Early Renaissance

High Renaissance

Mannerism

Baroque

Romanticism

Neo Classicism

Realism

Impressionism

Post Impressionism

Cubism

Fauvism

Expressionism

Dadaism

Futurism

Surrealism

Abstraction

Minimalism

Abstract Expressionism

POP Post Modern Art

Conceptual Art

Alternate Art

Subversive Art

let there be life in art

Space

Movement

Form Expression

 Skill

 Scientific approach
 Grasp of Naturalism  Understanding of Humanism

 Dante [1265 -1321]
 Petrarch [1304 - 1374]  Boccaccio [1313 -1375]

Vitruvius’ book "De Architectura" was rediscovered in 1414 by the Florentine humanist Poggio Bracciolini. 1450). To Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472) befalls the honour of making this work widely known in his seminal treatise on architecture De Re Aedificatoria (ca. .

1302] .1258-1278 ]  Gionavnni Pisano [1250-1314]  Cimabue [1240.c. Nicolo Pisano [active.

The Madonna in Majesty (Maestà) 1285-86 Tempera on panel. Florence . 385 x 223 cm Galleria degli Uffizi.

The pulpit in the Baptistery at Pisa (dated 1260) .

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        Giotto 1267-1337 Filippo Brunelleschi 1377-1446 Lorenzo Ghiberti 1378-1455 Donatello 1386-1466 Paolo Uccello 1397-1475 Masaccio 1401-1428 Piero della Francesca 1422-1492 Andrea Mantegna 1431-1506  Sandro Botticelli 1445-1510 .

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Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel).Entry into Jerusalem 1304-06 . Fresco. Padua .

Kiss of Judas 1304-06 . Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel). Padua . Fresco.

Cappella Scrovegni (Arena Chapel). Fresco. Padua .Lamentation 1304-06 .

Flight to Egypt. Fresco. San Francesco. Lower Church. North transept. 1310s. Assisi .

Filippo Brunelleschi 1377-1446 .

Dome of the Cathedral 1420-36 -Duomo. Florence .

Florence 1419-24 .Ospedale degli Innocenti.

Old Sacristy 1418-28 Church of San Lorenzo. Florence .

Lorenzo Ghiberti 1378-1455 .

Florence .Northern Door of the Baptistry 1403-24 Bronze Baptistry.

Northern Door of the Baptistry 1403-24 Bronze Baptistry. Florence .

Florence .Eastern Door of the Baptistry 1425-52 Bronze Baptistry.

Bronze. Eastern Door . Florence . Baptistry. 1425-52.Story of Joseph.

Florence . Bronze. 1425-52. Eastern Door . Baptistry.Jacob and Esau.

Donatello 1386-1466 .

1457 Wood. Florence . Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.St Mary Magdalenc.

1430 Bronze. height: 158 cm Museo Nazionale del Bargello.David c. Florence .

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Florence Bernardino della Ciarda Thrown Off His Horse 1450s Tempera on wood.Deposition from the Cross (Pala di Santa Trinità) 1437-40 Tempera on panel. Florence . 176 x 185 cm Museo di San Marco. 182 x 220 cm Galleria degli Uffizi.

182 x 320 cm National Gallery. London . Florence Niccolò da Tolentino Leads the Florentine Troops 1450s Tempera on wood. 176 x 185 cm Museo di San Marco.Deposition from the Cross (Pala di Santa Trinità) 1437-40 Tempera on panel.

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65 x 165 cm Ashmolean Museum. Florence The Hunt in the Forest (Last work) 1460s Tempera on wood. Oxford .Birth of Christ 1443-45 Stained glass window Duomo.

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Triumph of Perspective .

Islamic •Abū ‘Alī al-Haṣan ibn al-Haṣan ibn al-Haytham (965– 1040) or al -Basri • Born in Basra •known as Alhacen / Alhazen to the west • Worked on the optics •Kitab al-Manazir (Book of Optics) •Translated to Latin in middle ages •Light and Process of vision •Camera obscura . (c. is also referred to as Euclid of Alexandria. Euclid. 330 BC – c 275 BC)  3 D geometry also known as Euclidean geometry Pioneers 2.

 Filippo Brunelleschi  Donatello  Leon Battista Alberti wrote Della Pittura  Piero Della Francesca  De Prospectiva Pingendi  Luca Pacioli [1494] –  Summa de arithmetica  geometria  proportioni et proportionalita .

