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TEACHING OF PHONICS

By

Akhtar Mirza
Phonics
The word Phonics is derived from “Phone” which means
“Sound”.
It can be defined as “A method of teaching language at
the beginning age with the help of sounds.
It is a very simple, interesting and easy method.
It helps the children/students to improve their
pronunciation.
STRUCTURE OF
SOUNDS
• Every language of the world has a
sound system and no language is
without sounds.
• There are 44 sounds in English
Language for 26 alphabets.
• They are divided in two parts.
• 1. Vowels 2. Consonants.
STRUCTURE OF
SOUNDS

44
Sounds

24 20
Consonant Sounds Vowels

12 8
Monothongs Diphthongs
• IPA CHART
PHONEME
• Phoneme is called the smallest
meaningful sound.
• The phoneme has mental,
physiological, and physical substance:
our brains process the sounds; the
sounds are produced by the human
speech organs; and the sounds are
physical entities that can be
recorded and measured
VOWELS
• Vowel Sounds are those
sounds which are created
from mouth without any
hindrance in the oral cavity.
CONSONANTS
• Consonants are the
sounds which are
created from our oral
cavity with some
hindrance
MONOTHONGS

• These are the sounds created from


oral cavity in a single breath e.g.
• c A t. f EE l f OO l h A rp
DIPHTHONGS

• When two vowel sounds are mixed and


• created together, they are called
diphthongs e.g.
• c A w = AA
• c O w = AA + O = AO
Teaching Phonics
 You cant teach the 44 sounds to a small kid or even to a PST
who is supposed to teach the primary classes.
 It is a different phenomena to teach phonic sounds to the
small kids.
 We use 26 basic alphabet sounds in the beginning.
 Just tell the sounds not the name of the alphabets (ay, bee,
see, dee, ee, ef, jee are the names of alphabets)
 The vowel sounds are introduced with the name of VOWELS
and Diphthongs are introduced as DOUBLE VOWELS.
BLENDS

When two alphabets are written


together and gives double sound, it
is called a blend e.g.
 Bl ow Cl ap, Fl ed,
BEGINNING & ENDING
BLENDS
 When two alphabets give double sounds
at the beginning are called beginning
alphabets e.g.
BL eat FL ip CL ean
 When two alphabets give double sounds
at the end are called ending blend e.g.
cl AP ju MP smi TH
DIAGRAPHS
 When two alphabets produce single
sound, it is described as diagraph e.g.
PH one CH air SC ience
THANK YOU