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Installation/Maintenance of a PLC

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.1

Information and Training Center Knowledge for Automation

Components for the Configuration of an S7-300


Components
Rail Power Supply (PS) Central Processing Unit (CPU) Interface Modules (IM) Signal Modules (SM) (Digital/Analog) Function Modules (FM) Communication Processors (CP)

Function
... is the rack for an S7-300 ... converts the supply voltage (120/230 V) to 24 V DC operation voltage to supply the S7-300 ... executes the user program accessories: memory module, back-up battery

... connect the bus between the racks (tiers)

... adapt various process levels to the S7-300. accessories: bus connector, front connector ... make functions for positioning, closed-loop control etc. available ... for connections between programmable logic controllers. accessories: cable, software, interface modules

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.2

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Mounting Positions for an S7-300 Configuration

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.3

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Expansion Capabilities for an S7-300

PS

IMR

PS

IMR

PS

IMR

PS

CPU IMS

FM

local

Slot number

10

11

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.4

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Installation Rules

For a horizontal configuration, the CPU and power supply must be arranged on the left. For a vertical configuration, the CPU and power supply must be arranged at the bottom The following minimum clearances must be maintained:

20 mm to the right and left of the rack 40 mm above and below for a single-tier configuration and at least 80 mm between two racks

The interface module always occupies the space next to the CPU
There may be a maximum of eight I/O modules (signal modules, function modules, communication processors) inserted in a rack A multi-tier configuration is possible only for the CPU 314/315/316 Please ensure that there is a low resistance connection between the rail and the substructure, such as through contact washers.

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.5

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Installation Aids

Hardware manuals

Check list

Installation

Parts list
1. ................ 2. ................. 3. ..................

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.6

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Installation Check List

Are all the components available ? (see parts list) Install the rail ! Install the power supply ! Connect a bus connector to the CPU and install the module ! Connect a bus connector to each of the I/O modules and install the modules ! Connect the front connectors and insert the labelling strips and the slot number ! Wire the modules (power supply, CPU and I/O modules)

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.7

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Installing the Rail (Part 1)

Screw the rail to the substructure using M6 screws ! Connect the protective ground conductor to the rail (protective ground screw) ! Note: Minimum cross section of the cable = 10mm2.
Protective ground connection

57.2mm

466 mm 500 mm 800 mm

482 mm 530 mm 830 mm

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.8

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Installing the Rail (Part 2)

Rail

Bus connector Hold-down screw

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.9

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Check List for Electrical Configuration

1. Are analog signals or bus signals used?


2. Do cables with > 60V exist? 3. Are inductances switched by additional contacts in the output circuit or independent of the programmable logic controller? 4. Will cables be laid outside of buildings?

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.10

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Wiring the Front Connector

Open the front door of the signal modules ! Bring the front connector into wiring position ! Thread the strain reliever in the front connector ! Strip the insulation from the wires (6 mm length) ! Connect the wires ! Tighten the strain relief for the cable loom ! Position the front connector in the operating position ! Close the front door ! Fill out the labeling strip and insert it in the front door ! Attach the slot number to the front door !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.11

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Preparing for Operation

Insert the keyswitch in the CPU ! Install the back-up battery !

if the user program is not stored in a power failureproof way in the memory module

if larger data areas must remain retentive during a power failure

Insert the memory module if required !


so that the user program and the data are retained during Power OFF and without a back-up battery to have a larger "load memory" available.

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.12

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Exercise: Using the Manual. Configuration of an S7-300

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.13

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Exercise: Installing the Modules

Dismantle the modules in slots 8-9 (Version A) or 4-5 in Version B !

Install the input module in slot 8 (4) and the output module in slot 9 (5)!
Check whether you can switch the front connector between the input module and the output module (interchange protection) ! Connect a new front connector on both the digital input and digital output module and bring them into wiring position!

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.14

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Exercise: Wiring the Signal Modules

S1
conveyor model

S4

H4

L-

L+

Term.No.: 1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

L+

L+

L-

modules

16 channel -> I 17.1 32 channel -> (I 3.1)

I 17.4 (I 3.4)

Q 21.1 (Q 7.1)

L-

L+

To supply the input/ output modules (see manual or the label on the front door of the modules)

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.15

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Installing an S7-400

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.16

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Components of an S7-400
Components
Rack Power Supply (PS) Central Processing Unit (CPU) Signal Modules (SM) (Digital/Analog) Interface Modules (IM) Function Modules (FM) Communication Processors (CP)

Function
for receiving and establishing an electrical connection to the modules converts the supply voltage to 5V DC and 24V DC to supply the modules executes the user program accessories: Memory Card adapt various process signals to the S7-400. accessories: front connector connect the racks with one another. accessories: connector cables, terminators make functions available for positioning, closed-loop control etc. for connections between programmable logic controllers. accessories: cable, software, interface modules

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.17

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Racks and Connection Possibilities


Useable in

Type of Rack

Central rack

Extension rack

UR1 / UR2 (Universal Rack)

