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BYHARSH BHATIA P-18

INTRODUCTION
The main aim of the project will be to design a GSM based

electronic notice display system which can replace the currently used programmable electronic display. It is designed for displaying notices in college on electronic notice board by sending messages in form of SMS through mobile, it is a wireless transmission system which has very less errors and maintenance.

DESIGN OVERVIEW
The design of the project is basically divided into: 1. Transmitting Section 2. Receiving Section
Transmitting Section consists of just mobile which has inbuilt

GSM modem for wireless data transfer through GSM. GSM (Global System for Mobile communications: originally from Group Special Mobile) is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world.

Transmitting Section
Since it is a multiuser system, various users are authenticated to

use the system or display messages on the notice board. For security, password is provided to authorized users. Before sending message, a user need to authenticate itself with the system by sending the assigned password to the receiver sections SIM number. The receiving sections system verifies password and sends response to the user and tells it to send the message. To prevent misuse, user is provided with a die-out time before which it has to send message , after which authentication expires. User has to authenticate again if it does not sends message within that die-out time.

GSM Network
GSM is a cellular network, which means that mobile phones

connect to it by searching for cells in the immediate vicinity. The modulation used in GSM is Gaussian minimum-shift keying (GMSK), signal to be modulated onto the carrier is first smoothed with a Gaussian low pass filter prior to being fed to a frequency modulator which greatly reduces adjacent channel interference).

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Hardware Description
Microcontroller

Mic -LCD Interfacing


MAX232

GSM Modem

LCD Display

Power Supply

The Microcontroller
Microcontroller is the heart of the

system. It is used for interfacing the display, memory and other peripherals with GSM modem. The microcontroller used in this case is AT89c52. It is a low-power, high performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 8K bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read only memory. It is compatible with the industrystandard 80C51 and 80C52 instruction set and pin out.

GSM Modem
A GSM modem is a wireless modem that works with a GSM wireless

network. It sends and receives data through radio waves. Here we are GSM Modem of mobile. Modem interfaces to the host via Universal serial receiver-transmitter (USART), which is automatically detected by the operating system and easily configured using standard operating system drivers. The modems are controlled by industry standard AT commands. AT commands are used to control modems by microcontroller.

Display Unit
One of the most common devices attached to an 8051 is an

LCD display. Here we have used 16x2 Hitachi HD44780 compatible module, having 16 pins including 2 pins for backlight.

MAX232
The MAX232 is a dual driver/receiver

that includes a capacitive voltage generator to supply EIA-232 voltage levels from a single 5-V supply and converts EIA- 232 inputs to 5-V TTL/CMOS levels. The microcontroller is interfaced with PC via MAX232 level convertor. It is used to convert RS232 voltage to TTL voltage levels and vice versa. We use PC's serial port to interface microcontroller. In PC, at RS-232 voltage levels, logic 1 varies from -3 to -15 volts and logic 0 from +3 to +15 volts. The microcontroller which works on TTL logic levels, logic 1 is +5 volts and logic 0 is 0 volts. Therefore to interface the two we use a MAX 232 driver IC.

INTERFACING WITH MICROCONTROLLER

MICROCONTROLLER-LCD INTERFACING
:

Microcontroller-MAX 232 Interfacing

LCD INTERFACING WITH M/C

GSM INTERFACING

Power Supply
Power Supply is an important part of a circuit. It provides

required supply to different blocks of the circuit from input 230 V AC.

Software Description
Express PCB Visual Basic

Embedded C

Keil Compiler

SOFTWARES USED A. Express PCB: Express PCB is free PCB software and is a snap to learn and use. With this, designing circuit boards is simple for the beginner and efficient for the professional. B. Embedded C: Embedded C is language for programming microcontroller for embedded applications. There is a large - and growing international demand for programmers with 'embedded' skills, and many desktop developers are starting to move into this important area C. Keil: Keil is basically compiler to compile embedded C programs. The Keil 8051 Development Tools are designed to solve the complex problems facing embedded software developers.

D. Visual Basic: Visual Basic (VB) is an event driven programming language and associated development environment from Microsoft for its COM programming model. Visual Basic was derived from BASIC and enables the rapid application development (RAD) of graphical user interface (GUI) applications. Microcontroller coding will be done using Embedded C and Kiel. PC Coding will be done using Visual Basic(VB). Nokia PC Connectivity SDK is a tool used in VB for GSM Modem interfacing. We can use a PC with administrator for ease of message sending and keeping records.

FUNCTIONAL FLOWCHART

FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS
Alphanumeric LCDs have a limitation on size as well as no of

characters. These can be replaced with large LED display boards Robots can be controlled in a similar fashion by sending the commands to the robots.

APPLICATIONS
Educational Institutions and Organizations

Crime Prevention
Managing Traffic Advertisement

Railway Station

ADVANTAGES OF GSM
Advantages & Uses of GSM: 1. Roaming with GSM phones is a major advantage over the competing technology as roaming across CDMA networks. 2. Another major reason for the growth in GSM usage, particularly between 1998 to 2002, was the availability of prepaid calling from mobile phone operators. This allows people who are either unable or unwilling to enter into a contract with an operator to have mobile phones. Prepaid also enabled the rapid expansion of GSM in many developing countries where large sections of the population do not have access to banks or bank accounts and countries where there are no effective credit rating agencies. (In the USA, starting a non-prepaid contract with a cellular phone operator is almost always subject to credit verification through personal information provided by credit rating agencies).

ADVANTAGES OF GSM(1)
3. The architecture of GSM allows for rapid flow of

information by voice or data messaging (SMS). Users now have access to more information, whether personal, technical, economic or political, more quickly than was possible before the global presence of GSM. Even remote communities are able to integrate into networks (sometimes global) thereby making information, knowledge and culture accessible, in theory, to anyone.

4. One of the most appealing aspects of wireless

communications is its mobility. Much of the success of GSM is due to its mobility management, offering users the freedom and convenience to conduct business from almost anywhere at any time.

ADVANTAGES AF GSM(2)
5. GSM has been the catalyst in the tremendous shift

in traffic volume from fixed networks to mobile networks. This has resulted in the emergence of a mobile paradigm, whereby the mobile phone has become the first choice of personal phone. 6. Higher digital voice quality. 7. Low cost alternatives to making call such a text messaging.

USES OF GSM

USES OF GSM: Uses encryption to make phone calls more secure Data networking Group III facsimile services Short Message Service (SMS) for text messages and paging Call forwarding Caller ID U Call waiting. Multi-party conferencing

USES OF GSM(1)
Enabling convergence with other wireless technologies Developing Mobile Centric Applications Evolving the mobile business model

Mobile terminal enhancements and variety


Fostering industry partnerships and co-operations Interoperability and Inter-generational roaming

between various platforms.