Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Hurricanes Earthquakes

by: Mr. Wells

Table of Contents

Slide Introduction………………………………………………………….3  Chapter 1: Tornadoes…………………………………………4  Chapter 2: Volcanoes………………………………………….8  Chapter 3: Tsunamis…………………………………………..12  Chapter 4: Hurricanes………………………………………..16  Chapter 5: Earthquakes……………………………………..20 Conclusion………………………………………………..………….24 Glossary…………………………………………………………………25 Bibliography………………………………………………………....26

A natural disaster can cause loss of life or property damage. and other geologic processes. tsunamis. volcano eruptions. or ability to recover. and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake. . examples include tornadoes.Introduction A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth. the severity of which depends on the affected population's resilience. hurricanes. earthquakes.

sound and shape. but most often between 3pm and 9pm. the highest classification for a tornado on the F-scale. A typical tornado only lasts for a few minutes. A Tornado can occur at any time. is less than 0. Here you will find many interesting facts on tornadoes and twisters. .Tornadoes Fun Tornado Facts Welcome to the Tornado Facts website.1% Tornadoes have been reported in every state in the US and also in every season. The chances that a tornado is a F5. You need to step on the pedal of a car pass 70 miles per hour to outrun the fastest tornadoes. Here are some fun tornado facts: The most powerful Tornadoes occur in the United States. Every tornado has its own color.

a thunderstorm is brewed up with a strong updraft. 3. Finally.Causes Causes 1. 2. The clouds grow larger and larger. Tornadoes are formed when hot air and cold air are mixed. . The moisture in the warm air rises and condenses into large clouds.

2011. 2. Click on the photo for actual footage of this tornado: On May 22. and much more. 3.S. It can make serious injuries. Missouri directly killing 159 people and injuring over 1. stores. Tornadoes can make People die.000. The tornado can destroy a lot of homes. .Effects Effects 1. one of the deadliest tornados in U. history strikes Joplin.

Safety Measures  Safety Tips 1. . Don’t forget your pet. storm cellar. interior room such as a bathroom. basement or lowest level of a building. go at once to a windowless. Know where you go! When a tornado warning is issued. 3. 2. Make a list of items to bring inside in the event a tornado watch is issued. Don’t loose your roof to high winds! Have your parents install strapping to keep the roof attached to the walls.

Growers found that the slopes of volcanoes tend to have fertile soil which is suited for growing crops like grapes. . their god of fire and metalwork. its sides may bulge. olives and beans. Hawaii is still growing due to volcanic eruptions.Volcanoes Volcano Facts Iceland is currently the most volcanically active location on Earth. caused volcanic eruptions. A person who studies volcanoes is called a volcanologist. Sometimes lighting is produced from the ash clouds spewed out from a volcano. The world’s biggest volcanic mountain is the Mauna Loa in Hawaii. When a volcanic mountain gets ready to erupt. The word Volcano comes from Vulcan’s name. The ancient Romans believed that Vulcan. This is called a dirty thunderstorm.

Buoycny is a force that causes lighter material to rise through surrounding denser material.Causes  Causes 1. 3. Magma forms together with rocks and explodes. . A pool of molten rocks below the surface when pressure builds up it erupts. 2.

Destroys buildings homes and lives. Volcanoes can cause serious pain and injury. 2. Melts lots of landmarks and property. .Effects  Effects 1. 3.

Safety Measures  Safety tips 1. Keep car or truck engines off. 3. Wear long sleeved shirts and pants. If outside find shelter quick . 2.

And their long wavelengths mean they lose very little energy along the way.” a geologically active area where tectonic shifts make volcanoes and earthquakes common. They may even be launched. onto land. Tsunamis race across the sea at up to 500 miles (805 kilometers) an hour—about as fast as a jet airplane. happen within the Pacific Ocean’s “Ring of Fire. At that pace they can cross the entire expanse of the Pacific Ocean in less than a day. Tsunamis . about 80 percent. Tsunamis may also be caused by underwater landslides or volcanic eruptions. by the impact of a large meteorite plunging into an ocean. Most tsunamis. undersea earthquakes at tectonic plate boundaries. These awe-inspiring waves are typically caused by large.5 meters). sometimes reaching heights of over 100 feet (30. as they frequently were in Earth’s ancient past. These walls of water can cause widespread destruction when they crash ashore. When the ocean floor at a plate boundary rises or falls suddenly it displaces the water above it and launches the rolling waves that will become a tsunami.Tsunami Facts A tsunami is a series of ocean waves that sends surges of water.

