16 days A rocky planet looking much like earth.59 days. -184 Centigrade average 10759 days 10hr 13 mins The surface is mainly gas. Nickel iron /Silicate Only planet with life. Covered in craters. -184 Centigrade average 60. Rocky core.684 Days 17. Rocky core A large white cloud moving fast called “scooter” -234 Centigrade average 90. hard Iron A crater – “Caloris Basin” Rocky core Rocky core Probably silicates and ice. 6 days 9hrs Cold and icy. Saturn has 7 amazing rings of ice. 1 Orbit of sun 1 rotation Surface 686.969 earth days 58. dust & rock. Rings made of black dust and rock. Covered in clouds.3 days 24 hrs 71% of earth is water.190 days 16hrs 17mins The surface is Mostly gas. . Nickel iron /Silicate Has the highest mountain in the Solar System Inside core Thick.98 days 24 hrs 37 mins Much smaller than earth but very rocky. May contain diamonds. -184 Centigrade average 30.2 hrs Rock. Dwarf planet Main feature Jupiter has the dark red spot.646 days Rocky & thin crust.701 earth days 243. ice & very hot oceans.PLANETS ORDER Appearance Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Size Temperature Min -184 C to Max 465 C 87. 9hrs 55mins The surface is mainly gas. 449 Centigrade Average 224.2 centigrade Average 365. Smaller than earth’s moon. Rest of the surface is rocky.465 days. Max 36 C – Min -123 C -153 Centigrade average 4332. Nickel iron /Silicate It has many volcanoes. 7.

helium and methane 1st Space craft to land Mariner 10 Mariner 10 in 1962 Mariner 4 In 1965 Mariner 2 In 1962 Pioneer 10 in 1973. 777 million km 50 moons. helium and methane. helium and methane 17 times more than earth 57 times more than earth 4. 95 times more than earth. Carbon dioxide & Nitrogen. Hydrogen. 744 times more than earth. Pioneer 11 in 1969 Voyager 2 in 1986 Voyager 2 in 1989 Not yet visited. Callisto Hydrogen.56 times more than earth 67 times more than earth. Very less gravity. The largest is Titania.496 Million km 13 moons.02% of earth 1% of earth 5.1x10 Cubic m 150 million km 1 Luna 10% of Earth 15% of Earth 229 Million km 2 Demos & Phobos 95% is carbon dioxide & traces of Nitrogen. 14. 317 Times more than earth. 77%Nitrog en. 1429 million km 53 moons. helium and methane. Hydrogen. Traces of Argon. Hydrogen. 1318 times more than earth. .PLANETS ORDER Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Symbol Mass 5% of Earth 5% of Earth 57 million km 0 81% of Earth 86% of Earth 107 million km 0 24 6x10 Kg 20 1. Europa. oxygen . 2871 Million km 27 moons. Ganymede. Nix & hydra Methane and Nitrogen Volume Distance from sun Moons Atmosphere Hydrogen & Helium. 21% Oxygen.869 Million km 3 moons. Largest is Titan. argon and Water. 5 large. Io. Carbon dioxide & water. 1st is Tritan 0. Charon.

That ‘s when we experience the four seasons. Therefore during different times of the year daylight hours change. •The axis that the earth spins around is tilted . •While this happens the side of the earth facing the sun gets sunlight and has day time.What causes night and day…? • Earth spins around its axis and at the same time rotates around the sun as well. •For Earth to complete a full rotation it takes approximately one day which is 24 hours. Winter days are shorter and Summer days become longer. •Throughout the day when we look up we see the sun in different positions. . The other side having no light experiences night time. The sun rises from the East and sets in the west.

It is the area where the light is blocked . . it passes over the edges of the object and falls on the surface.Shadows What are shadows? A shadow has an outline. Inside the outline it is dark. When the person or object moves the shadow moves too. When sunlight is not able to reach through something. Shadows form at different places depending on where the sun is. How do they form? Shadows form when an object or person blocks the sunlight and the outline of their body falls on the surface they are standing on . The size of the shadow depends on where we stand and how much light falls on it. This creates a shadow.

An area that sucks anything in its path and anything caught in it cannot escape.SPACE VOCABULORY Known words Meteor .The galaxy that our solar system is in. Satellite . Astronomy . Orbit . Galaxy . Black hole . Milky way . Comet .An object in the sky blocked by another object or by the earth’s shadow.Stars that are held together in a group. Eclipse .The route that an object takes. dust and gas held together by gravity.An object reaching the earths surface leaving craters.A small object orbiting another object of a bigger size.A group of stars forming a signal. Asteroid .The study of space. . Clusters .Stars. Constellation .A rock orbiting around something.A small and frozen mass of dust and gas moving around the sun.

