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POWER SUPPLY FOR A METRO SYSTEM

Mahendra Kumar
CEE/DMRC
9.8.12

MAP OF THE PRESENTATION
• IEC 61850
• ADOPTION 61850 in DMRC
• Reliability of Power supply
• Arrangements adopted in DMRC
IEC 61850
FUNCTIONAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
SYSTEM BE-8A
FUNCTIONAL PARTS OF SAS BE-8A
• SAS comprises of
• Bay Control IED Unit (BCU)
• Bay Protection IED Unit (BPU)
• Station Human Machine Interface (Main and Stand by)
• Gateway for Remote Control Centre
• Communication through fibre optic medium
• Ethernet switch
• Peripheral devices like printer, display unit, keyboards etc
• DR workstation
• GPS for Time Synchronising
• UPS
• Standard Functionality and communication as per IEC 61850
standard.

BAY CONTROL UNIT
• Bay Control IED Unit has
• Fully Complaint to IEC 61850 standard
• Control and Monitoring function
• Synchro-check function
• Voltage selection function
• In built back up o/c protection function
• Displays status of bay oriented equipments
• Peer-Peer communication using GOOSE message for interlocking
function
• Communication through fibre optic medium
• Interoperable with third party IEC 61850 compliant devices
• Directly Connected to the inter bay bus on IEC 61850


STATION LEVEL HMI FUNCTIONS
• Station level HMI functions
• Displays status of all equipments of each bays in single
line diagram format
• Controlling of all equipments of each bays
• Measurements
• Event and Alarm Handling
• System supervision
• Event and Alarm list generation
• User authority levels
• Reports handling
• Disturbance analysis
• IED parameter setting


COMMUNICATION DEVICES
• Gateways
• Communication interface medium for Remote
OCC.
• Two ports for simultaneous reporting to two
masters i.e. at shastripark and Metrobhavan
• One spare port for future use.
• Fibre optic medium
• Data exchange between IED on bay level and
Station level through fibre optic cables
• Disturbance free communication


COMMUNICATION DEVICES

• Ethernet switch
• Interface device between IED at bay level and
Station level for data exchange
• One switch for two bays
• Data exchange as per IEC 61850 standard
• Operates on 110V dc


SYSTEM HARDWARE
• Station Hardware
• Main and Standby station HMI workstation
• DR workstation for disturbance handling
• Plasma screen for display of overall SLD of
the station
• Printers (one Laser and one DoT matrix type)
• GPS receiver for time synchronizing


FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
Four level of operations
• Operation Control Centers(OCC)
• Station HMI (Station level)
• Local Bay Controller IED (Bay level)
• Apparatus levelOperations shall be possible
by only one operator at a time subject to
interlocking, synchrocheck and other
functions etc


LIST OF IED
• BCU
• REC 670 IED dedicated for controlling, monitoring and back up o/c
protection function for each and every bay of 66/33/25kV level
• BPU
• RED 670 IED dedicated for Line or cable differential protection
with backup distance protection function for 66kV incomer bays
• RET 670 IED dedicated for Transformer diff. protection with
integrated REF and standby E/F protection function for
Transformer bays.
• REB 670 IED dedicated for BusbarProtection function for 66kV
busbar
• REO 517 dedicated for 25kV Traction feeder protection


ADVANTAGES OVER CONVENTIONAL
SYSTEM
• Highly reliable
• Less maintenance
• Reduced hardwiring
• Conventional RTU’snot required.
• Modification or Extension of components does
not require shutdown of whole SAS
• Safety for operating staff
• Minimum basic training is required for operating
staff.

