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Fabrication Process

Joining two or more elements to make a single part is termed as fabrication process.
Fairly large numbers of industrial components are made by fabrication process . Examples: Aircraft ,Shipbuilding, Bridges, Sheet metal parts etc.

Classification Of Fabrication Process


Mechanical joining by means of

bolts, screws and rivets.


Welding, Brazing and Soldering.

Welding is a joining process that uses heat, pressure, and/or chemicals to fuse two materials together permanently. Welding covers a temp range of 1500 F - 3000 F (800C - 1635C).

Types Of Welding
Plastic welding or Pressure welding
Fusion welding or non pressure welding

Plastic Welding
The pieces are heated to a plastic state and then forced together by external pressure.

Fusion Welding
In fusion welding the material at the joint is heated to a molten state and allowed to solidify.

Gas welding ( oxy acetylene, air acetylene ,oxy -

hydrogen) Resistance welding (Butt, Projection, percussion ,spot , seam) Thermit welding Solid state welding ( friction, diffusion , ultrasonic, explosive) Advance welding (electro beam ,laser beam)

Classification of ARC WeLding

WELDING
Carbon arc welding

ARC WELDING

Metal arc welding Gas metal arc welding(MIG) Gas tungsten welding (TIG) Submerged arc welding Plasma arc welding

Electro slag welding

WELDING PARAMETERS
welding current Welding Material

Shielding Gas
Electrode

Carbon Arc Welding


In carbon arc welding heat is produced

with an arc between a carbon electrode and work, normally no shielding gas is used. Carbon arc welding process can be used as an all position welding process.

Carbon Arc Welding

MIG Welding
In mig welding process a consumable

wire of 0.8 to 2.4 mm dia is wounded in spool form is feed at a preset speed through a welding torch where it is provided the electrical connection and the shelding gas.

MIG WELDING

TIG WELDING
Tig welding is a process in which the

source of heat is an arc formed between a non consumable tungsten electrode and the work piece, shielding gas argon is supplied continuously during welding

TIG WELDING

TIG WELDING

Submerged Arc Welding


Submerged arc welding is the process in

which continuous copper coated spooled wire is used with loose granulated powder ahead of the arc , so to protect the molten pool from atmospheric gases.

Submerged Arc Welding

Carbon-Electrodes

Welding Troch & Cable

TIG Welding Machine

TIG Welding Torch

Tungsten Electrodes

Gas Regulator

TIG WELDING

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