Cosmology .Smallest part of an object.A glow in the night sky due to happenings in the earth’s upper atmosphere.A cloud of gas and dust. Chromosphere . Electron .000km in diameter. Spicules .A star that brightens up suddenly many times before its light fades.A meteor that might explode at sometime. Atom .SPACE VOCABULORY Unknown words Air glow . .Part of sun’s atmosphere visible only during a solar eclipse.The amount of light something can reflect. Bolometer . Molecule .Jets on suns atmosphere which are up to 16.Study of the universe.A bad particle orbiting atoms.Atoms linked together. Bolide . Albedo .A sensitive radiation detector. Nebula . Nova .

. V 7 . . . 9 Down 1. . T O E S 8. P . 8 . 3. 4. The planet that has shiny rings of ice & dust around it. 5 S A T U R 6 N . 3 . The closest planet to the sun. 5. The planet with the “Great Red spot” . E N U S . . The smallest and furthest planet of all. 7. The only planet with existing life. . . This planet spins on its side.A Space Crossword 1 2 . . . The planet covered in red dust. The dark blue planet with the strongest winds. . 6. J U P L U I T U N E R M A R 2. M A R S E R C U A R T H R A N U 4 R Y Across 1. . This planet is always visible in the night sky.

When you shine the torch far from the object the shadow forms smaller.8 23.4 9.2 Investigating shadows on an object by shining a torch at different angles. When the torch is shone above the object the shadow forms around the object. Height of the shadow (cm) 13.Experiment – 1 Investigating shadows on an object by shining a torch at different distances.4 Conclusion .When you shine the torch close to the object the shadow forms bigger. . Conclusion – When you shine the torch from the front or back of the object the shadow falls on the opposite side. Object and screen settings Object halfway between torch & screen (15cm) Object closer to the torch (10cm) Object moved away from the torch (25cm) Experiment .

They had to make sure that the space shuttle was not too big. The forward docking port was removed so the pilot did not control it directly. The seats needed to be taken away because they would stand when flying and was held by a lever and pulley. . They had to make the craft have less weight in it so it would be easier for it to lift up in the blast off.Apollo Lunar Module How has the design changed of the LEM as the program progressed…? The heavy cockpit windows were removed and smaller triangular shaped ones put in which also had light weight glass.


maybe millions of dollars for astronauts to perform a mission. I definitely think that we should spend millions of dollars to explore space. Scientists have not found everything about space yet. We can live in a peaceful world and learn more about what is ahead of us in space. . The population of earth is increasing tremendously . the far away galaxies. water and food we shall start a new life there. It costs a lot of money . By doing research we will be lucky enough to overcome them. Therefore on my opinion. There are so many natural disasters in our world so that some day earth will be completely wiped out. should we spend money to learn more about space or not? I strongly believe that we should spend millions of dollars to explore space. There are maybe unknown dangers up in space such as asteroids or aliens. We could be lucky enough to find natural resources benefiting our industries as well. but scientists do not know about everything . So. It is a great help for us in the future and it is extremely important. Why shouldn’t we ? It is 100% better than wasting money on weapons to fight a war. Therefore if we find another suitable planet having the basic needs for a human to live such as oxygen.Do you think we should spend millions of dollars to explore space…? There are many amazing things out in space.

The Haylley's comet was last seen in 1986 and will be next seen in the year 2061. The frozen water & carbondioxide in the comet directly turns from solid to gas when closer to the sun.Haylley’s Comet  The Halley's comet is the most well – known comet passing through the sky every 75 yrs or so. The name “Haylley’s Comet” was after a English astronomer called Edmond Haylley who discovered it as a periodic comet.000km. It is small and shaped like a peanut  It makes the journey around the Solar System as an invisible rock made of dust and ice. The tail can be long up to 100. This makes the tail called the “coma” & it always faces the sun. . It appears in short period of time unlike others that appear in thousands of years. The comet collided with Jupiter in the year of 1994(eight years after it was seen by earth).

nz/sciencefacts/space/comets.wikipedia.htm http://www.kidsnineplanets.Bibliography http://www.html .com/articles/ http://www.

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