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General Chemistry I

Junie B. Billones, Ph.D.


Department of Physical Sciences and Mathematics College of Arts and Sciences

University of the Philippines Manila


The Health Sciences Center Email: jbbill@upm.edu.ph

SYLLABUS in CHEM 14
Course Description: Fundamentals in General Chemistry I Credit: 3 units

Prerequisite:

Math11/14/17

General Objectives: Know, understand, and apply chemical concepts and principles about matter

COURSE OUTLINE
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Properties of Matter 1.2 Changes of Matter 1.3 Classification of Matter

2. ATOMIC STRUCTURE
2.1 Development of Atomic Models 2.1.1 Dalton Model

2.1.2 Thomson Model

2.1.3 Rutherford Model 2.1.4 Bohr Model 2.1.5 Schrodinger Model

2.2 The Electronic Configuration


2.3 The Quantum Numbers 3. THE PERIODIC TABLE (PT)

3.1 The Periodic Law


3.2 The Different Groups or Families 3.2 The Electronic Configuration and the PT

3.2 Some Trends in the PT 3.2.1 Size 3.2.2 Ionization Energy 3.2.3 Electron Affinity 3.2.4 Electronegativity 3.2.5 Metallic/Non-metallic Property 3.2.6 Oxidizing/Reducing Ability 4. THE CHEMICAL BOND 4.1 The Ionic or Electrovalent Bond

4.1.1 The Lewis Dot Symbol/Formula

4.2 The Covalent Bond

4.2.1 Valence Bond Theory


4.2.1.1 Writing Lewis Structure 4.2.1.2 Molecular Geometry 4.2.2 Properties of Covalent Bond

4.2.2.1 Polar and Nonpolar


4.2.2.2 Order, Length, Energy 4.2.2.3 Hybridization 4.2.3 Molecular Orbital Theory

4.2.3.1 Homonuclear Diatomic 4.3 The Metallic Bond 4.3.1 Electron Sea Model 4.3.2 Band Model

1st Departmental Exam: December 15


5. TYPES OF REACTIONS 5.1 Nuclear Change 5.1.1 Differences between nuclear and chemical reactions 5.1.2 Types of Radiation

5.1.3 Types of Nuclear Change 5.1.4 Indicators of Nuclear Stability 5.1.5 Radioactive Disintegration Series 5.2 Chemical Change 5.2.1 Types of Chemical Reactions 5.2.2 Quantitative Relations Involving Formulas and Equations 5.2.2.1 Mole Concept 5.2.2.2 Mole-Mass Conversion 5.2.2.3 Mole-Mole Conversion 5.2.2.4 Mass-Mass Conversion

5.2.2.5 Percent Composition 5.2.2.6 Molecular/Empirical Formula 5.2.2.7 Concept of Limiting Reactant 5.2.2.8 Percent Purity 5.2.2.8 Percent Yield

6. PHASES OF MATTER
6.1 Intermolecular Forces of Attraction 6.2 Comparative Description of Gas, Liquid and Solid

6.3 Phase Changes 6.3.1 Phase Diagram

6.4 Liquid and Solid States 6.5 Gases 6.5.1 The Kinetic Molecular Theory 6.5.2 Gas Laws 6.5.2.1 Boyles Law 6.5.2.2 Charles Law 6.5.2.3 Avogadros Law 6.5.2.4 Amontons Law 6.5.2.5 Combined Gas Law 6.5.2.6 Ideal Gas Equation 6.5.2.7 Daltons Law 6.5.2.8 Gay-Lussacs Law

6.5.2.6 Grahams Law 6.5.2.7 Molecular Speeds 6.5.3 Real Gas Equation (van der Waals) 2nd Departmental Exam: February 2 7. SOLUTIONS 7.1 Solution Process 7.2 Factors Affecting Solubility 7.3 Types of Solutions 7.3.1 Dilute/Concentrated 7.3.2 Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated 7.3.3 Ideal/Non-ideal

7.4 Concentrations of Solutions 7.4.1 Preparation of Solutions 7.4.2 Dilution 7.5 Properties of Solutions 7.5.1 Electrical Properties 7.5.2 Colligative Properties 3rd Departmental Exam: February 23

8. CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS 8.1 First Law of Thermodynamics 8.1.1 Heat, Work, Energy

8.1.2 Heat of reaction 8.2 Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics 8.2.1 Entropy 8.2.2 Gibb's Free Energy

9. CHEMICAL KINETICS 9.1 Rate Expression 9.2 Theories on Reaction Rates 9.3 Factors Affecting Rates of Reaction
10. CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM

10.1 Molecular Equilibrium 10.1.1 Kinetic Approach to Equilibrium 10.1.2 Thermodynamic Approach to Equilibrium

10.1.3 Factors Affecting Equilibrium


10.2 Ionic Equilibrium

10.2.1 Ionization of Strong and Weak Electrolytes (acids and bases) 10.2.2 pH and pOH
10.2.3 Hydrolysis

10.2.4 Neutralization and Titration 4th Departmental Exam: March 19

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
Class Standing Departmental Exams Nondepartmental
Classroom works Assignments Attendance 10% 5% 5%

2/3 80% 20%

Final Exam

1/3

EXEMPTION POLICIES 1. All major exams are taken. 2. No grade lower than 40% in any of the exams. 3. A class standing of at least 60%. POLICY ON ABSENCES Any student who failed to take a departmental exam due to illness may be excused upon presentation of a medical certificate issued by the UP Health Service.

The final exam may then be substituted for the missed exam. This can be done for only one exam.

SCHOLASTIC INTEGRITY
All forms of cheating merits a grade of 5.00 for the course. A student who is found guilty will not be allowed to drop the course to avoid getting a grade of 5.00. GRADING SCALE 90 - 100 --------1.00 85 - 89 --------1.25 80 - 84 --------1.50 75 - 79 --------1.75 70 - 74 --------2.00 65 - 69 -------- 2.25 60 - 64 -------- 2.50 55 - 59 -------- 2.75 50 - 54 -------- 3.00 40 - 49 -------- 4.00 below 40 -------- 5.00