SHASTRI PARK DEPOT
(RSS 220kV)
(RSS 66kV GIS)
(RSS 66kV)
(RSS 66kV)
DWARKA
NJF DEPOT
(RSS 66kV)
INDRAPRASTHA
(RSS 66kV)
SUSHANT LOK
KHYBER PASS
Red Line
Yellow Line
Blue Line
SYMBOLS
Interchange Station (Existing)
Future Interchange Station
GTB NAGAR
JEHANGIRPURI
VISHWA VIDYALAYA
DILSHAD
GARDEN
VAISHALI
ANAND
VIHAR
BOTANICAL
NOIDA S-32
CITY CENTRE
GARDEN
SARITA
BADARPUR
SHUSHANT
CHATARPUR
SAKET LAJPAT
NAGAR
CENTRAL
SECRETIAT
IP
RAJIV CHOWK
KIRTI
SUBHASH
D
W
A
R
K
A
S
E
C
9
NAGAR
D
W
A
R
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A
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2
1
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IR
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A
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T
H
A
L
A
I
N
D
E
R
L
O
K
ASHOK PARK
NAGAR
U/G Line
YAMUNA
BANK DEPOT
S
H
I
V
A
J
I
S
T
D
M
.
RSS
2
.5
0
K
m
GHITORNI DEPOT
VIHAR
DEPOT
MUNDKA
(RSS 220kV)
(RSS 132kV)
(RSS 66kV)
(RSS 66kV GIS)
GATE
AMBEDKAR COLONY
(RSS 66kV GIS)
(RSS 66kV GIS)
RITHALA
NEW DELHI
KASHMERE
LOK
(RSS 66kV GIS)
AIRPORT
(RSS 66kV GIS)
PARK STREET
SHAHDRA
The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has successfully completed the Phase I & Phase II
of construction of Metro Corridors, namely
• Line 1 (Shahdara-Rithala),
• Line 2 (Vishwa Vidyalaya-Central Secretariat)
• Line 3 (Barakhamba Road-Dwarka, including extension Dwarka-Dwarka Subcity and
Barakhamba Road-Indraprastha).
• Line 4
• Line 5
• Line 6
As part of Phase I & II Projects, 6 & 8 Receiving Substations have also been installed
respectively
POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENT FOR PHASE-I
Line
No.
Name of DMRC
RSS
Abbre-
viation
Incoming
Voltage
Source of
Supply
Grid Substation
Remarks
Location Agency
1
Kashmere Gate KG 220 kV Mandaula Kashmere Gate NDPL
Rithala RL 66 kV Bawana Rohini I NDPL
2 New Delhi ND 66 kV GTPS GTPS BYPL
3
Dwarka DW 66 kV Bamnauli Pappankalan II BRPL
Subhash Nagar SN 66 kV Bamnauli Pappankalan I BRPL
Indraprastha IP 66 kV GTPS GTPS BYPL
DMRC is building the following Corridors as part of DMRC-
Phase II Project.

Sr. No. Corridor Ref. Name of Corridor Remarks
RO Shahdara-Dilshad Garden
IN Indraprastha-New Ashok Nagar via Yamuna Bank
YA Yamuna Bank-Anand Vihar
MO
Vishwa Vidyalaya-Jehangir Puri
IM
Inderlok-Mundka
M3
Central Secretariat-Green Park
M4
Green Park-Ambedkar Colony
GE
Ambedkar Colony-Sushant Lok (Gurgaon)
NE
New Ashok Nagar-Noida
POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENT FOR PHASE-II
Line
No.
Name of
DMRC RSS
Abbre-
viation
Incoming
Voltage
EHV
Feeder
Grid Substation
Source of
Supply
Remarks
Location Agency
Line2
Ext.
Jehangirpuri JP 220 kV
1 Shalimar Bagh NDPL Bawana
GSS for 2
nd

Feeder yet to
be decided 2 None at present
Ambedkar
Colony
AC
66 kV 1 Mehrauli BRPL
Bamnauli /
Badapur
2 Mehrauli BRPL
Sushant Lok SL 66 kV
1
Sushant Lok
Sector 52A
HVPNL
Badshah-
pur
2
nd
Feeder yet
to be provided
2
Sushant Lok Sec.
57
HVPNL
Line 3
Ext.
Botanical
Garden
BG 132 kV
1
Noida
Sector 45
UPPCL
Sector 20
Noida *
(220 kV)
2
Noida
Sector 45
UPPCL
Line 5 Mundka MK 66 kV
1 Kanjhawla BRPL Bawana
2
nd
Feeder yet
to be provided
2 Mundka DTL
Bamnauli/
Bawana
Integrating Phase I & Phase II Power Supply Systems
25 kV Feeder from
Subhash Nagar TSS to
Kirti Nagar-II FP (IM Line)
COMPOSITE POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENT DRAWING
25 kV Feeder from Line1 OHE
to Inderlok II FP (IM Line)
KGE /
KG
MD
NDPL
IP
G
T
P
/
N
D
G
T
B
Y
P
L
ROH /
RL
BW
NDPL
NDPL
JP
SHB /
KJW
MK
BW
BRPL
MHL /
AC
BD
BRPL
BRPL
DW
BM
PKT /
B
R
P
L
S
N
P
K
O
/
Kirti Nagar
FP
Inderlok II
FP ISBT
FP
U
P
P
C
L
B
G
N
T
S
4
5
/
SL
Appendix-I
HVPNL S52A /
HVPNL S57 /
BM
LEGEND
TRACTION POWER SUPPLY