Eventually the heavier oceanic plate slips under the lighter continental plate and causes an earthquake. What happens on the ocean floor is mirrored on the surface of the water above. Tsunamis carry lots of water and energy so they can travel very far. . The earthquake lifts part of the ocean up and drops other parts down. Waves start moving up to 600 miles per hour but you can’t see them. The Tsunami extends thousands of feet deep into the ocean.Causes  When an oceanic plate hits a continental plate the plates press together and pressure builds. The gravity acts fast to even out the water’s surface. The seismic energy created that big wave and it doesn’t just disappear.

clothes. shelter. They can destroy lives/drowned loved ones. You won’t have anything to live like: Food. Wash away properties. Wash away and drowned pets.  4. beds and blankets. .Effects  Effects Tsunamis can Make  1. The sound will make you scared and after it happens you might not be able to sleep well because you might hear the sound of a tsunami at night.  3.  2.  5.

Listen for Tsunami warnings and take them seriously.  3. Pack food for you and your family. Sleeping bags. Be ready to get yourself. .  4. 2.  7.  8.  5.  6. Flashlights. stuff. family and animals out of the house and to higher ground.Safety Measures  How To Be Safe and Prepared For Tsunamis 1. Pack some clothes. Pack some pet food if you have any pets. Pack cooking stuff.

the different names usually indicate where the storm took place. Other names for a hurricane include cyclone. Coastal regions are most at danger from hurricanes. typhoon and tropical storm. Tropical storms that form in the Atlantic or Northeast Pacific (near the United States) are called hurricanes.Hurricane Facts Hurricanes A hurricane is an intense tropical storm with powerful winds and heavy rain. . Hurricanes lose strength as they move over land. Hurricanes usually form in tropical areas of the world. Hurricanes develop over warm water and use it as an energy source. While they are essentially the same thing. those that form near in the Northwest Pacific (near Japan) are called typhoons and those that form in the South Pacific or Indian oceans are called cyclones.

. 3.Causes    What Causes Hurricanes 1. A hurricane has winds up to 74 miles per hour or more. but outside the eye it is rough. 2. In the eye of a hurricane it is peaceful. Hurricanes are large tropical storms that form in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico.

buildings & trees.  3. Hurricanes can put families’ lives in danger. kill loved ones. Alot of property is also damaged by the floods from the heavy rain that comes with a hurricane. your belongings.  2. and even pets to get out of the way of a hurricane. Hurricanes can tear down houses. .  4.Effects  Effects Hurricanes Make 1. and give your children scary thoughts. You may have to leave your home.

Try to save up money in case your insurance won't replace your house so you will be able to pay for a new one.  3. 4. (As soon as possible)  2. When you leave your house find a place far away from the hurricane to stay for the night. . You can get killed. Don’t try saving your animals.Safety Measures  Hurricane Safety Tips 1. If they do leave ASAP. Watch the news to make sure that they don’t say a hurricane is coming.

People during that time and region lived in caves and died from the caves collapsing About the only places that have never recorded a major earthquake in the US are southern parts of Florida. Alabama and Texas.000 in 1556. killing over 800. . Alaska has the most earthquakes of any states in the US The deadliest earthquake happened in Central China.Earthquake facts Earthquakes A typical earthquake lasts under 60 seconds. An earthquake can trigger a tsunami or a volcano to erupt.

But this skin is not all in one piece – it is made up of many pieces like a puzzle covering the surface of the earth.Causes 1. outer core. the edges unstick on one of the faults and there is an earthquake. (figure 3) Not only that. Finally. The plate boundaries are made up of many faults. (figure 2) The crust and the top of the mantle make up a thin skin on the surface of our planet. mantle and crust. sliding past one another and bumping into each other. they get stuck while the rest of the plate keeps moving. when the plate has moved far enough. and most of the earthquakes around the world occur on these faults. but these puzzle pieces keep slowly moving around. and the edges of the plates are called the plate boundaries. We call these puzzle pieces tectonic plates. Since the edges of the plates are rough. What causes earthquakes and where do they happen? The earth has four major layers: the inner core. 2. .

Effects  The effects of the rumbling produced by earthquakes usually leads to the destruction of structures such as buildings. They can also trigger landslides. . bridges. and dams.

such as bolting bookcases to wall studs. 3 gallons (11.  Locate a place in each room of the house that you can go to in case of an earthquake. and a working battery-operated radio and flashlights.  Know how to turn off your gas and water mains. an up-to-date first aid kit.  Consult a professional to learn how to make your home sturdier. dust masks and goggles.Safety Measures  Safety Tips  Have an earthquake readiness plan. and strapping the water heater to wall studs.  Keep a supply of canned food. installing strong latches on cupboards. . It should be a spot where nothing is likely to fall on you.4 liters) of water per person.

Conclusion .

Glossary  natural disaster  tornado  hurricane  volcano  earthquakes  tsunamis .

Bibliography  Tornadoes  Volcanoes  Tsunamis  Hurricanes  Earthquakes .

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