NodeB hardware system structure

ISSUE 1.0

Huawei Confidential. All Rights Reserved

Objectives

Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:

Master the hardware structure of the NodeB; Master the functional principle of the subsystems Master the functional principle of the board.

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References

《 31026663- BTS3812E Description(V1.50) 《

System

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Section 1 Introduction to Huawei’s NodeB solution Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E 4 Internal Use .

Huawei’s NodeB products  Huawei offers a series of WCDMA NodeBs conform to 3GPP R4/R5 FDD protocols 5 Internal Use .

Huawei’s NodeB products 6 Internal Use .

Huawei’s Macro NodeB products  BTS3812E  Cabinet appearance 7 Internal Use .

Huawei’s Macro NodeB products  BTS3812A  Cabinet appearance 8 Internal Use .

Huawei’s Mini NodeB products  BTS3801 / 2 / 3 C  Cabinet appearance BTS3801C BTS3802C BTS3803C 9 Internal Use .

Huawei’s Distributed NodeB solution  Appearance of DBS3800 units BBU3806 RRU3801C 10 Internal Use .

Section 1 Introduction to Huawei’s NodeB solution Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E 11 Internal Use .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 12 Internal Use .

environment monitoring equipment and clock synchronization source.System Composition  The system of BTS3812E includes cabinet. 13 Internal Use . O&M terminal. antenna & feeder subsystem.

BTS3812E under full configuration 14 Internal Use .

The Logical Structure of BTS3812E  The logical structure of BTS3812E: Transport Subsystem NULP Baseband Subsystem RF Subsystem Antenna MTRU Rxo NBBI NDLP Rx1 Tx NMPT PA MAFU Rx path o Rx path1 Tx path NTTA Antenna Duplexer RNC NDTI/ NAOI NTTA Control Subsystem NMON BTS3812E cabinet 15 Internal Use .

The Logical Structure of BTS3812A 16 Internal Use .

logical structure and the working principle of the BTS3812E/BTS3812A. 17 Internal Use .we have talked about the system composition.Summary  In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 18 Internal Use .

Transport subsystem  Consisting of NDTI and NAOI to interface with the RNC 19 Internal Use .

Operation of NDTI / NAOI Operating environment of NDTI / NAOI in BTS3812E  HULP NBBI HDLP NMPT NDTI/ NAOI RNC 20 Internal Use .

Under minimum configuration. 21 Internal Use . The two NDTIs can share load. at least one NAOI or NDTI must be installed. Each NDTI provides up to eight E1/T1 ports that serve as the physical ports between NodeB and RNC. NDTIs can be installed in slots 12 and 13.Boards -NDTI      Providing E1/T1 ports to transmit ATM cells in IMA/UNI modes and supports AAL2 switching Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing them for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire NodeB. It achieves transport between 2G and 3G systems in the fractional ATM mode and circuit emulation mode.

 Extracting clock signals from the Iub interface and providing them for NMPT as the clock reference source of the entire NodeB.  Providing four E1/T1 ports serving as circuit-emulation transmission channels for other equipment in the room.  22 Internal Use .  Each NAOI provides two 155 M optical ports. One port can satisfy the capacity requirement of the NodeB and the other is for cascading.Boards -NAOI Supporting the transmission of ATM cells over STM-1 and supports AAL2 switching.

23 Internal Use . features and the working principle .we have learnt the transport subsystem composition.Summary Summary  In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 24 Internal Use .

 25 Internal Use .  Including HULPs. HDLPs and NBBIs.Baseband Subsystem Performing downlink processing. uplink processing and closed loop processing on the physical layer.

downlink modulation and power control.  Closed loop processing: The baseband subsystem implements physical layer closed loop processing for uplink & downlink power control. The NBBI then allocates the DL data to the RF subsystem or RRU. it sends the data in the format of FP packets to the transport subsystem. uplink TPC. it transmits the data to the NBBI. and DL closed loop transmit diversity processing. It retrieves related control information ( ex.Baseband Subsystem  The baseband subsystem provides the following functions:  Downlink processing: The baseband subsystem receives FP packets from the transport subsystem. downlink TPC) from the UL received data and then sends the control information to DL transmit channels. After channel coding. After demodulation and decoding.  Uplink processing: The baseband subsystem receives the UL baseband data from the RF subsystem or the RRU. 26 Internal Use .

