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WAREHOUSE MANGEMENT

If you are not using the Warehouse Management System, the storage location is the lowest level of inventory management in the system.

When you implement the Warehouse Management System (WMS) in a plant, you define the individual warehouses (high-rack storage, block storage, picking area, and so on) as storage types within a warehouse complex and group them together under a warehouse number.

Warehouse Number : New Creation

A warehouse complex is represented in the Warehouse Management system as a warehouse number.


3 Character Alphanumeric key that defines a complex warehousing system consisting of different organizational and technical units (storage areas).

Warehouse Number : Features

All warehouse procedures, such as stock placements and stock removals of materials, are always executed within a warehouse number.

A warehouse number has the following characteristics:


A warehouse number does not have an address, but a short descriptive text. It is possible to store material data that is specific to a warehouse number. Within each warehouse number, the stock figures are managed as quantities, not as values. Within a plant it is not possible to assign several storage locations to the same warehouse number.

Warehouse Number : Assignments

Storage Type
Definition
A physical or logical subdivision(storage area, warehouse facility, or a warehouse zone) of a complex warehouse ( warehouse number), distinguished by the warehouse procedures used, the space used or its organization form or function. Examples goods receipt area goods issue area picking area
high rack storage

Storage Type : New Creation

Storage Type : Features


A warehouse number is divided up into a number of storage types. A storage type is defined on the basis of its spatial or organizational features (for example, high rack storage area, bulk storage area, goods receipt area).
HIGH RACK STORAGE AREA A warehouse area with high-rack shelving units. The individual shelves are separated by aisles. These areas are usually operated on the basis of random storage, that is, each new incoming quantity is assigned to the next available storage bin. BULK STORAGE AREA Warehouse area without shelves where similar pallets or containers are stacked. The storage bins in bulk storage are usually separated by lines drawn on the floor. Each bin may only store a single material (cases of 1 liter bottles of orange juice, for example).

A storage type has the following features: A storage type does not have an address, but a short description. It is possible to store storage-type-specific material data. Within a storage type, inventory is executed for each storage bin.

Storage Section : Definition

In Warehouse Management (WM), a storage section is an organizational subdivision of a storage type that groups together storage bins with similar features for the purpose of putting away stock.

Storage Section : Example

Picking Area : Definition


A picking area is a section within a storage type in which all picking activities are carried out in the same way.

The picking area groups storage bins together from the viewpoint of picking strategies and is a counterpart to the storage section, which groups bins from the viewpoint of putaway strategies.

Storage Bin : Definition A storage type generally contains several storage spaces or slots known as storage bins.The storage bin is the Smallest addressable unit of space in a warehouse where the goods are or can be stored. You can also define the following additional characteristics of a storage bin:
Maximum weight
Total capacity Fire containment section

Storage bin type (for example, for small or large pallets)

Storage Bin Type: Definition

Storage bins may be divided into groups (for example, large storage bins, small storage bins, and so on). A suitable storage bin is proposed by the system during stock placement in combination with the storage unit type.

Staging Area : Definition


A staging area is an interim storage area for goods that have been received from goods receipt and afterwards need to be transferred into the warehouse. It is also an interim storage area for goods that were picked in a warehouse and are to be loaded for goods issue through loading ramps or doors.

Staging Area : Definition

Staging area may be assigned various functions like: goods receipt goods issue cross-docking flow-through A door may also assigned be to a staging area as a default value.

Door : Definition
This is the location where the goods arrive at or leave the warehouse.
The doors are located in physical proximity to the respective staging areas.

Door : Definition
Various functions which may be to assigned a door ( even simultaneously):

Goods receipts - Denotes a physical inward movement of goods or materials.


Goods issues - A
reduction in warehouse stock due, for instance, to a withdrawal of stock or the delivery of goods to a customer.

Cross-docking - The goods are brought from goods receipt directly to goods issue without
being put away, without being repacked between being received and issued from the distribution center.

Flow through - The goods are transported at goods receipt to a zone for repackaging and
are then brought to the goods issue area. There is no placement into storage between being received and issued from the distribution center. The extra repackaging step differentiates the flow-through process from that of crossdocking.