1. NORMAL POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENTS

2. ESTIMATED POWER REQUIREMENT

3. PROJECTED POWER DEMANDS AT DMRC SUBSTATIONS


NORMAL POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENTS
Assuming that all DMRC Traction Substations are healthy and
feeding, the zone of feed of every Traction Substation extends
upto the Neutral Section (Sectioning Post) on either side of
the Substation. A schematic traction power supply diagram,
showing the locations of Traction Substations and their zone
of feed, under normal conditions of power supply is as below.
NORMAL POWER SUPPLY ARRANGEMENTS
PRASTHA CHOWK
DWARKA
SUBCITY
SECTOR-9
DWARKA
SAKET
SUSHANT LOK
ANDHERIA
MOR
HAUS
KHAS
CENTRAL
SECTT
NOIDA
BOTANICAL
GARDEN
VIHAR
MAYUR
NAGAR
SUBHASH
MUNDKA
NJF DEPOT
RITHALA
INDERLOK-II
Kirti Nagar II
RAJIV INDRA
NEW DELHI
(LINE1) KG
AZADPUR
PURI
VIDYALAYA
VISWA-
JEHANGIR
VAISHALI
YAMUNA
BANK
DILSHAD GARDEN SAHADARA
AMBEDKAR
COLONY
SP
2x30MVA
2x30/45MVA
2x30MVA
2x40MVA
2x40MVA
UTTAM NAGAR
2x30MVA
2x30MVA
2x30MVA
2x40MVA
NAGAR
SP
KAROL
BAGH
25 kV Feeder from
Subhash Nagar TSS to
Kirti Nagar-II FP (IM Line)
SP
2x30MVA
2x30MVA
SCHEMATIC TRACTION POWER SUPPLY DIAGRAM
SP
SP
SP
SP
INDERLOK
KANHAIYA
25 kV Feeder from
Line1 OHE to Inderlok II
FP (IM Line)
Appendix 2
Main
Ashok Park
Lengths of Feed
• The following table indicates the approximate Lengths of feed
from various TSS, under normal conditions of feed.
• These lengths are made use of for projecting the Power
requirements now. These lengths may be different from the
lengths adopted at the time of making Simulation Studies.
The lengths of feeding zones adopted at the time of making
Simulation Studies, are made use of for calculating the
average power requirement per km based on Simulation
Studies.]
Length of Feed from various Substations, under Normal conditions of feed
Name of Substation
Length of Feed (km)
Remarks
Towards Direction
A
Towards Direction
B
Total
Kashmere Gate 7.103 9.102 16.205
Rithala 1.410 7.894 8.664
Jehangirpuri 0.070 3.788 3.858
Dwarka 5.625 5.925 11.550
Subhash Nagar 3.584 9.129 12.713
Indraprastha 7.082 15.300 22.382
Botanical Garden 3.285 4.271 7.556
Mundka 0.106 17.499 17.605
ESTIMATED POWER REQUIREMENTS

The Power demand at the various Traction Substations, depends upon a number of
factors, such as

– Lengths of feeding zone

– No of trains in the feeding zones

– Power drawn by each train, based on its state (whether starting, accelerating, coasting,
braking etc)

– The profile of track in the zone which is being fed by the TSS.
• A precise estimation of power demand can be made only with
the help of a suitable computer software, which can simulate
the train running, determine the current drawn by each train
in the feeding zone, add up the power demands to arrive at
the total Instantaneous demand at the Substation and also
integrate the power demand over a specified time interval
(say 15-minutes). Based on past data records and on thumb-
rule calculations, the max power demand per km, can be
interpolated for various combinations of train running (8-car,
6-car, 4-car trains at say, 3-min, 4-min, 6-min etc headway).
Figures adopted by RITES in the DPR

RITES, in their “Detailed Project Report for Phase II Corridors of Delhi Metro”, had
adopted the following figures for Peak hour power demand per km of the route, for
different train operation plans.
Peak Hour Trains and
Hourly Traction Power Demand per Km

Year
Trains per
hour
Average Hourly Power Demand (MW/Km)
Number of Cars per Train
4-Car 6-Car 8-Car
2011 & 2021
10 0.36 0.54 0.72
12 0.43 0.65 0.86
20 0.72 1.08 1.43
Designed 24 0.86 1.30 1.73
AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

• The various electrical and electro-mechanical
installations in passenger stations are required to be
provided with electrical power at 415 V 3 phase.