The DL resources of NBBI and HDLP form the DL resource pool.  processes UL baseband signals and DL baseband signals. One NBBI can process up to UL signals and DL signals over 128 channels.Boards-NBBI NBBI provides an interface between the RF subrack and the baseband subrack. The UL resources of NBBI and HULP build up the UL resource pool.  Work in 1+1 backup mode .  27 Internal Use .

Operation of NBBI  Operating Environment NBBIs 28 Internal Use .

NBOI is applicable to BTS3812E&BTS3812A connected with RRUs.55 km (multi-mode).  The NBOI has the following functions:  Provides an interface between the RRU and the baseband subrack in the master cabinet. and 40 km (singlemode)  29 Internal Use .  Processing 128 uplink and downlink channel signals  NBOI contains three optical ports supporting remote RRU connection over 0. that is.Boards-NBOI The NodeB baseband processing and optical interface unit (NBOI) is basically an NBBI plus a sub-board. 10 km. NodeB optical interface transfer unit (NOIT).

Operation of NBOI Operating Environment of NBOIs  30 Internal Use .

 31 Internal Use .Boards-HDLP  NodeB HSDPA supported downlink processing unit (HDLP) encodes and modulates DL signals. no HDLP might be installed.  HDLP supports DL processing of HSDPA services. One HDLP can process up to DL signals over 384 voice channels. Under minimum configuration.  HDLPs can be installed in slots 8 and 9.

Operation of HDLP  Operating environment of an HDLP in the system 32 Internal Use .

and UL decoding.Boards-HULP NodeB HSDPA supported uplink processing unit (HULP) performs search over uplink (UL) access channels.  HULPs can be configured in slots 2 to 7 in the baseband subrack.  HULP supports UL processing of HSDPA services.  One HULP can process up to UL signals over 128 voice channels. Under minimum configuration. it is not necessary to configure HULPs. demodulation over dedicated channels (DCH).  33 Internal Use .

Operation of HULP  operating environment of NULP 34 Internal Use .

Summary Summary  In this section. HDLP. HULP boards. 35 Internal Use . we have learnt the baseband subsystem and the NBBI 《 NBOI.

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 36 Internal Use .

MAFU MAFU MAFU MAFU MAFU MAFU 0 1 2 3 4 5 MTRU NBBI MTRU MTRU MTRU MTRU MTRU 0 1 2 3 4 5 37 Internal Use .RF Subsystem  The RF subsystem includes MTRU and MAFU subracks.

the configuration of output power in each carrier can be flexible.Boards-MTRU Each MTRU provides two Rx channels and one Tx channel. there are two types of MTRU: 38 W and 50 W. By output power. BTS3812E can host up to six MTRUs. If the MTRU support two carriers.      38 Internal Use . Each MTRU supports bi-carrier processing.

That is.  39 Internal Use .Boards-MAFU  BTS3812E can host one to six MAFU. MAFU controls the TMA and RET through feeders and built-in internal (antenna interface standards group (AISG) interface. the number of MAFU configured to BTS3812E&BTS3812A is the same as that of MTRU. and one to six MTRUs accordingly.

Operation of MTRU / MAFU  Typical configuration of 1x1-2 way receive diversity 40 Internal Use .

2 way receive diversity 41 Internal Use .Operation of MTRU / MAFU Typical configuration of 3x2 .

42 Internal Use .we have learnt the RF subsystem composition and it’s working principle .Summary Summary  In this section .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 43 Internal Use .

 44 Internal Use .Control Subsystem The control subsystem includes NMPT and NMON.

which work in the active/standby mode.  Controlling NFAN and environment monitoring equipment through NCCU.  45 Internal Use . configuration management..  It provides reference clock signals for the entire NodeB. performance testing. software download. and management of other boards in the system. switchover between active and standby NMPTs.Boards-NMPT equipment management. NBAP common signaling processing.  A BTS3812E cabinet can host up to two NMPTs.