Piero della Francesca 1422-1492 .

London .Baptism of Christ 1448-50 Tempera on panel. 167 x 116 cm National Gallery.

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The Flagellation c. Oil and tempera on panel. Urbino . 59 x 82 cm. 1455. Galleria Nazionale delle Marche.

47 x 33 cm (each). Panel. Galleria degli Uffizi.Portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and His Wife Battista Sforza 1465-66. Florence .

Urbino . Galleria Nazionale. 1470. 60 x 200 cm.Ideal City. c. Panel.

Andrea Mantegna 1431-1506 .

c. Tempera on wood. National Gallery.Agony in the Garden. . 63 x 80 cm. 1459.

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diameter: 270 cm Camera degli Sposi. Mantua .Ceiling Oculus 1471-74 Fresco. Palazzo Ducale.

The Lamentation over the Dead Christ, c. 1490 Tempera on canvas, 68 x 81 cm, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan

Giovanni Bellini 1426-1516

Agony in the Garden, c. 1459, Tempera on wood, 81 x 127 cm National Gallery, London

Madonna and Child 1480-90 Oil on panel, 83 x 66 cm Accademia Carrara, Bergamo

La figura

•Andrea del Verrocchio 1435-1488 •Sandro Botticelli 1445-1510 •Pietro Perugino 1445-1523

The Baptism of Christ 1472-75 Oil on wood, 177 x 151 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

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The Young David 1473-75 Bronze. Florence . height: 125 cm Museo Nazionale del Bargello.

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London .5 cm National Gallery.Adoration of the Magi 1470-75 Tempera on panel. diameter 131.

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70 x 103 cm National Gallery of Art.Adoration of the Magi. Tempera on panel. 1481-82. Washington .

Wind god Venus Mercury Three Graces Flora nymph Chloris .Zephyr.

The Birth of Venus c. Florence . 172.5 x 278.5 cm Galleria degli Uffizi. 1485 Tempera on canvas.

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Florence .The Baptism of Christ (detail)1472-75Oil on woodGalleria degli Uffizi.

Adoration of the Magi 1481-82 Oil on panel. 246 x 243 cm Galleria degli Uffizi. Florence .

163 x 290 mm Galleria degli Uffizi. Florence .Perspectival study of the Adoration of the Magi c. traces of silverpoint and white on paper. 1481 Pen and ink.

Paris [Virgin Mary. St. Archangel Uriel] .John The Baptist. 199 x 122 cm Musée du Louvre.Virgin of the Rocks 1483-86 Oil on panel. Jesus.

199 x 122 cm National Gallery.Virgin of the Rocks 1483-86 Oil on panel. London .

Milan .Patron: Duke Ludovico Sforza The Refectory with the Last Supper after restoration 1498 -Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie.

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452 x 637 mmMusée du Louvre. Paris . watercolour on paper. pen and ink.1503-05. Black chalk.The Battle of Anghiari (detail).

1503-5 Oil on panel.Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) c. Paris . 77 x 53 cm Musée du Louvre.

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Anatomical studies of the shoulder 1510-11 Black chalk. Windsor . pen and ink on paper. 289 x 199 mm Royal Library.

271 x 204 mm Royal Library. dragon and other animals 1513-15 Pen. black chalk on paper.Study sheet with cats. ink. Windsor .

Raphael Sanzio (1483 –1520) .

Spozalizio (The Engagement of Virgin Mary) 1504 Oil on roundheaded panel. Milan . 170 x 117 cm Pinacoteca di Brera.

Vienna .Madonna of Belvedere (Madonna del Prato) 1506 Oil on wood. 113 x 88 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum.

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Palazzi Pontifici.The School of Athens (detail) 1509 Fresco Stanza della Segnatura. Vatican .

Vatican . Palazzi Pontifici.The School of Athens (detail) 1509 Fresco Stanza della Segnatura.

Fresco. width at base: 670 cmStanza dell'Incendio di Borgo. Palazzi Pontifici.The Fire in the Borgo. 1514. Vatican .

Dresden . 270 x 201 cm Gemäldegalerie.The Sistine Madonna 1513-14 Oil on canvas.

Vatican . 405 x 278 cm Pinacoteca.The Transfiguration 1518-20 Oil on wood.

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Madonna of the Stairs 1490-92 .

Pietà 1499 .

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David 1504 .

1524-31 .Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medici.

1513 .Slave (dying) c.

