agilent 5014 is recommended.


DC load: functions as the system load. It can be a resistance load or an

electronic load.
PC: monitors and controls the system, communicates with the host, and

verifies communication with the host.

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Page85

8.3 Common Test Items


Efficiency Efficiency is a key index of a system. It indicates the power conversion efficiency

of a system. It can be calculated in the following formula: = Po/Pin.


Obtain the system input power (Pin) on the power analyzer. Obtain the output current (Io) on the current divider. Obtain the output voltage

(Uo) on the multimeter. Po is equal to Uo multiplied by Io.


Obtain the system input THD and PF on the power analyzer. Test and record the

efficiency, THD, and PF under different input voltages (85% Un, Un, or 110% Un) and loads (10% to 100%).

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page86

8.3 Common Test Items (Continued)


Unbalance of load sharing
Unbalance of load sharing indicates the load sharing status among all rectifiers in

a system. Generally, it is no more than 5%.


Obtain the output current (Io1, Io2, ..., Ion) of each rectifier on the SMU. Obtain the system output current (Io) on the current divider. Record the rated current of each rectifier as In1, In2, ..., Inn. I = In1 + In2 + ... + Inn Unbalance of load sharing = max (abs (Io1/In1 Io/I), abs (Io2 Io/I), ..., abs

(Ion/Inn Io/I)
Test and record the unbalance of load sharing under different output voltages and

loads.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page87

8.3 Common Test Items (Continued)


Peak-to-peak noise voltage The peak-to-peak noise voltage indicates the ripple content of the system

output voltage. It is a key index of the system output performance.


Use an oscilloscope to test the peak-to-peak noise voltage.
Set the bandwidth of the oscilloscope to 20 MHz. (Operations vary based on

oscilloscopes. For details, see the oscilloscope specifications.) Select the AC coupling mode.
Set the time axis of the oscilloscope to 5 seconds per scale. Obtain the peak-to-

peak value (namely, the peak-to-peak noise voltage) on the oscilloscope.


Test and record the peak-to-peak noise voltage under different output voltages

and loads.

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Page88

8.3 Common Test Items (Continued)


Others Space is limited. Therefore, some test items are not described here.

For more test items, see the attachment.


For details about the test methods, see the DKBA 2038-2010.11 AC-to-DC

Power system Test Specification.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page89

Questions
What is the purpose of performing the system test? What basic test instruments are required for performing a system test?

How to perform an efficiency test?

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page90

Summary

This slide describes the development history of AC-toDC converters and the positioning of Huawei power supply series. It describes the TP48200A in terms of its system composition, working principles, installation and commissioning, acceptance, routine maintenance, troubleshooting, engineering design, and system tests. It provides reference for customer service engineers in site design, installation and maintenance, troubleshooting, and customer tests.

Copyright 2012 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Thanks!
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