 

Behavioral Hormonal Barrier
◦ Spermicides

Long-Term / Permanent

 Predicting fertility: Basal Body Temperature & Calendar method Withdrawal/Pullout   Abstinence** ◦ The only 100% effective way to prevent pregnancy. STIs. HIV/AIDS .

 What? lowest temp of the body at rest How? Ovulation raises body temp ½ . and temp will drop if fertilization does not occur  What? Predicting fertility based on menstrual cycles How? Women chart previous menstrual cycles to predict the days they are fertile and infertile   .1 degree F.

     What? The man takes his penis out of the vagina before he ejaculates How? Male needs to ejaculate away from female. available to anyone Effectiveness: 78-96% . sperm on legs and labia can still travel into vagina Notes: Depends on a male’s self knowledge and self control Access: Free.

The hormones change your cervical mucus and uterine lining.  The Pill The Patch     Vaginal Ring The Shot Implant   IUD Emergency Contraception  These methods add chemicals similar to hormones to stop the release of an egg and weaken the sperm. slow sperm. and reduce ability of fertilized egg to implant into uterine wall. .

every 3 months. Your period can occur monthly. Your doctor can help you find the right one for you.7%   . or not at all Access: Prescription needed Effectiveness: 91-99.  What? A pill taken orally every day at about the same time Notes: There are many different brands.

7% .     What? A bandage-like patch that sticks to your skin How? Changed weekly. Hormones are absorbed through the skin Notes: Less effective if you weigh over 198 pounds. Access: Prescription needed Effectiveness: 91-99. May cause skin irritation. no patch on 4th week.

soft.     What? A clear.7% . neither partner usually feels the ring Access: Prescription needed Effectiveness: 91-99. The ring is inserted and left in the vagina for 3 weeks. Notes: One size fits all. flexible 2 inch circle worn in the vagina How? The body absorbs hormones from the ring through vaginal wall.

8%    . More chance of weight gain than any other method Access: Clinic / doctor visit needed every 3 months Effectiveness: 94-99.   What? A long acting hormone injection How? Female is given a shot one time every 3 months Notes: Not reversible.once the injection occurs. It may take a long time to get pregnant after the shot. the hormones are in the woman for at least 3 months.

but can be taken out at any time Access: Clinic / doctor visit needed every 3 years Effectiveness: 99.     What? A soft rod 1 ½ inches long placed under the skin in your upper arm How? Slowly releases hormones into your system Notes: Prevents pregnancy for 3 years.95% .

Stops or slows sperm and egg Notes: Lasts 5 years. Insertion can cause a few minutes of pain. fallopian tubes and the uterine lining.8% .     What? A small plastic “T” with a string inserted into the uterus How? Releases synthetic progestin hormone that changes cervical mucus. but removal is fast and easy Access: Clinic / doctor visit needed for insertion & removal Effectiveness: 99.

prescription is needed if less than 17 Effectiveness: Approx 95% if taken within first 24 hours of unprotected sex .     What? A pill or combination of pills you take after sex to prevent pregnancy How? Contains a higher dosage of the same hormones found in regular birth control Notes: Won’t stop an existing pregnancy Access: Available at pharmacy for girls 17+.

 Male condom condom  Female  Diaphragm  Cervical cap  Spermicides .

hold the rim in place at the base of the penis so it doesn’t slip off. Made of latex. or animal membrane (don’t protect against STIs). Inexpensive. Access: Easy to buy in a store or online. At withdrawal. polyurethane.     What? A thin covering that you unroll over an erect penis. Usually offered for free at a health clinic. How? Put on before any genital contact. Lubrication makes condom less likely to break. Effectiveness: 82-98% . Notes: May decrease the sensation for men.

Notes: Can be used if you are allergic to latex (made of nitrile). Flexible rings at each end hold it in place. How? Insert the small ring in vagina. Access: Available at many pharmacies. large ring stays outside partially covering labia. loose pouch that is inserted in the vagina. clinics. Men usually feel no reduction in sensation.     What? A soft. Can be put in up to 8 hours before sex. and online Effectiveness: 79-95% .

silicone dome that covers the cervix w/ a flexible rim that holds spermicide How? Put a tbsp of spermicide in and slide it into the vagina.     What? A soft. and needs to be left in for 6 hours after sex Notes: Neither partners should feel the diaphragm. Less effective if you’ve given birth. Access: Doctor/clinic visit needed for prescription and fitting Effectiveness: 77%% . needs to stay in at least 6 hours after sex Notes: Neither partners should feel the cap. Get re-fitted if you gain/lose 15 pounds Access: Doctor/clinic visit needed for prescription and fitting Effectiveness: 82-94% What? A soft. silicone cup holding spermicide designed to fit over the cervix How? Put a tsp of spermicide in cap and slide it into the vagina. Protects for 42 hours. Protection lasts 2 hours.

Most need to be put in 10 minutes before intercourse. sponge for 24 hours How? Put in vagina following packaging directions. Immobilize or kills sperm. Neither partner should notice spermicide. Notes:Key ingredient is Nonoxynol9. Access:Easy to buy in a pharmacy Effectiveness: 72-91% .       Cream Gel Foam Film Suppository Sponge     What?Chemicals that go in the vagina before sex. Most work for 1 hour.

Female. and are usually done by people 35+ years ◦ Both procedures are done in a doctor’s office  IUD: Copper (10 years) .Vasectomy  ◦ These procedures are permanent.Tubal ligation  Male.

and is sealed. or cut After a vasectomy. but there won’t be any sperm present . or clipped shut to prevent the egg from traveling through the tubes oRecovery usually takes 4-6 days A small incision is made to access the vas deferens. burned. the tube the sperm travels from the testicle to the penis.Tubal Ligation (Female) oA small incision is made in the abdomen to access the fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes are blocked. a male will still ejaculate. tied.

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