Moses 1515 .

Slave (Atlas) .

Pietà c. 1550 .

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Creation of Adam. Genesis 4 .

Genesis 3 .Separation of the Earth from the Waters.

and Plants. Genesis 2 . Moon.Creation of the Sun.

Last Judgment 1537-41 .

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Mannerism .

It was a style that rejected the calm balance of the High Renaissance in favor of emotion and distortion.A European art movement and style that developed between 1520 and 1600. .Mannerism .

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Figura Serpentinata .

Giorgione (1477-1510) Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (1490-1576) Rosso Fiorentino (1494-1540) Domenico Beccafumi (1486-1551) Jacopo Carrucci da Pontormo (1494-1557) Jacapo Bassano (1515-1592) Corregio (Antonio Allegri ) (1490-1534 ) .

Assumption of the Virgin 1516-18 .

1512 .Noli me tangere c.

Sacred and Profane Love 1514 .

1525 .The Andrians (Bacchanalia) c.

The Venus of Urbino 1538 .

Rape of Europa .

1570 .Crowning with Thorns c.

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St Paul c. 1515 .

Moses and the Golden Calf 1536-37 .

Birth of the Virgin c. 1543 .

Supper at Emmaus 1525 .

Joseph in Egypt 1515-18 .

Deposition c. 1528 .

CORREGGIO Noli me Tangere about 1525 .

Passing away of St John 1520-24 .

Assumption of the Virgin 1526-30 .

Jupiter and Io 1531-32 .

Form & Space .

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EUGENE DELACROIX THEODRE GERICAULT .

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THEODRE GERICAULT .

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FRANSICO GOYA .

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CASPER DAVID FRIEDERICH .

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JMW TURNER JOHN CONSTABLE HENRI FUSELI WILLIAM BLAKE .

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1648 .Poussin Holy Family on the Steps.

DAVID. Jacques-Louis .

atroclus 780 il on canvas. Cherbourg . 122 x 170 cm usée Thomas Henry.

Lille .Belisarius Receiving Alms 1781 Oil on canvas. 288 x 312 cm Musée des Beaux-Arts.

330 x 425 cm Musée du Louvre. Paris .The Oath of the Horatii 1784 Oil on canvas.

The Death of Socrates [1787] Oil on canvas. 130 x 196 cm. New York . Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The Death of Marat 1793 Oil on canvas. Brussels . 162 x 128 cm Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts.

Bernard Pass. 1801 Oil on canvas. 246 x 231 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum. Vienna .Napoleon at the St.

Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine 1805-07. 629 x 979 cm. Musée du Louvre. Oil on canvas. Paris .

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Napoleon on his Imperial throne 1806 .

The Bather 1808 Oil on canvas. 146 x 97 cm Musée du Louvre. Paris .

Paris .The Grand Odalisque 1814 Oil on canvas. 91 x 162 cm Musée du Louvre.

Antonio Canova .

200 x 95 x 97 cm Museo Correr. Venice Orpheus 1876 Stone Museo Correr. Venice .Daedalus and Icarus 1777-79 Marble.

St.The Three Graces. Hermitage. Petersburg .

height 325 cm Pinacoteca di Brera.Napoleon 1803-09 Bronze. Milan .

height 200 cm Galleria Borghese. Rome .Paolina Borghese as Venus Victrix 1804-08 Marble.

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Madame Bovary (1857) Charles Dickens. ( 1828 –1910) Henri-Marie Beyle (. 1856) Henrik Johan Ibsen 1828 –May 1906) Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (1818 –1883) Leo Tolstoy. Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (born as Harry Heine) (1797– died            February 17. “La Comédie humaine” Gustave Flaubert (1821 –1880. ‘Stendhal’ Honoré de Balzac (1799 –1850). 1783 –1842). (1812 –1870) George Eliot (1819-1880) Naturalists Guy de Maupassant (1850 –1893) Émile François Zola (1840 –1902) .

chief minister of France.First semi-public art exhibit at the Salon Carré by the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (a division of the Académie des beauxarts)  1725 – Salon at Louvre – Salon de Paris  1748 – Jury introduced . École des Beaux-Arts. which was created by Cardinal Mazarin.  1673. in 1648.

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" . self-portrait. approximate quarter plate daguerreotype. "The first light picture ever taken. 1839. The back reads.Robert Cornelius.