• AMS

• 33 kv network

• ASS


INTERCONNECTION STUDY
•GENERAL

The object of the interlink between various DMRC Lines is to ensure an emergency supply between the

lines, both at 25 kV and 33 kV. Under normal power supply arrangements, the different DMRC Lines are

deriving power supply from the following RSS/TSS/AMS, situated in the respective lines.
Line 1 Description
Power Supply from
25 kV 33 kV
1 Rithala - Dilshad Garden
KG
Rithala
KG
Rithala
2
Jehangirpuri –
Viswavidyalaya - Central
Sectt. - Qutub Minar -
Sushant Lok (Gurgaon)
Jehangirpuri
New Delhi
Ambedkar Colony
Sushant Lok
Jehangirpuri
New Delhi
Ambedkar Colony
Sushant Lok
3
Dwarka Sector 9 – Dwarka
Barakhamba Road –
Indraprastha – New Ashok
Nagar – Noida (including
Yamuna Bank – Vaishali)
Dwarka
Subhash Nagar
Indraprastha
Botanical Garden
Dwarka
Subhash Nagar
Indraprastha
Botanical Garden
4 Inderlok - Mundka Mundka Mundka
• The Lines 1, 2 and 3 have more than one Substation
and hence, under an Emergency condition, when
one of the Substations in the Line, is totally out-of-
service, one of the remaining healthy Substations in
the Line, will be able to provide the back-up power,
both at 25 kV and 33 kV. However, in the case of Line
5, which has only one Substation and is not track-
linked with any of the other Lines, Interconnection
Links at 25 kV and 33 kV, with other Line/s, are
essential and hence provided at detailed below.
• Traction Power LINKS

– Interconnection Links between Lines 1, 2 and 3

– 25 kV Link between Line 1 and Line 2

– Two additional 25 kV Outgoing bays were established in the KG TSS, to
enable two 25 kV Link feeders to be taken off the 25 kV bus bars at KG TSS.
These Link feeders were taken to ISBT FP of Line 2 and can be used, if
required, to feed 25 kV traction power to Line 2, if New Delhi TSS fails. As a
long term measure, it may also be worthwhile to consider adding one more
66 kV / 27.5 kV Traction transformer at KG TSS along with a 66 kV feeder
from the GTPS.

• 25 kV Link between Line 2 and Line 3

A 25 kV Link had been established between
New Delhi TSS (of Line 2) and the R.K. Ashram
Marg FP (of Line 3). The Link is made up of a
240 sq mm copper cable, which will be able to
safely transfer a power upto 7.5 MVA, from
New Delhi TSS of R.K. Ashram Marg FP.

•25 kV Link between Line 3 and Line 1

The Link between Line 1 and Line 3, originally envisaged between
Rithala TSS (Line 1) and Dwarka TSS (Line 3), was given up and at
present an indirect link exists between Line 1 and Line 3, from KG
TSS (Line1) to R.K. Ashram Marg FP (Line 3), via the 25 kV Bus bars
at New Delhi TSS. However this Link is not useful from technical, as
well as, logistical points of view.
2. INTERCONNECTION LINKS WITH LINE 5
– 25 kV Link between Line 5 and Line 3

A Feeding Post at Kirti Nagar II (in IM Corridor) has been
established and this FP derives 25 kV single phase power
supply from Subshah Nagar TSS (Line 3), via a 25 kV Link
consisting of duplicate 25 kV feeders (each feeder
consisting of a phase cable 2x240 sq mm copper and a
return cable 2x240 sq mm (3.3 kV) copper).
•Provisions made in the Design

