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By:

Vipin Sahai Pankaj


B.Tech. (4th Year Mech.) SRMCEM, Lucknow

Job Profile: ZENITH ERECTORS PRIVATE LIMITED has been established by Mr. Pradip
Kumar Bhattacharya in 1985 at P12 Haldia Industrial Estate, West Bengal. The main work of ZENITH ERECTOES Pvt. Ltd. is deals with erection and fabrication of fixed roof tanks, floating roof tanks, pressure vessels, heat exchanger, boilers, flares, structures and many others things which are used in oil refineries or industries ZENITH ERECTOES Pvt. Ltd has got several national and state level clients. The major clients are listed below:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.(Surat, Bongaigaon, Barauni, Haldia Refinery) Reliance Petrochemicals Ltd., Jamnagar Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, Haldia Refinery TATA Metaliks Ltd., Kharagpur

5.
6.

Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd.


Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd., Haldia Refinery

Introduction: Storage tanks have been widely used in many industries but
particularly in the Oil Refinery and Petrochemical Industry, which are to store a
multitude of different product with crude oil as one if it. There are different types of tanks such as fixed roof tanks, open roof tank, floating roof tank etc.

There are many types of storage tanks used in the industries:


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Open Top Tank Fixed Roof Tank Cone Roof Tank Dome Roof Tank Floating Roof Tank

A view of IOCL Refinery Haldia

Another view of IOCL Haldia Refinery

Floating Roof Tank


Floating roof tank was developed shortly after World War I by Chicago Bridge &
Iron Company (CB & I). Evaporation of the product in fixed roof caused a great lost of money, this led to research to develop a roof that can float directly on the surface of product, reducing the evaporation losses. Principles of the Floating Roof Tank The floating roof is a circular steel structure provided with a built-in buoyancy which allowing it to sit/ float on top of the liquid product in a close or open top

tank. Floating roof tank, in which the roof floats directly on top of the product,
with no vapour space and eliminating the possibility of flammable atmosphere.

Basic Design Of Floating Roof Tank

Methods For Construction Of Floating Roof Tanks


There are mainly two method adopted for construction.
1. Progressive Assembly & Welding and Complete Assembly Followed by Welding of Horizontal Seam Method for Welded Vertical Tank. 2. Jacking-Up and Flotation Method for Welded Vertical Tank

Progressive Assembly & Welding and Complete Assembly Followed by Welding of Horizontal Seam Method for Welded Vertical Tank.

Jacking-Up and Flotation Method for Welded Vertical Tank

Rolling Ladder and Gauger Platform Installed in a Floating Roof Tank

Processes Used in the erection of Floating Roof Tank


1.

Blasting

2.Preparation of foundation

3. Welding

4. Finishing

5.Inspection

6. Painting

Different Fittings Used in working of Floating Roof Tank


1.

Flanges

2. Elbow 3. Nozzle 4. Strainer 5. Coupling 6. Threaded pipes 7. Different Gauges.

A Floating Roof Tank At IOCL, Haldia Refinery

Thanks to all of you