Singapore Vs.

United States

Indicators • Human Development Index (HDI) • Happy Planet index • Gini Coefficient .

HDI • Standard of living o Measured by Real (GDP) per capita in purchasing power parity terms. and find the average age) & • infant mortality rate (Number of deaths of infants <1yr of age in a Place in a year x 1000) . based on US dollars • Knowledge • measured by adult literacy rate (determined by selfassessment and testing) • mean years of schooling received by adults >25 years old • Health • measured by life expectancy (take all the people that died in a period (or a representative sample). note their ages at death.

75 8.31 12.HDI Standard of Knowledge living GDP Per Capita Purchasi ng Power Literacy Rate (resident s aged 15+) 96 99 Mean years of schoolin g Health Infant Mortalit y Rate Life Expecta ncy at birth 81.939 Income: 0.714 $49.869) .8 2.24 118.000 91.866 (Health: 0.1 Singapor e United States 0.910 (Health: 0.897) US HDI: 0.751 Income: 0.964 Education: 0.4 6.00 78.923 Education: 0.910 $50.5 Singapore HDI: 0.866 0.

corporations and international organizations to portions of development which focus on aspects other than income like health and education. .Evaluation on HDI • Failure to: – include ecological considerations – recognize countries from a global perspective and instead examines each independently. • But HDI is important today because: – it consistently draws the attention of governments. • Redundant because: – it measures aspects of development that have already been highly studied worldwide.

while ensuring that others can do the same in the future. . • Tells us how well nations are doing in terms of supporting their inhabitants to live good lives now.Happy Planet index • The Happy Planet Index is a new measure of progress that focusses on sustainable well-being for all.

which used samples of around 1000 individuals aged 15 or over in each of more than 150 countries. • GDP per capita. • population density . – Some estimate the Ecological Footprint figures using predictive models against a range of variables: • CO2 emissions. • the degree of industrialisation and urbanisation.Happy Planet index Measured by: • Life expectancy • Experienced well-being – The data for average levels of well-being in each country are drawn from responses to the ladder of life question in the Gallup World Poll. • Ecological Footprint – Mostly use 2008 (latest avaialble) Ecological Footprint data from the 2011 Edition of the Global Footprint Networks National Footprint accounts.

Out of 151 countries • Singapore 90th US: 105th .

Evaluation on Happy Planet index • Takes into account: – people's reported life satisfaction. . lacks more current and complete information with which to evaluate well-being. – Most of the data used to evaluate quality of life comes from the World Values Survey. – statistical life expectancy – measurement of the country's ecological footprint. which is done just once every five years and doesn't include most of the world's countries. • However.