P bus

Yes
K bus

Yes

CR2 (Central Rack)

P bus, Segment 1

P bus, Segment 2

Yes
K bus

No

ER1 / ER2 (Extension Rack)

P bus

No

Yes

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.18

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Installation Rules

The following minimum clearances must be maintained:


20 mm to the right and left of the rack

40 mm above and 22 mm below the rack


110 mm between two racks

The power supply must be inserted on the far left (slot 1) and the receive IM must be inserted on the far right

Please ensure that there is a low-resistance connection between the rack and substructure, such as through contact washers
Connect the rack to building ground with at least 10 mm2 Remove the slot covers before you install the modules

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.19

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Installation Check List

Are all components available? (see parts list)


Install the rack ! Install the power supply !

Remove the slot covers and install the modules !


Connect the front connectors and insert the labeling strips ! Wire the modules (power supply and I/O modules) !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.20

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Installing Racks

Screw the rack to the substructure (M6 machine screws) !


Connect the rack to building ground. A stud bolt is provided on the lower left for this purpose. The minimum cross section of the cable is 10 mm2 ! Install additional racks with a minimum clearance of 110 mm !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

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04.09.2013 SYH_03E.21

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Installing Modules

Remove the slot covers. Grasp the cover at the indicated locations and pull the cover forward to remove it !
Hang in the first module and swing it down ! Screw the module tight on the top and the bottom. Three-fold modules and the power supply each have two screws on the top and on the bottom ! Install the other modules as before !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.22

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Wiring the Power Supply

Open the power supply cover ! Adjust the power selection switch to the correct supply voltage ! User a screw driver as a lever to loosen the power plug ! Pull out the power plug ! Shorten both wires (not PE) by 10 mm ! Strip the insulation to a length of 7 mm ! Open the power plug (screw in the cover) and the strain relief device ! Connect the wires and tighten the strain relief device ! Close the power plug cover ! Push the power plug into the guide notch on the power supply and then to a dead stop !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.23

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Wiring the Front Connector

Use a lever motion on the lower part of the front connector cover to loosen it. Open the cover and pull it up to remove it ! Strip the insulation from the wires ! Connect the wires ! Install the strain relief device on the lower side of the front connector ! Fill out the labeling strip and insert it in the front connector ! Place the cover on the front connector ! Latch the front connector onto the modules coding key ! Swing the front connector up ! Screw the front connector tightly in place !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.24

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Preparing for Operation

Insert the keyswitch in the CPU ! Insert the back-up battery (batteries) ! Adjust the BATT INDIC switch for monitoring the battery on the power supply ! Insert the memory card in the CPU ! (always required for the S7-400) Connect the racks using the correct connector cables ! Set the rack number (1 to 21) on the coding key of every receive IM ! Connect a terminator to the last receive IM of every coupling phase ! Perform a CPU memory reset ! Connect the programming device !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.25

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Maintaining the Programmable Logic Controller

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

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04.09.2013 SYH_03E.26

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Changing the Back-up Battery in the S7-300

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

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04.09.2013 SYH_03E.27

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Exchanging Signal Modules in the S7-300

Switch the CPU to Stop ! Switch the load voltage off !

Open the front door !


Release the front connector and take it out ! Loosen the hold-down screw on the module ! Swing the module out ! On the new module, remove the upper portion of the front connector coding ! Insert the new module and screw it down tightly ! Connect the front connector and bring it into operating position ! Close the front door !

Switch the load voltage on again !


Perform a complete restart on the CPU !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.28

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Changing the Fuse in Digital Output Modules of the S7-300

Switch the CPU to Stop !

Switch the load voltage off !


Remove the front connector ! Loosen the hold-down screw on the module ! Swing the module out !

Screw the fuse support out of the module !


Change the fuse ! Screw the fuse support down again tightly ! Install the module !

Insert the front connector !


Switch the load voltage on again !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.29

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Changing the Back-up Battery in the S7-400

Open the power supply cover ! Use the ribbon loop to pull the battery (batteries) out of the battery compartment ! Insert the new battery and pay attention to the batterys polarity ! Set the BATTINDIC switch for battery monitoring:

BAT position for a single-width power supply

1BAT position for a double or triple-width PS and one battery


2BAT position for a double or triple-width PS and two batteries

Use the FMR acknowledgement pushbutton to cancel the error message ! Close the cover to the power supply !

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.30

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Exchanging Signal Modules in the S7-400

Switch the CPU to Stop or make sure that the user program permits modules to be exchanged in the RUN state ! Loosen the hold-down screws of the front connector and remove the front connector ! Loosen the hold-down screw on the module and swing the module out ! Hang in the new module and swing it down ! Use both screws to screw the module down tightly ! Remove the front part of the coding key in the front connector ! Connect the wired front connector and tighten it ! Switch the CPU to RUN ! (if it was switched to STOP)

SIMATIC S7
Siemens AG 1999. All rights reserved.

Date: File:

04.09.2013 SYH_03E.31

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