Sr.
No.
Item Availability of Redundancy
1
Incoming HV Feeders from the Grid
Substation to the DMRC Receiving
Substation
2 Incoming Feeders provided (except in KG and
Jehangirpuri RSS)
2 Traction Transformers
2 Traction Transformers are provided at every
Substation. Each transformer is rated fore 100%
load at the Substation, one supplying the load and
the other remaining as hot-standby.
3 25 kV Outgoing Traction Feeders
4 Outgoing feeders provided at every Substation,
each feeder designed to carry the full traction load.
Failure of Traction Transformer
• Every Substation has 2 traction transformers,
each rated for the 100% maximum power
demand at the Substation. One transformer
supplies the entire load and the other remains
as ‘hot-standby’. Hence, failure of one traction
transformer at one Substation, does not affect
the 25 kV traction power supply to the
Traction Overhead Equipment.
Failure of 25 kV Feeder/ Equipment
• Failure of one 25 kV Traction outgoing feeder
or failure of one 25 kV power supply
equipment, does not affect the 25 kV traction
power supply to the equipment.
OVERALL CONTINGENCY POWER SUPPLY PLAN Appendix 3
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Emergency Power Supply Plan
1. Line 1 (Rithala-Shahdara-Dilshad Garden)
Sr. No. Emergency
Conditions
Standby Power
Supply
Remarks
1st
Standby
2nd
Standby
1A Rithala Fails Kashmere
Gate
Mundka KG Supply is from KGE GSS (NDPL)
RL Supply is from ROH GSS (NDPL)
MK Supply is from MK GSS (NDPL)
1B Kashmere
Gate Fails
Rithala Mundka As a 3rd standby, power can be drawn
from New Delhi TSS.
2. Line 2 (Jehangirpuri – Viswavidyalaya-Central Secretariat –
Qutub Minar – Sushant Lok)

Sr. No. Emergency
Conditions
Standby Power
Supply
Remarks
1st
Standby
2nd
Standby
2A Jehangirpuri
Fails
New Delhi - If JP fails and at the same time ND
is also off, then power can be
drawn from KG.
2B New Delhi
Fails
Ambedkar
Colony
Jehangirpuri As a 3rd standby, power can be
drawn from Kashmere Gate TSS
2C Ambedkar
Colony Fails
New Delhi Sushant Lok
2D Sushant Lok
Fails
Ambedkar
Colony
-
3. Line 3 & 4 (Dwarka-Indraprastha-New Ashok Magar-Noida,
Yamuna Bank-Vaishali)

Sr. No. Emergency
Conditions
Standby Power
Supply
Remarks
1st
Standby
2nd
Standby
3A Dwarka
Fails
Subhash
Nagar
-
3B Subhash
Nagar Fails
Dwarka Indraprastha As a 3
rd
standby, power can be
drawn from New Delhi TSS.
3C Indraprasth
a Fails
Botanical
Garden
Subhash
Nagar
As a 3
rd
standby, power can be
drawn from New Delhi TSS.
3D Botanical
Garden
Fails
Indraprast
ha
-
4.Line 5 (Mundka-Kirti Nagar-Inderlok)
Sr. No. Emergency
Conditions
Standby Power
Supply
Remarks
1st
Standby
2nd
Standby
4 Mundka
Fails
Subhash
Nagar
Kashmere
Gate
AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY
GENERAL
As already described above, the normal auxiliary power supply
arrangement includes

• Two independent 33 kV feeders to feed the ASS’s
• Division of the feeders into separate loops deriving feed from
different AMS’s.

The Schematic Auxiliary Power Supply Diagram as below,
shows the division of feeders into separate loops in the various
Corridors.
PRASTHA CHOWK
DWARKA
SUBCITY
SECTOR-9
DWARKA
SAKET
SUSHANT LOK
ANDHERIA
MOR
HAUS
KHAS
CENTRAL
SECTT
NOIDA
BOTANICAL
GARDEN
NAGAR
SUBHASH
MUNDKA
NJF DEPOT
RITHALA
INDERLOK-II
Kirti Nagar II
RAJIV INDRA
NEW DELHI
(LINE1) KG
PURI
VIDYALAYA
VISWA-
JEHANGIR
VAISHALI
YAMUNA
BANK
DILSHAD GARDEN SAHADARA
AMBEDKAR
COLONY
2x35/50MVA
2x30/45MVA
2x15MVA
2x15MVA
2x15MVA
2x30/45MVA
2x30/45MVA
2x15MVA
3x15MVA
33 kV Cable connection
in Future (after adding
one Transformer at
Subhash Nagar)
2x15MVA
2x30/45MVA
SCHEMATIC AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY DIAGRAM
INDERLOK
Proposed 33 kV Cable
COnnection
Appendix 4
Main
Ashok Park
THANK YOU
POWER SUPPLY INSTALLATIONS OF
DMRC