Operation of NMPT  Operating environment of NMPT 46 Internal Use .

 NMON adjusts and controls the RET through the MAFU.  47 Internal Use .Boards -NMON NMON provides the input and output interfaces for the NodeB to monitor other equipment. The 32-line input interface is used to collect alarms of the peripheral devices and the 7-line output interface is used to control other equipment.

Operation of NMON

Operating environment of NMON

MAFU

RET

NMPT

NMON

Input ports

Output control ports

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Clock Synchronization

BTS3812E supports three clock synchronization modes:  Synchronization with Iub interface clock signals  Synchronization with GPS clock signals  Synchronization with external reference clock signals  Internal free-run mode .  The clock synchronization of the BTS3812E is achieved by the clock module of the NMPT, which provides timing signals for the entire NodeB.

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Summary

Summary

In this section ,we have learnt the control subsystem composition and it’s working principle .

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Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 51 Internal Use .

Antenna & Feeder Subsystem  composition: Antenna Antenna stand Jumper Jumper TMA Feeder Jumper NodeB cabinet 52 Internal Use .

Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Antenna : By radiation features in horizontal directions: .Single polarization antennas .Omni directional antennas .Directional antennas By polarization features: .  53 Internal Use .Dual polarization antennas  The antenna connector is a DIN connector (7/16'').

there are three choices:  7/8" feeders: used for the distance shorter than 40 m  5/4" feeders: used for the distance longer than 40 m  1/2" super-flexible cables are used between: Antennas and main feeders. Cabinet and main feeders.  54 Internal Use .Feeder Feeder : For the main feeders. Antennas and TMAs.

 There are two types of TMAs: Single TMA.  The bypass function on power-off ensures that the received signals can bypass LNA and reach the BTS3812E upon LNA failure. TMA amplifies the received weak signals on the tower top to increase the receive sensitivity and improve the UL receiving performance.  55 Internal Use . Double TMAs.TMA A tower mounted amplifier (TMA) is a low noise amplification module installed on the tower top. It is the RF front end.

we have learnt the Antenna & Feeder subsystem and its components .Summary Summary  In this section . 56 Internal Use .

Section 2 Introduction to BTS3812E Chapter 1 System Architecture Chapter 2 Transport Subsystem Chapter 3 Baseband Subsystem Chapter 4 RF Subsystem Chapter 5 Control Subsystem Chapter 6 Antenna & Feeder Subsystem Chapter 7 O&M Subsystem Chapter 8 Hardware Configuration 57 Internal Use .

O&M Subsystem  O&M Subsystem composition: LMT NodeB IP over Ethernet IPoA RNC iManager M2000 LMT IPoA NodeB IP over Ethernet LMT LMT 58 Modem Internet/DDN PSTN Modem LMT Internal Use .

The RNC provides the IP route. The RNC provides the IP route  Near end maintenance: Maintaining a NodeB on LMT through the local Ethernet port of the NodeB. 59 Internal Use .O&M Subsystem  operators can perform O&M for a NodeB through the following three ways:  Far end maintenance: Maintaining NodeBs on M2000 Client in the NMS center through the Internet or Intranet provided by the operator.  Reversed maintenance: Maintaining another NodeB on LMT through the local Ethernet port of this NodeB.

 The LMT can perform maintenance for only one NodeB at a time.O&M Subsystem The maintenance terminals include the LMT and M2000. M2000 provides powerful remote centralized O&M functions and can perform maintenance for several NEs including NodeBs.  60 Internal Use .

O&M Subsystem  Hardware of O&M subsystem NodeB Cabinet NDTI/ NAOI NDLP M2000 NULP NBBI NMPT LMT NMON MTRU MAFU 61 Internal Use .

we have learnt the O&M subsystem composition and it’s working principle .Summary Summary  In this section . 62 Internal Use .

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