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MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

PREPARED BYABHINANDAN BEDUA

WHAT IS IT?
Management Information System(MIS) is

the most recent subfield of the quantitative school.

A MIS organizes past, present, and projected data from both internal and external sources and processes it into usable information, which it then makes available to managers at all organizational levels.
Contd...

WHAT IS IT?

it is an all-inclusive system for providing management with better information for effective decision making.

This system is partly a by-product of computer technology which dictates centralisation of data handling and information development for the benefit of entire organisation.

Information Systems
Why

Do People Need Information?

Individuals - Entertainment and enlightenment Businesses - Decision making, problem solving and control

Data, Information, and Systems


Data

vs. Information

Data
A given, or fact; a number, a statement, or a picture Represents something in the real world The raw materials in the production of information

Information
Data that have meaning within a context Data in relationships Data after manipulation

Data, Information, and Systems


Data

Manipulation

Example: customer survey


Reading through data collected from a customer survey with questions in various categories would be timeconsuming and not very helpful. When manipulated, the surveys may provide useful information.

Data, Information, and Systems

Generating Information
Computer-based ISs take data as raw material, process it, and produce information as output.

Figure 1.1 Input-process-output

Data, Information, and Systems

Figure 1.2 Characteristics of useful information

Data, Information, and Systems

What Is a System?
System: A set of components that work together to achieve a common goal Subsystem: One part of a system where the products of more than one system are combined to reach an ultimate goal Closed system: Stand-alone system that has no contact with other systems Open system: System that interfaces with other systems
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Data, Information, and Systems

Figure 1.3 Several subsystems make up this corporate accounting system.

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Data, Information, and Systems

Information and Managers


Systems thinking
Creates a framework for problem solving and decision making. Keeps managers focused on overall goals and operations of business.

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Data, Information, and Systems

Figure 1.5 Qualities of humans and computers that contribute to synergy

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Data, Information, and Systems

The Benefits of Human-Computer Synergy


Synergy
When combined resources produce output that exceeds the sum of the outputs of the same resources employed separately

Allows human thought to be translated into efficient processing of large amounts of data

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Data, Information, and Systems

Figure 1.6 Components of an information system

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Data, Information, and Systems

The Four Stages of Data Processing Input: Data is collected and entered into computer.

Data processing: Data is manipulated into information using mathematical, statistical, and other tools. Output: Information is displayed or presented.
Storage: Data and information are maintained for later use.
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Why Study IS?

Information Systems Careers


Systems analyst, specialist in enterprise resource planning (ERP), database administrator, telecommunications specialist, consulting, etc.

Knowledge Workers
Managers and non-managers
Employers seek computer-literate professionals who know how to use information technology.

Computer Literacy Replacing Traditional Literacy


Key to full participation in western society

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Function of MIS

Information systems organize data into usable and accessible formats. It stores all the information for better monitoring. They are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organization.

Example of MIS

The MIS computer is a useful accessory,which would store all the information, made available by :1. MINOS (mine operating system) 2. FIDO (Face Information Digested on line) :- For face monitoring and for giving the state the key items of the plant on the face.The following reports are available from the system :
a. b. c. Shiftwise face delay summary Shiftwise delay log Shiftwise and weekly face delay analysis

Thanks