. Lithograph published in Le Boulevard. 1862."NADAR élevant la Photographie à la hauteur de l'Art" (NADAR elevating Photography to Art).

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1849 . The Stone Breakers. Gustave Courbet. I must address myself to them directly”_ Courbet.“The people have my sympathies.

Oil on canvas ." Courbet A Burial at Ornans 1849-50."The Burial at Ornans was in reality the burial of Romanticism.

Still Life: Fruit 1871-72 .

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (1796 –1875) .

Rome 1826 .View from the Farnese Gardens.

Morning. 1850 . the Dance of the Nymphs c.

1865-70 .The Boatman of Mortefontaine c.

Jean-François Millet (1814 – 1875) .

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Honoré Daumier (1808 –1879) .

Oil on canvas . 1860.The Uprising c.

Oil on wood .Two Sculptors Undated.

Oil on canvas .The Third-Class Carraige 1863-65 .

1864 .Les Trains de Plaisir (The trains of pleasure).

. 1858-1860.Crispin and Scapin.

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”) . Paul Cezanne  Camille Pissarro  Auguste Renoir  Edgar Degas  Claude Monet  EdouardManet  Berthe Morisot (“a bunch of lunatics and a woman.

soleil levant. Critic . [Impression. 1872 “Impression!” “Wallpaper in its embryonic state is more finished!” .MONET Impression. Sunrise].Louis Leroy.

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Music in the Tuileries 1862 .

Olympia 1863 .

Le Dejeuner sur L'Herbe (Luncheon on the Grass). 1863 .

1867 .The Execution of Emperor Maximilian.

The Balcony 1868-69 .

1881-82 .A Bar at the Folies-Bergeres.

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Reading (The Mother and Sister of the Artist) 1869-1870 .La lecture.

Peasant Hanging out the Washing 1881 .

c. 1884 .In the Garden at Maurecourt.

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1883 .Young Girl at a Window c.

Mother and Child 1889 .

an image of magical instantaneity.” .“ Photography.

1872. .Musicians in the Orchestra.

The Dance Class. 1873 .

Cabaret c. 1877 .

Singer with a Glove c. 1878 .

The Star OR Dancer on Stage 1878 .

1879 .At the Stock Exchange c.

1884–1886 .La Toilette c.

Claude Monet Camille Pissaro Pierre-August Renoir .

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Garden at Sainte-Adresse 1867 .

Bathing at La Grenouillere. 1869 .

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[Impression.Impression. 1872 . Sunrise]. soleil levant.

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Le Havre 1874 .Fishing Boats Leaving the Harbor.

Bordighera 1884 .

Wheatstacks (End of Summer) 1890-91 .

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Rue Montargueil with Flags .

Water Lilies (The Clouds) 1903 .

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Sun Breaking Through the Fog. 1904 .Houses of Parliament.

London.Houses of Parliament. 1905 .

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L'Hermitage. c. 1868 .

1897 . Grey Weather.Boulevard Montmartre: Morning.

1897 .Boulevard Montmartre: Night.

Boulevard Montmartre: Rainy Weather. 1897 . Afternoon.

Sunshine.Boulevard Montmartre: Afternoon. 1897 .

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1873 .Monet painting in his garden at Argenteuil.

Dancer 1874 .

La loge The Theater Box 1874 .

Le Moulin de la Galette. 1876 .

The Swing 1876 .

1881 .The Luncheon of the Boating Party.

Post Impressionism Part 1 .

Luminerism  Pointillism  Cloisonnism  Divisionism  Synthetism  Pont-Aven School  Symbolism . Term coined by Roger Fry in 1910  Other Names :  Neo-Impressionism  Chromo.

and the problem is only to make something of it. .Life is not long for anybody.

1881 .

1885 .

1887 .

1888 .

1888 .

1888-9 .

1888 .

1888 .

1889 .

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and coward that I am. If I were without your friendship. I should end by committing it. – Vincent .Dear Theo. they would drive me remorselessly to suicide.

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Paul Signac .

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Henri de ToulouseLautrec .

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Art is either plagiarism or revolution." .

Arles 1888.Les Alyscamps. .

1888 . Jacob Wrestling with the Angel.Vision After the Sermon.

Night Café at Arles. (1888) . (Mme Ginoux).

Le Christ jaune (The Yellow Christ) 1889 .

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(1891) .Woman with a Flower.

Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? 1897 .

."I want to make of Impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums." -Paul Cézanne. Letters . edited by John Rewald. 1984.

