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Ø To understanding the basic of M-commerce Ø Benefit of M-commerce with small business Ø Know about technology that based on M-commerce Ø How to apply technology of M-commerce for business Ø Know about advantage and disadvantage of M-commerce
What is M-Commerce?
E-Commerce with mobile devices (PDAs, Cell Phones, Pagers, etc.) Different than E-Commerce? No, but additional challenges:
Security Usability Heterogeneous Technologies Business Model Issues
But first, let’s learn a little about wireless technologies…
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1G: 1979-1992 wireless technology 2G: current wireless technology; mainly accommodates text 2.5G: interim technology accommodates graphics 3G: 3rd generation technology (2001-2005) supports rich media (video clips) 4G: will provide faster multimedia display (2006-till date)
Terminology and Standards
GPS: Satellite-based Global Positioning System PDA: Personal Digital Assistant—handheld wireless computer SMS: Short Message Service EMS: Enhanced Messaging Service MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service WAP: Wireless Application Protocol Smartphones—Internet-enabled cell phones with attached applications
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Mobile Service Scenarios
Financial Services. Entertainment. Shopping. Information Services. Payment. Advertising. And more ...
Early content and applications have all been geared around information delivery but as time moves on the accent will be on revenue generation.
Entertainment Music Games Graphics Video Pornography Communications Short Messaging Multimedia Messaging Unified Messaging e-mail Chatrooms
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Transactions Banking Broking Shopping Auctions Betting
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Information News City guides Directory Services Maps Traffic and weather
Less processing power on devices
Less memory (keys, certs, etc. require storage) Few devices have crypto accelerators, or support for biometric authentication No tamper resistance (memory can be tampered with, no secure storage) Primitive operating systems w/ no support for access control (Palm OS)
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Slow Modular exponentiation and Primality Checking (i.e., RSA) Crypto operations drain batteries (CPU intensive!)
Wireless Security Approaches
Link Layer Security
GSM: A3/A5/A8 (auth, key agree, encrypt) CDMA: spread spectrum + code seq CDPD: RSA + symmetric encryption
Application Layer Security
WAP: WTLS, WML, WMLScript, & SSL iMode: N/A SMS: N/A
Hard Data Entry
Poor Handwriting Recognition Numeric Keypads for text entry is error-prone Poor Voice Recognition Further complicates security (entering passwords / speaking pass-phrases is hard!)
i.e., can’t show users everything in “shopping cart” at once!
Voice Output time consuming
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Graffiti (Scaled-down handwriting recognition, Palm devices) T9 Text Input (Word completion, most cell phones) Full alphanumeric keypad & scrollbar (Blackberry) Restricted VoiceXML grammars for better voice recognition Careful task-based Graphical User Interface & Dialog Design Lots of room for improvement!
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Many link layer protocols (different security available in each) Many application layer standards Businesses need to write to one or more standards or hire a company to help them! Many device types:
Many operating systems (Palm OS, Win CE, Symbian, Epoch, …) Wide variation in capabilities
HTML/Web screen scraping Protocol & Mark-up language translators Standardization
Business Models Issues
Slotting fees Wireless advertising (text) Pay per application downloaded Pay per page downloaded Flat-fees for service & applications Revenue share on transactions
Trust issues between banks, carriers, and portals Lack of content / services
M- commerce ben efit
Ø Your Internet offerings are easier and more convenient to access. Ø You get considerable flexibility while conducting business. Ø Transaction and personnel costs are reduced due to widespread automation of Ø back-office operations. Ø Field staff is more effective as they have flexible access to back-office data.
Ben ef it f or busi nes s
For a small business could benefit from m-commerce. Ø Selling a product or service Ø Improving productivity
Ad van tage
Ø Offers many payment options Ø Push advertising, direct marketing. Ø More efficient and extensive service offered. Ø The Internet is going mobile
Dis adva nta ge
Ø Expensive cost Ø Larger screens won’t be displayed is clear Ø Slow speed Ø Limited for longer message Ø It hard way to fill the data. Ø Security is not protected
Ø Mobile banking Ø Mobile ticketing Ø Mobile marketing Ø Micro-payment
Co ncl us ion
The core of m-commerce is the use of a terminal (telephone, PDA, PC device) and public mobile network to access information and conduct transactions that result in the transfer of value in exchange for information, services or goods. Mobile Commerce refers to any transaction with monetary value that is conducted via a mobile telecommunications network.
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