Door : Definition

You can assign different functions to a dock door, for example: Goods receipt Goods issue and other transactions such as cross-docking and flow-through.

Quant : Definition This is the stock of any material with the same features in one storage bin.
When you store goods in an empty storage bin in WM, the system automatically creates a quant in this bin & automatically assigns a quant number. The quant is automatically deleted by the system when the material quantity is picked.

Quant : Record
This data includes. Quant identification Plant Material number Batch number Stock category Special stock indicator and number

Quant
It is a quantity of material with similar characteristics in a single storage bin.
Bin1 has two quants, a single quant for material 1 a single quant for material 2. Bin2 contains 2 quants of material 3, each with a separate batch number.

Bin3 has a single quant of material 4.

Bin4 has 2 quants of material 5. The first quant is quality inspection stock with a stock category of "Q". The second quant of material 5 has been released from inspection and is now "unrestricted" stock that is available for use.

Changing Quant Data Logistics Logistics Execution Internal Whse Processes Bins and Stock Display Single Displays

Quant
Enter the warehouse number, the storage type and the bin

coordinate
To access the quant, choose Stock To change a quant in the list, position the cursor on the quant you want to display and choose Change Quant.

Save

Material Master Record


Logistics Logistics Execution Master Data Material Material Create Immediately Select view- Warehouse Management In the organization level window, if the storage type is entered additional fields are displayed under the Storage bin heading in the Warehouse Management 2 view.

Stock
Special stock is managed separately in the Warehouse Management (WM) application for reasons of ownership or for various factors reflecting the location in which they are kept. Following special stock using WM: Individual Customer (Sales Order) Stock (E)- (make-to-order) stock The special
stock number is made up of the sales order number (10 digits) and the sales order item (6 digits).

Consignment Stock (K) Returnable Transport Packaging (RTP) Vendor (M) Project Stock (Q)

Stock Category
Stock is categorized in WM as follows:
Available Stock- Unrestricted-use stock Inspection Stock - This stock carries the stock category "Q" to indicate that it is in quality
inspection. Once this stock has been inspected and a usage decision has been made, you carry out a Transfer Posting in the Inventory Management component and subsequent Posting Change in WM to remove the category Q, thus converting it to available stock.

Blocked Stock -This stock is displayed in WM with a stock category of "S".


This stock is processed in exactly the same manner as inspection stock. This stock is processed in exactly the same manner as inspection stock.

Blocked Stock Returns - When delivered goods are returned by a customer, they are first
posted in the system to "blocked stock returns" with a stock category of "R". You must carry out a posting change to return it to available stock.

Stock Status
When goods arrive in the warehouse, they are usually received in the Goods Receipt Area (GR-Area) near the receiving dock. Later, they are transferred using a transfer order to another area within the warehouse. During the period of time when move orders have been created for the movement of goods, two availability statuses exist for this stock which has not yet been moved. Hence these goods appear on the display lists under the following three headers: Quantity or Total Stock- This is the total quantity of material quants stored in the
warehouse that does not include quantities for planned putaways and picks.

For Stock Placement- A transfer order has been created for this stock to move it from one storage bin to another. It has been marked for putaway (storage) in the warehouse. For Stock Removal - A transfer order has been created to pick this stock from a
storage bin in the warehouse. In most cases, this stock will be transferred to a storage bin in the goods issue area.

Unit Of Measure

WM INTERFACE TO IM
The Inventory Management component communicates with WM through interim storage types. When you process a goods receipt in IM that is posted to a WM managed storage location, the quantity is automatically posted to an interim storage area (goods receipt area). Afterwards, WM posts the goods to a storage bin in the warehouse. This increases the total stock quantity in both IM and WM. When you process a goods issue, the system posts a quantity to an interim storage area (goods issue area or shipping zone). This time, however, a quant with a negative quantity is created since the IM posting reduces the total stock quantity

WM INTERFACE TO IM

WM INTERFACE TO IM

GR in the IM for a PO

1. 2. Transfer order in WM w.r.t. Transfer Requirement 1. 2.

GR doc. Is created in IM Stock is posted to Storage Location

Automatic transfer requirement in WM w.r.t. GR doc. Stock is noted in a storage bin in Interim storage Area.

Physical stock movement to Storage Bin