1876. .Jas de Bouffan.

. (1892).The Cardplayers.

1890-1894 .Basket of Apples.

Still Life with a Curtain (1895) .

Still Life with Apples and Oranges. 1895-1900. .

1906 .Les Grandes Baigneuses.

. 1882-1885.Montagne Sainte-Victoire.

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.Road Before the Mountains. 1898-1902. Sainte-Victoire.

Mont Sainte-Victoire 1902 .

Mont Sainte-Victoire Seen from Les Lauves 1904-06 .

Mont Sainte-Victoire 1906 .

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Mill at the River. 1900-1906 .

Cubism Analytical Synthetic .

 Picasso .

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 Le Fauves – Means beasts  Mattisse  Vlamink  Derain  Dufy .

 Mattisse .

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CONSTRUCTIVISM FUTURISM ABSTRACTION DE STIJL .

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M O N D R I A N .

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Naum Gabo .

symphony. I have a need for peace.“ .Art must be inspiration controlled by mathematics.Antoine Pevsner ANTONIE PEVSNER . orchestration.

Marble. brass painted black. . and crystal.ANTONIE PEVSNER Anchored Cross (La Croix ancrée). 1933.

monument for the Communist International.Model of the Tatlin Tower. .

FUTURISM FUTURISM FUTURISM FUTURISM FUTURISM FUTURISM FUTURISM .

1910 The Roundup Oil on canvas. Private Collection .Umberto Boccioni.

Synthesis of Human Dynamism Umberto Boccioni. 1912 Work destroyed .

Size unknown. Work Destroyed. 1912 Plaster and assemblage of f ound materials.Head + House + Light Umberto Boccioni. .

6 cm) Museum of Modern Art.4 x 89 x 40.Forme uniche della continuità nello spazio (Unique Form of Continuity in Space) Umberto Boccioni. 1913 Bronze (126. New York .

Giacomo Balla. Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash .

yet what they call abstract is what is most realistic. the essence of things."There are idiots that define my work as abstract." . what is real is not the appearance but the idea.Brancusi Bird in Space. 1923 Brancusi .

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1938. . part of the Sculptural Ensemble in Târgu Jiu."The Gate of Kiss".

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Willem De Kooning Composition .

(1952) .Willem De Kooning Seated Woman.

T.Philip Guston To B. 1952 .W.

Painting Number 2 1954 Franz Kline .

Jackson Pollock Cathedral. 1947 .

1950 .Autumn Rhythm.

Mark Rothko

No. 10,1950.

Untitled [Seagram Mural] ,c. 1958

Mark Rothko

Rothko with his Rothko Chappell Murals, 1964

Once you “got” Pop, you could never see a sign the same way again. And once you thought Pop, you could never see America the same way again.
--Andy Warhol

Brillo Soap Pads Box, 1964,  AWF Three Coke Bottles, 1962,  AWF

Pop Artists used common images from everyday culture as their sources including:

Roy Lichtenstein, Masterpiece, 1962 Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup II, 1969,  AWF

Pop Artists reflected 60’s culture by using new materials in their artworks including:

Claes Oldenburg, Floor Burger 1962,  Claes Oldenburg

Robert Rauschenberg, Retroactive II, 1963

©2006 Life Inc.

Silver Liz [Ferus Type], 1963,  AWF

Jackie paintings, 1964,  AWF

RAUSCHENBERG, Robert Bed 1955

RAUSCHENBERG, Robert, Monogram, 1955-9

Jackie, 1964

16 Jackies

Self-Portrait. 1986 .

Turquoise Marilyn .1962 .

Pink Marilyn Reversal 1986 .

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Elvis .

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Go for Baroque 1979 .

Jasper Jones. Flag. 1954–55 .

A Bigger Splash 1967 .David Hockney.

Portrait of an Artist (Pool with Two Figures) 1971 .

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.Look at the cross a bit longer and you‘ll notice that all dots except the green one will disappear.

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CHRISTO .

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Lord Napier wrapped in red tape by Eleonora Aguiari in 2004. .

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Oil on Linen. 2006 .Damien Loebb. Scream.

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Balloon Dog (1994-2000) .

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$23.6 million becoming the most expensive piece by a living artist ever auctioned .

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. May 2005 a version of a primitive cave painting depicting a human figure hunting wildlife whilst pushing a shopping trolley was found hanging in the British Museum. London.

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